Nobody downloaded yet

California History - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
California is astateinthewestern United States, bordering the Pacific Ocean. It is the third largest state in the Union. ThenameCaliforniawas first used to designate the region by the Spanish expedition led by Juan Rodrguez Cabrillo, as it sailed northward along the coast from Mexico in 1542…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.5% of users find it useful
California History
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "California History"

Download file to see previous pages History provides a glimpse of the diversity of California's inhabitants, including the Native Americans, Chinese and Japanese. Several cultures prevail in the land and throughout the history of California different government had attempted to subdue its original people. Let us consider the succession of the most famous explorations in California.
Prehistoricinhabitants of California practiced complex religions, hunted with arrowheads made of flint, and subsisted largely on the abundant available acorns supplemented by numerous small animals; coastal peoples ate fish and shellfish. Indigenous Californians often lived in small communities of about 150 people. This was the setting when the Europeans first set foot in California. Most historians agree that Portuguese-born Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo was the first European to explore California. Sailing under the Spanish flag in 1542, Cabrillo hoped to find the Northwest Passage; instead, he found the California coast and claimed the new-found land for Spain. With his entrance into California, the course of California Indian history changed drastically.
Traditionally, California Indians have been portrayed in history as a docile primitive people, who openly embraced the invading Spaniards and were rapidly subdued. This naive argument adds little to a sensible understanding of native history in California and undoubtedly is derived from crude feelings of racial superiority on the part of its advocates. The relationship between the Spanish and the Indians was not a peaceful co-existence. Rather, the history of California Indians is the story of an attempt to survive a series of invasions and the hardships that ensued.
In 1579, an Englishman, Sir Francis Drake, sailed into California. Drake spent five weeks among the California natives and before leaving, he claimed the whole territory for the English Crown. He based his claim on the "right of discovery." Thus, within the first 40 years of European influence in California, two countries had claimed the land, and neither had acknowledged the rights of the natives who had resided on it for thousands of years. Other explorers of early California included Pedro de Unamuno in 1587, Sebastian Rodriquez Cermeno in 1595, and Sebastian Vizcaino in 1602-1603. However, no Europeans settled in California for nearly 200 years thereafter.
On July 16, 1769, the Spanish founded the first mission in California. Father Junpero Serra, a Franciscan friar of the Roman Catholic Church, established the Carmel Mission, originally known as Mission San Carlos Borromeo, at Monterey Bay in 1770 (Chan and Olin 60). It was one of the chains of 21 missions built by the Franciscans between 1769 and 1823. These missions ultimately became the foundation for Spanish settlements in California. Spain's Indian policy at the time of the invasion of California was a mixture of economic, military, political, and religious motives. Indians were regarded by the Spanish government as subjects of the Crown and human beings capable of receiving the sacraments of Christianity. It was essential under 'missionization' that California Indians be 'reduced' into settled and stable communities where they would become good subjects of the King and children of God. Missionization required a brutal lifestyle similar in several respects to the forced movement of black people from ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“California History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
California History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526925-california-history
(California History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
California History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526925-california-history.
“California History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526925-california-history.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF California History

Book review Andrew C Isenberg 2005. Mining California: An Ecological History

...? BOOK REVIEW Mining California: an Ecological History CONTEXT: Mining California: an Ecological History by Andrew C Isenberg is a book which is based on the effect of industrialization of mining, logging and agriculture on the environment. The book has diverted the attention of many to focus on geography and the land change history. The book traces us back to the nineteenth century California. It closely studies the impact which the industrialization has created on the nature. The book provides extensive information as a result of the research work based on California during the time period of 1850 and 1900. The lust for...
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

Compare the Book the Californios by L'amour Louis to the Actual History of the California

...to do with the discovery of gold in California and its resultant effects, The Californios chooses to reflect on the craze for wealth (symbolized by gold) through the eyes of a particular family, the Mulkerin. In contrast, the actual history concerns more than just one family. One of the reasons L'Amour may give in defense of the manner in which he depicts the rush for gold is perhaps his desire to reflect the incident from a perspective that is personal (using individual characters in a family), rather than general. In the same light, L'Amour creates a plot that has to do with the ownership of land and how some individuals, solely because they want to acquire material things, want to override them....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Compare the Book the Californios by L'amour Louis to the Actual History of the California

