Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Modern Ethical Theories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Humans do naturally have ego. We establish our own image to be distinct among others; it is more of an identity. But what does egoism means In the Webster's Dictionary, egoism is simply defined as an act of selfishness. There are two known kinds of egoism, the ethical egoism and the psychological egoism…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.5% of users find it useful
Modern Ethical Theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Modern Ethical Theories"

Download file to see previous pages It suggests that all our acts are motivated by our self interest. People act selfishly to promote happiness and foster their self interest.
Thomas Hobbes, a believer of psychological egoism, emphasized that people are selfish unconsciously. They do things for their own interest or for their own survival. With this statement, it cancels its real essence if we talk about doing things for others. If we do things for other people, does it always means that we did it for our own interest That's the big argument now. According to Hinman, there are two interpretations about psychological egoism, it's either people act for selfishness or they act for their own interest. It may sound the same but between these two interpretations, there is a difference. It actually depends upon one's motive or the consequence the person gets doing things for other people.
If we intend to do something good for other people, we did it because it satisfies us inside. It rarely happens for a person to act genuinely for it self. They even sometimes hide what's the real them. Instead, people act apparently in their self-interest. What is more vocal of a person is when it acts for a certain motive. The essence of psychological egoism cancels out when intentions comes in. It falsifies its real meaning if we consciously do something or intend something.
If there are two interpretations of psychological egoism there are also two versions of ethi...
l to promote one's good, it is essentially never moral not to do so-that is, there may be conditions in which the avoidance of personal interest may be a moral action. There are personal, individual, and universal ethical egoism. The first implies that a person does only his self interest and disregards the other person's behavior. The individual ethical egoism states that all people should serve my own interest and universal ethical egoism means that all persons should act exclusively for their self-interest. Among the three, the personal ethical egoism is the weakest. This kind of ethical egoism is not recommendable to others for what is important is your own interest. The strongest among the three is the universal ethical egoism. This states that you should only pursue your self-interest exclusively.
Psychological egoism and ethical egoism is two different things. Psychological egoism emphasizes that human beings are selfish in nature. They don't notice it because it is subconscious. In contrast to this, ethical egoism is a kind of egoism which states that a person's action is done by the person's best self-interest. It may harm or benefit others. Ethical egoism is defined by an inherent desire to perform altruistic acts while psychological egoism is defined by inbuilt selfishness of all acts.
Ethical egoism doctrines states that all persons must act to their own interest while the doctrines in psychological egoism stresses that a human's motivation of every voluntary action is a need for humans own happiness. The difference is between fact for psychological egoism and value for ethical egoism.
With the two kinds of egoism we have there is a thin line between what is selfish and what self-interest is. We can say that humans are being selfish because we claim for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Modern Ethical Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Modern Ethical Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Modern Ethical Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Modern Ethical Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Modern Ethical Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Modern Ethical Theories

Ethical Theories

...ID # Ethical Theories Act Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory for the reason that it conforms ethically right actions, the actions we are forced to perform, are selected by determining the outcomes that those actions are expected to produce. Briefly if we explain Act Utilitarianism it necessitates that we look to non-moral outcomes of actions as simply a suitable method to put together moral decisions. In fact, act utilitarianism can spotlight on some sort of non-moral good like a suitable objective, the most leading appearance of utilitarian theory guides us to perform in an attempt to achieve the maximum contentment possible...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Ethical Theories that there is no single rule that is applicable in every situation to characterize an action; it doesn’t have a way to resolve conflicts between rules. There is no room for aberrancy with regards to moral laws. It didn’t take into consideration the feelings of the human, only the rational thought processes. Social Contract Theory has been around since Socrates, although Thomas Hobbs is considered the modern founder in the middle 1600s. His proponents, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, later expounded on his theory to formulate much broader politically applicable social theories. In essence, it is the belief that individuals in their natural state come together to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Ethical Dilemma: Using Ethical Theories have his retirement soon. On the other hand, Rachel is a minority women who is in dire need of a promotion. She is hardworking and has good working experience too. In addition, throughout her service, her performance was appreciable. My friend was more than puzzled and confused. Even after prolonged discussion, there was no solution to the issue. Ignoring Bob would be considered as a wrong step. However, discriminating Rachel too seemed wrong as she possessed even better records of performance. In addition, her personal and financial situations were in dire need of improvement. Finally, my friend decided to go for Bob, though he could not justify why he ignored Rachel. Now analyzing the decision in the light of various...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Non-human Animals Can Be Agents of Morality

