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DISCUSS THE NURSING ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A PATIENT WITH HYPOGLYCAEMIA EMERGENCY - Essay Example

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diabetes n."A Dictionary of Nursing. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.British Council Delhi.2 May 2007http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.htmlsubview=Main&entry=t62.e2367
Donna Tomky, MSN, RN, C-ANP, Detection, Prevention, and Treatment of Hypoglycemia in the Hospital, From Research to Practice /Diabetes Care in the Hospital, p.39, Diabetes Spectrum Volume 18, Number 1, 2005
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DISCUSS THE NURSING ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A PATIENT WITH HYPOGLYCAEMIA EMERGENCY
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Extract of sample "DISCUSS THE NURSING ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A PATIENT WITH HYPOGLYCAEMIA EMERGENCY"

Download file to see previous pages nerves, and blood vessels.

Pancreas: The pancreas is a gland that lies behind the stomach; it is a compound

gland with both exocrine and endocrine components. The endocrine component is

secreted in the islets of Langerhans, and this comprises of two hormones, glucagon and

insulin. Within the islets, there are beta cells that secrete insulin (A Dictionary of

Nursing, 2003).

Pathophysiology of Diabetes: Diabetes results from deficient insulin secretion,

decreased insulin action, or both. Many causative pathologic processes may be involved

ranging from autoimmune destruction of beta cells of the pancreas to incompletely

understood processes that result in insulin resistance. In both the mechanisms, there is

strong evidence of a genetic counterpart. Whatever may be the mechanism of injury,

deficiency of insulin leads to production of large volume of urine and excessive thirst.

The excess sugar in the blood draws water, and the excess sugar starts appearing in urine,

thereby leading to a loss of sugar in the urine. This results in weight loss, and the patient

not only becomes thirsty, but also hungry. (A Dictionary of Nursing, 2003).

Types of Diabetes Mellitus: Depending on the pathologic mechanism causing

diabetes, diabetes has been classified into two types. One, where there is absolute

deficiency of insulin due to destruction of islet cells, so the patients are entirely

dependent on insulin for counteracting this deficiency state. This usually starts in

childhood or adolescence, and this is termed as IDDM or insulin-dependant diabetes

mellitus or type 1 diabetes mellitus. The other, where there is insulin resistance and...
"hypoglycaemia n."Concise Medical Dictionary. Oxford University Press, 2002. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.British Council Delhi.2 May 2007http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.htmlsubview=Main&entry=t60.e4784
"insulin n."Concise Medical Dictionary. Oxford University Press, 2002. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.British Council Delhi.2 May 2007http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.htmlsubview=Main&entry=t60.e5064
"pancreas n."A Dictionary of Nursing. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.British Council Delhi.2 May 2007http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.htmlsubview=Main&entry=t62.e6551 ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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