...of Lecturer 22 September, Compare the book the Californios by L'amour Louis to the actual There are several similarities and differences that can be drawn between the book, The Californios by Louis L'Amour and the exact story that the author was trying to narrate. It therefore becomes pertinent to prepare a proper comparison and contrast essay on the book, The Californios with the exact history of events that we actually know. There are specific places that can actually be identified and there are reasons that these places are in the story and these are one of the things that this paper seeks to establish. This paper would also show the extent at which L’ Amour teaches the readers of this great book about...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

CALIFORNIA HISTORY

...?CALIFORNIA HISTORY In relating the history of California, the Yahi community is a major feature. Before the 1848-1855 California Gold Rush this group had a population of about 400. The Yahi was a group of the larger Yana people. These were the native inhabitants of the Northern California region. The gold rush saw the influx of people into the region, and the Native Americans found they were under pressure in their home. The native populations decreased at an alarming rate due to the destruction of natural resources. In the process of mining gold, water resources were damaged and the fish which the natives fed on died. Other game such as deers which were a source of food also left because of the increasing human population. Under... this...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

California history

...California History California is a on the west coast of Northern America, and it is the most populous state in America. It is home to fifty of America’s most populous states that include Oakland, San Francisco, Sacramento, and San Diego. The center of the state is the Central Valley, which is mainly an agricultural productive region. It also boasts of having the third largest coastline after the Alaska and Florida coastlines. However, this region experiences major earthquakes because of it bordering the Pacific Ocean. In addition, this region records the largest number of wild fires as compared to the other states in America. The climate of this region is mainly cool with rainy winters...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

History of California indians from 1850 to 1968

...The History of California Indians From 1850 - 1968: A Critical Review The History of California Indians From 1850 - 1968: A Critical Review In regards to the history of California Indians, there are many different issues that must be taken quite seriously into consideration, and in order to be able to come to a proper and understanding viewpoint on this matter as a whole, all of these issues must be thoroughly and fully examined, as well as all of the key matters in relation to this. California in all reality has a much greater variety of geographical regions, landforms, and even climates than that of any other area, and...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Northern California film history assignment

...NORTHERN CALIFORNIA FILM HISTORY Historians often have different theories about a particular event or place in history. Movie history is also not exempted from such difference in opinions and it has endured the brunt of many controversies. Though most of the movie historians have epitomized Hollywood as the movie industry’s capital, no one can ignore San Francisco’s role as the grooming ground of the motion picture industry. One Historian, Scott T S Trimble, puts forth a contention that San Francisco is ‘the Original Hollywood’. When one considers the various backgrounds in history that has caused the movie industry to evolve into its current form, the opinions and findings of Trimble will emerge as most relevant and realistic... . There is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

California History

...California HistoryCalifornia holds a certain distinction, not the state but the name itself. California was, of course, originally inhabited by Indian tribes and was settled by the Spanish in the 1500’s, therefore many regions, cities and landmarks bear Spanish and Indian names. However, though the state California emanates from a presumed Spanish origin, it is actually named for an island (California) ruled by the Queen Califia, a black woman. It is surprising that more people do not know that. After surveying about a dozen native (or close) Californians, only one, less than 10 percent of this very unscientific survey, knew this...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Development(history) of Transportation system in US(or California)

.... However, the development of the transportation system in the U.S. as it is today had not been achieved overnight. Its history dates back to the period before the evolution of the Department of Transportation. Perhaps, one could generalize it had been developed even before the country itself. Considering the significant contribution of the transportation system to todays economy, the researcher feels it is worth investigating this historical development and/or the factors which led to its existence today. In the following sections the researcher shall outline the early history of transportation in the United States, followed by a background of the formation of the transportation system of a nation, and...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Write paper on gender in History of california

...Gender in History of California The right to work and discrimination against women are among issues that faced women in the late 1920s. Earlier on, there were legislations enacted meant to protect women against inequality in the workplace. Women trade unionists agreed that these protective legislations provided material benefits. However, the legislations reinforced malicious thinking about women as “inferior and undesirable workers who deviated from the domestic ideal, notions that circumscribed their employment opportunities and placed them at the mercy of government largesse” (Cherny, Irwin and Wilson 264). In the 1920s, the women workers enjoyed improved working conditions, protection by the state,...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic California History for FREE!

Contact Us