...ultimate causes and proximate causes. Morality can lead to reproduction (kin selection) and reciprocal altruism: animals that engage in altruistic behavior may be more successful reproductively or in terms of obtaining beneficial cooperation from other animals. The ultimate cause is “self-interested” (Kitcher, Korsgaard & Singer, 2009, 136). However, the proximate cause may not be: that is, the immediate motivation of an animal that has evolved altruistic psychological capacities may be the best interest of other animals independently of their self-interest. In his paper titled “The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories,” Michael Stocker laments that modern...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Ethical Theories

...CASE 3 – Star Alpha Medicines This paper will provide an analysis on Star Alpha Medicines, which is a UK based firm that markets life-saving drugs including Insulin pen in Country X (a south eastern economy). The company has been facing an ethical dilemma because the government of Country X has reduced the drug’s price by 25%, which would certainly make the product money losing and adversely impact the competitiveness in the marketplace. The paper will first throw light over the key stakeholders of Star Alpha followed by demonstration of ethical issues, discussion and application of ethical theories. The researcher will analyse this case using Consequentialist...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Ethical theories

...Ethical theories Consequentialists moral theories are in most cases teleological: they involve application of virtues to attain some goal and evaluate the actions taken in terms of moral and ethics in attaining the specific goals. Utilitarianism is a theory that critically portrays this, and involves application of ethical codes and other ethical standards that aim at maximizing the net expectable utility for all the parties that are affected by a particular decision, or a specific action. Therefore, actions or decisions are ethical to the degree that they seek to promote the best good for a great...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Are Classical Ethical Theories still Relevant Today on the Works of Locke and Hume

...Are Classical Ethical Theories still Relevant Today on the Works of Locke and Hume? When the subject of ethics and morality are discuessed, it is inevitable that the student will ask about their applicability in today’s modern setting. Especially when the philosophers that were inferred to were thinkers of yesteryears that one cannot help but wonder whether such ethical theory is still valid today. To better make a point whether the philosophy of old thinkers which are often inferred to when we study morals and ethics are still relevant, John Locke and David Hume’s ethical theories...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Ethical theories

...Ethical Theories It has been difficult to ify moral and ethical theories. Various philosophers cannot answer questions about ethics and morality. According to studies, concepts of moral and ethical theories come in different shapes and sizes. Such a case demands specific criteria that would help in the classification of these concepts. Classification would assist in the learning of these concepts. It is helpful to begin by evaluating the concepts individually. Evaluating them individually will highlight how these concepts have importance on the consequences of action. There is a way of classifying...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Ethical theories

...Futile Treatment Futile Treatment Li defines futile treatment as a situation where the treatment given to a patient has little or nochances of saving the life of a patient. In essence, the treatment just prolongs the time of death that seem so obvious. In such cases, patients may suffer a lot due the aggressive treatments that may not benefit their health. Physicians are thus accorded the responsibility to advise family members on the way forward in enhancing the quality of life of the patient; either under treatment or palliative care. Medical practitioners have an ethical duty to ensure that patient are taken care of according to an established doctrine. In this regard, practitioners are not supposed to give up on a...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Ethical Theories

...Ethical Theories Probably, practically everybody who has worked in an organization has faced with various ethical issues. One of the most common issues arising at work can be referred to corporate whistleblowing, whereas somebody discloses information about some malpractice to an employer, manager, media, etc. When such situations arise, many people are confused and challenged with ethical considerations, as they are not sure how to manage this situation. It might be useful to apply ethical theories and perspectives to the case of whistleblowing in business in order to decide what the most appropriate behavior in such situation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Modern Ethical Theories for FREE!

Contact Us