Nobody downloaded yet

The use of structure and agency and its effect on Globalization - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Many sociologists and theorists usually refer globalization as a non-negotiable extraneous economic constraint, which must simply be obliged with. It is often presented as a process without subject. Accordingly, it is a process whose content, nature and consequences are not conformable-either in practice or in principle-to political deliberation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
The use of structure and agency and its effect on Globalization
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The use of structure and agency and its effect on Globalization"

Download file to see previous pages This paper aims at relating the discussion on structure and agency with that of globalization, in order to comprehend this complex process in a more logical way. Greater emphasis is placed on the contribution of ideas in the dynamic relationship between agents and the environment in which they exist.
Sociologists have spent two centuries on the issue of structure and agency. Yet they have gone no further than Marx's true statement "men make history, but not in circumstances of their own choosing". One of the main issues in sociology has always centered around the debate of the effect of individualism and holism on human thought and endeavors. Agency refers to the capability of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices. Structure refers to those factors such as social class, religion, gender, ethnicity, customs, etc. which seem to confine or regulate the possibilities that individuals have. The debate over whether social structures determine individual behavior or do individuals themselves play a role in defining their own destiny has lead to much befuddlement.
A strategic-relational approach as developed by Hay (2001) will be adopted in this paper to answer some of the questions raised by the relationship between structure and agency in opposition to much of the existing literature on this subject matter. This approach suggests that the distinction between structure and agency is strictly analytical. Over time it has been argued by many noted sociologists that structures exist before agents; however the view developed in this paper is that structures can only be said to exist by merit of their intermediation of human conduct - structures comprise both the medium and condition of human agency.
In essence neither agents nor structures are real, since neither has an existence in isolation from the other - their existence is relational and truly based on sound reasoning. Structure and agency are the flip sides of the same coin. Structure and agency, although analytically dissociable, are essentially entirely intertwined.
Agents are conceived as witting, reflexive and strategic. They act purposefully in an effort to realize their aims and preferences. However, they may also act intuitively or out of habit. Even so, when acting habitually they are assumed to be able to deliver their aims and their motivations explicitly. They are presumed to make all their decisions based on the immediate and long-term consequences of their actions, whether intuitively or more intentionally. Though actors are conceptualized as intentional and strategic, their preferences are not assumed to be fixated nor are their preferences solely based on the circumstances in which they find themselves. Different actors in similar physical settings and circumstances will opt for different interests and preferences, just as the same actors will review, revise and reform their perceived interests and preferences over time as the circumstances and situation changes.
This may lead one to think that the context or circumstances in which the actors find themselves is irrelevant. However this is far from truth. The key to the tie-up between structure ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The use of structure and agency and its effect on Globalization Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Use of Structure and Agency and Its Effect on Globalization Essay)
“The Use of Structure and Agency and Its Effect on Globalization Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The use of structure and agency and its effect on Globalization

Globalization and Its Effect on the World

...research on the topic shows that it has an effect on other aspects of the world such as political and social aspects. Globalization not only affects the microenvironment but also affects the macro environment if viewed from an economic perspective. Micro environment here refers to the advancement in technology along with its effect on the organizations and macro environment is the whole situation in which the markets are operating (Oman, 1994). Globalization has its own positive and negative effects on all the aspects of the world. Its advantages revolve around the accessibility of financial resources...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Globalization Effect

...communication methods have informed the way modern day students think, learn and interact. The Australian education structure has not been left behind in the globalization process. It is for this reason that its education system is informed by changes in the society and promoted by top quality teaching, which is encouraged by critical thinking and compound global perspectives. This education system also seeks to expand students’ capacity to be vital consumers of information from the media, analyze information, develop arguments, tackle unfairness; grow compassion for others, and arbitrate conflicts (Bliss, 2003, p 3). The first part of this paper will therefore seek to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Agency-Structure Relationship Review

