Summary to essay on topic "The case of the aids patient with Pneumonia"
Acquired means to get or obtain something, Immunodeficiency means the inability, either inborn or acquired, of the body to produce an adequate immune response to fight disease and finally syndrome connotes a group of symptoms which characterize a specific disease or disorder…
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HIV attacks any cell with this binding structure. The white blood cells or T cells of the immune system, which coordinate disease-fighting mechanisms, are especially vulnerable to HIV attack. Of these certain T cells known as CD4 cells are most vulnerable. While infecting a CD4 cell, the HIV utilizes the genetic tools within the cell to replicate itself and then leaves the cell, Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "The case of the aids patient with Pneumonia" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now destroying it in the process. Medical treatment cannot eradicate HIV once it has integrated into human cells. Reduction in the number of CD4 cells exposes a person to all infections as these cells assist other types of immune cells to respond to invading organisms. There are about a1, 000 CD4 cells per micro liter of blood in an average healthy person. The HIV destroys CD4 cells over a period of time, diminishing the cells' protective ability and weakening the immune system.
The infected person becomes exposed to nearly 26 infections and rare cancers, which take advantage of the weakened immune defenses to cause disease when this density reduces to 200 cells per micro liter of blood (AIDS).
Retroviruses were known as RNA tumor viruses as they have RNA and not DNA, genomes. These were known to cause certain cancers in animals. Howard Temin, in the middle of the twentieth century, studied them and discovered the genetic-like stability of the uncontrolled cell growth caused by these viruses. He proposed the provirus hypothesis, in which RNA tumor viruses cause permanent alterations to cells by integrating into host chromosomes, by virion RNAs which first convert into DNAs and then become integrated (Reverse Transcriptase).
HIV infection occurs when a person comes into contact with blood, semen, vaginal secretions or breast milk infected with this virus. It is acquired by having sexual relations with an infected person, using hypodermic needles or by the pricking with an infected needle and by the transfer of the virus from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast-feeding (AIDS). Jerry is suffering from PCP, a kind of pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinii (p. carinii). This afflicts People with weak immune systems. It's the most common serious infection in people with advanced HIV disease in the United States. (Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia (PCP) and HIV). "Pneumocystis pneumonia is caused by P. carinii, a fungus formerly considered to be a protozoan. Its fungal classification is based in part on 16S ribosomal RNA similarities to fungi, particularly ascomycetes, with spore cases. Its staining with the Gomori methenamine silver stain for fungi also supports its new classification"(Warnock. 1999). Hence the blood cultures will be negative for bacteria and antibiotics will be of no avail.
Surgeons are at the greatest risk of contact with patients' blood and body fluids. Hence, breaches in gloving material are to be avoided. In a study it was found that 17.4% of the surgeons had skin abrasions. 32glove perforations were observed, of which 22were in the outer glove and 10in the inner glove. Only four outer glove perforations had matching inner glove perforations, thus indicating that in 82% of cases when the outer glove is perforated the inner glove will protect the surgeon's hand from contamination. It is recommended that double gloves are used routinely in all surgical procedures in view of the significantly higher protection it
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It has been analyzed that 900,000 people in the United States were suffering from AIDS in the year 2002. Out of the total number of cases, 2 percent were reported amongst the children. There are many underlying causes of this pathology. The disease is led to by sexual transmission between heterosexuals as well as homosexuals.
On 2nd day of hospital admission, he developed respiratory distress, hyperpyrexia, tachycardia and desaturation on room air. Nursing assessment The assessment of the patient on the 2nd day of admission, when the patient’s condition has worsened incorporates a comprehensive and quick assessment for degree of respiratory distress, fever and establishing a diagnosis.
In addition, pneumonia might be caused by autoimmune diseases, which make it easier for infections to occur in the lungs. Among the most typical symptoms of this condition coughs, pain in the chest, a certain amount of fever, as well as the person infected having difficulty in breathing.
The author states that HIV and the disease that it generated AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome had become a cause of concern after some 25 million people all over the world had died and an estimated 40 million had carried the disease since the virus was first identified in 1981. In 2007, 33.2 million people had been infected with the virus.
What is the cause of worry is that about 2 million children below 15 years are also affected by the disease.
AIDS, as its name signifies implies that the disease comes to us through infection, i.e. we acquire the disease and it starts spreading in our body when the immune system of our body becomes weak.
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
pidemic’ with regards to a particular communicable disease normally conjures images of large scale infections and deaths and particularly from the 1980s when reports of outbreaks of HIV AIDS ‘hit’ the media, such fearful images of death and epidemic have been associated
detailed research of the strategies employed by small, isolated groups to survive in their native environment, and this study aids in the design of strategies to help populations in more complex settings. (Elroy, Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective)
AIDS has long
It is the responsibility of healthcare professionals to respect the decisions of patients and keep all information confidential. But what happens when the actions of the patients create an ethical conundrum for the healthcare professionals. Among the examples
rts (American Thoracic Society, 2005) exhibit that over three million individuals develop pneumonia yearly while 17% of the victims receive treatment in hospitals. Therefore, most victims recuperate, making it apparent that at least 5% of the patients always accede the illness
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