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Health Promotion throughout the lifespan - Essay Example

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Lifespan development occurs from conception to death, and reflects the human ability to adapt and change (Bee, Boyd, & Johnson, 2006). The lifestage I have chosen for this paper is Middle Adulthood that occurs during the ages of 40- 60 years, as I am currently 20 years old and am concerned about how personal and socio-environmental changes will affect my mental health as I enter this developmental milestone…
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Health Promotion throughout the lifespan
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Download file to see previous pages According to Erikson (1956), a contributing factor to my future mental health is my state of being now as a young adult, and the outcome of my intimacy vs. isolation crisis (Bee, Boyd, & Johnson, 2006). My resolution of this crisis will enable me to work through my changing social roles in the Middle Adulthood lifestage, and my social support network will help me to adapt to slight cognitive, personality, and physical changes also occurring during this period. This paper aims to identify lifespan factors that would contribute to depression and social isolation during Middle Adulthood. First I will describe cognitive and physical factors that contribute to depression during Middle Adulthood. Secondly, I will present social and personality factors that can influence experiences of depression during the ages of 40 - 60 years. Next. I will then provide details of two health promotion strategies that are applicable to depression during this developmental period. Finally, my conclusion will synthesise the main points of this document and make recommendations for future research.
The biopsychosocial model of Engles (1977) incorporates biological, psychological and socio-environmental factors into a theory of well-being, viewing each of these factors as inter-related and inter-dependant in their influences of health or dysfunction (Bee, Boyd, & Johnson, 2006). In regards to the development across the lifespan, the biopsychosocial model provides a comprehensive account of how the physical body, cognition and personality, and social aspects of a person's life are affected by growth and change.
According to Lehman (1953), those in their 40s - 60s have passed their cognitive "peak", and are likely to find that their most productive work occurred before this time (Bee, Boyd, & Johnson, 2006). However, the 1991 research of Simonton provides hope for the older generation, in that he contested Lehman's earlier findings, attesting that periods of creativity can occur at anytime during the lifespan. Although fluid intelligence such as the ability to reason abstractly may begin to decline during this period, research shows that crystallised intelligence, the ability to acquire new information and verbal skills continues to increase. Activity theory emphasises the importance for older persons to maintain an active lifestyle, both mentally and physically, to encourage health and well-being. Activity also provides opportunities to socialise with others, whether through a reading group, a game of cards or tennis, or a walking group.
It is important for the middle-aged to remain creative and productive as research has indicated that maintaining mental activity may lower my risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) (Bee, Boyd, & Johnson, 2006). The disease occurs because of soft tissue changes in the brain, which changes cognitive patterns. The disease has been linked to depression, as AD is often progressive the individual experiencing it slowly loses their autonomy, and many times, their basic social skills of functional inter-communication. Additionally, other primary aging factors such as sleeping difficulties, fatigue, loss ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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