We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Major Depressive Disorder - Case Study Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Introduction: This case study concerns Isabel, a 28-year-old mother of two, who was hospitalised with depression when her second child was six months old. He is now two and severe symptoms have returned, necessitating further hospital treatment. Her history and symptoms indicate a wide range of treatments and the need for support from all relevant agencies…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Major Depressive Disorder
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Major Depressive Disorder

Download file to see previous pages... She feels worse in the mornings, guilty and hopeless, with suicidal ideation and has developed increased psychomotor retardation. She thinks she is ruining her family, who would be better off without her. These signs and symptoms indicate that she has Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), as defined by criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). The criteria state that more than one important aspect of MDD, such as sustained depressed mood, anergia, anhedonia, disturbed appetite and sleep, psychomotor retardation, suicidal thought, negative thought, hopelessness, or poor concentration, should be present for no less than two weeks and not related to somatic effects, caused by substance abuse or adverse reactions to medication.
Depression is the most widespread disorder in relation to mental health. According to World Health Organisation [WHO] (2001), people suffering from depression account for 5 to 10% of the population. The 'Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health' survey (AIHW, 2007) reported that it accounted for 33.7% of mental health disorders managed by general practitioners in Australia in 2003-04. Most studies show that the development of MDD has a higher incidence in females than males in their life time, being found in females twice as much as in males (APA, 2000; Varcarolis, 2006, pp.326-327; WHO, 2001). Typically, MDD is more likely to occur in females aged between 20 and 40 years old (WHO, 2001). Causes assumed include responsibilities of multi-tasking, for instance, domestic and office work, wife and parenting roles, or the menses might contribute to the prominent prevalence of depression in females (APA, 2000; WHO, 2001). However, race, earnings, education or matrimony are not related to the frequency of MDD (APA, 2000; Varcarolis, 2002. p.454; WHO, 2001).

2. Pathophysiology of depression:
Depression arises due to multifactorial causes, including biochemical, cognitive, hereditary and environmental factors, and sleep abnormalities (Varcarolis, 2002, pp.456-460; Varcarolis, 2006, pp.330-333). In Isabel's case, a reasonable assumption would be that the major pathophysiologic causes might be biochemical, cognitive factors, and sleep abnormality.
There are many studies to indicate that biochemical imbalance can cause depressive disorders, in relation to certain neurotransmitters, mainly serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine in the brain, which are known to play a role in the regulation of mood (Varcarolis, 2002, pp.456-460; Varcarolis, 2006, pp.330-333). The dysfunctional regulation of serotonin is related to decreased sex drive, appetite and sleep disturbance, as serotonin is particularly important in controlling sleep, appetite and sexual drive (Varcarolis, 2006, p.331; Zarate & Charney, 2003, pp.464-468). Reduction of noradrenaline can lead to loss of energy, interest, concentration, and decreased sexual drive (Varcarolis et al., 2006, pp.460-464; Zarate & Charney, 2003, p.464-468). The depletion of dopamine can be associated with loss of motivation and interest, because it contributes to the stimulation of the system of circuits of motivational behaviour in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Depression
She was referred to a physicatirist in the Monash Medical Centre with a gradual mental illness over the two the last three weeks. Most of the neighbors attributed the behavior to the financial problems resulting from her drunkard husband. Upon the observation and diagnosis of the physicatirist, Ann was confirmed to be suffering from abnormal emotions in relation to the level of her sadness and bereavement.
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study
Case Study
Prozac’s patent right was expected to expire in December 2003 (1). Even before it expires, Eli Lilly and company had to find a new successor for Prozac (7). Other pharmaceutical companies such as Barr Laboratories have been waiting for the right moment to enter the market by selling generic drugs that are similar to Prozac (i.e.
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study
Psychopharmacology
The depression in human beings is mainly caused by disturbance in their daily activities and due to unexpected happenings. In other words, due to the gap between the actual expectation and the happenings the people get affected by depression. As this is more related to mental tensions, adults are more prone to get affected by the depression.
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study
Major Depressive Disorder
al life which include eating and sleeping are affected and actions that served to be delightful and gratifying to a person in his life lose their charm and no longer appear to be important. There is a possibility that a person might experience major depression just once in his
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study
Competence based assessment
Brian is suffering from major depressive disorder; single episode severe without psychotic features and the severity code is 296.23. Even though there isn’t an exact time frame it is
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study
Major Depression Disorder
For a diagnosis to be made, the patient needs must register these feelings every day for at least two weeks. The DSM-IV manual includes other symptoms that could be associated with major depression, they include fatigue and loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, impaired concentration and indecisiveness.
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study
Major Depressive Disorder Case Study
Jeff is a 43-year-old man born and raised in Cleveland. He is the only male child and the youngest of three children. His father held the titles of vice president and general manager at the small manufacturing firm he worked in until his retirement seven years ago while his mother held several secretarial jobs on a part-time basis.
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
Treatment Plan for Sylvia Plath:
Her father served as a professor at Boston University whereas, Aurelia worked as a teacher. Otto died from complications resulting from the amputation of his leg compelling Aurelia to move with the children to
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study
PSYC 430 Case Study: Depression
lity to sleep, low appetite and weight loss, her period of bereavement over death in the family is longer than average, diminished energy and loss of interest. And frequent thoughts of death and suicide (Cassel, 2004). Again, the symptoms mentioned present the unipolar,
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study
Case Study 4
Using the inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation (IPPA) format, define hypothesized objective and subjective data you would expect to obtain during the patient exam. Hypothesis 1: Major Depressive
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study
Let us find you another Case Study on topic Major Depressive Disorder for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us