.... In a nut shell, it can be said that society has a single form that effects people as far as structure is a result of people’s actions. In terms of the constitution of society, Giddens (1976, p.127) held that agency and structure are linked because people are inherently occupied with society and keenly get involved in its constitution because they are not external to social structures, nor are social structures external to people. Social life comprises of many things other than just individual actions but social structures cannot be said to be the outcome of social forces. Social...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The disclosure structure and its effect on performance

...Dissertation Analysis Task: Dissertation Analysis Article: Clodia, V., & Francesco, P. . Making the most of corporate social responsibility reporting: disclosure structure and its impacts on performance. Corporate Governance 11(4), 459-474. Retrieved from Description of the methodology The research considered the necessity of developing knowledge that could improve procedures for reporting levels of Corporate Social responsibility (CSR). Consequently, the research investigated the disclosure structure and its effect on performance. The main objective of the study was to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Globalization and Its Enemies

...influenced the twenty first century. For instance, development in information and communication technology has opened many opportunities for people. Cohen argues that as much as globalization has its negative effects, it has to be praised for its promise for success (Cohen 163). Cohen (162) maintains that the existence of poverty cannot be blamed on globalization. He centers his argument on the premise that the poor in society are not in their state because of exploitation via globalization but they are poor because their respective governments neglect them. He claims that capitalism has failed to diverse technological progress since it...
7 Pages(1500 words)Article

The effect of Globalization

...goals in favor of global ones, and to this effect, the preference for effective ways of production such as cheap labor directly affects the well fair of citizenship. For instance, in the case of outsourcing for labor, the countries have no power to ensure employment to the citizenry, thus leading to loss of jobs to foreigners and unemployment.4 With the ease of movement and interaction of people and businesses across boundaries, there is an obvious loss of cultural uniformity. Nationhood can no longer be defined in the global system as cultures are easily diffused and eventually abandoned all together with a preference for more superior ones. In this respect,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Agency costs and ownership structure the literature on the effects of a diversified ownership base on firm performance as reflected by stock price, with mixed results due to the effects of increased liquidity, rather than minimisation of agency costs, on improved firm performance. Introduction One of the most discussed topics in finance and economics is the ideal ownership structure that will maximise the value of the firm. This issue touches the core of why firms exist in the first place -to maximise profit for its owners - and explains partially how and why previously successful firms fail. Economists used to assume that everyone - owners, managers, employees, and...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Globalization and Its Discontents

...BOOK REVIEW Globalization and Its Discontents Stiglitz, Joseph E. (2003, May). Globalization and Its Discontents. ISBN: 0393324397. W. W. Norton & Company. 304 pp. Reviewed by_____________________________ In 2001, John E. Stiglitz shared the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences with two others for augmenting in the 1970s the theory of markets with asymmetric information. (Bank of Sweden prize, 2001). Markets with asymmetric information can be said to be Stiglitz's main topic in his Globalization book. The subject can be best understood beginning with such questions as - Why are interest rates often excessively high on local lending markets in Third World...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Agency Structure

...Agency Structure Task: Agency Structure Introduction The US government executes numerous activities through agencies. The government has different agencies with each agency performing specific roles. An agency may be executive or independent and their structure varies. These agencies operate under different government departments and the government mainly finances their activities. The position of these agencies influences on the country’s budget substantially. This paper, hence, surveys few agencies in the U.S...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Structure vs. Agency

...arguing that the drafted mortgage rates are to the best of everyone’s interest. Durkheim believes that individuals would slow down the societal change and therefore there is need to manipulate change on a higher and more effective level. Durkheim would not think twice about congratulating the institutions that have been piloting the economy (Jary & Julia 774). Conclusion The debate on which culture is better between structure and agency is far from over. Each of the options has its pros and cons. However, in several areas Agency seems to be more viable than structure. This is particularly true since for the most...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The use of structure and agency and its effect on Globalization for FREE!

Contact Us