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Dyslexia - Essay Example

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There is currently no agreed definition or theory of Dyslexia. As such, the construct is worth studying and looking into because of several implications, primarily diagnosis issues. This paper investigates the various definitions and theories given for this syndrome, and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of such definitions and theories…
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Download file to see previous pages... Several definitions of dyslexia revealed that reading deficits is the only common symptom among all of them (Doyle 1996), therefore, this paper's scope is focused more on such problems as related to dyslexia. Although varying in approach and interpretation of dyslexia, researches done by Beech (2005), Fisher & DeFries (2002), Habib (2000), Helland, Turid & Asbjornsen (2003), as well as those by Lachmanni & Geyer (2003). Needle, Fawcett & Nicolson (2006), Perry & Rice (1999), Davis & Braun (1995), Sawyer (2006), and Singleton (2005) invariably referred to reading deficit as common symptom of dyslexia. The same is true with those of Vellutino, Fletcher, Snowling, & Scanlon (2004).
Although references have been accorded to some researchers of dyslexia, the bulk of these discussions here have been sourced from Gardiola (2001) who has so far covered extensively the history of dyslexia and its genetic etiology or the study of its cause. The paper ends with the hope that with the recent proliferation of theories and studies now, the main genes influencing the development of reading and dyslexia will soon be known.
Bright solutions (2007) gives thre...
If a child's difficulty with reading could not be explained by low intelligence, poor eye sight, poor hearing, inadequate educational opportunities, or any other problem, then the child must be dyslexic. That definition, however, did nor please parents, teachers, or researchers.
Simple and revised definition. Accordingly, the simple definition says dyslexia is an inherited condition that makes it extremely difficult to read, write, and spell in one's native language, despite at least average intelligence. On the other hand, the revised definition from the International Dyslexia Association is that -
Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.

Research definition. Finally, the research definition used by the National Institutes of Health is that -
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

Organizational definitions. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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This brings the idea that if dyslexia is properly understood, people who has it can and will still function as normal human being and can even be equally successful as everybody. In plain language, dyslexia is a learning difficulty that affects reading, writing and spelling (Daily Mail, 2012).
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Although such a class may prove difficult to handle, a knowledgeable teacher can alleviate the problem by paying closer attention to such cases in a general classroom so as to enable them have a feeling of acceptance, and comfort, since friendliness is very essential in the development of human confidence.

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These problems have adverse impacts on higher learning since instructions continue becoming more complex, and the tasks require high level of organizational,
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in of the child and such a child actually needs special teaching and help so that normal learning can happen in school and the child can come out in flying colors in his life. Teachers play a major role in the detection, evaluation and management of dyslexic children and hence
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The dyslexic children usually demonstrate capabilities in some aspects of learning but may have some persistent difficulties that are not common even in the weak students in school. Dyslexic children may perform well but may fail to understand some important aspects in learning such as spelling and pronunciation.
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Even though there are many definitions available for the disorder called dyslexia, it is important to refer to the definition of “The
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This paper is divided into five sections, in the first section introduction is given, and then in the second section literature review is discussed in detail. In the third section methodology of the paper is elaborated, followed by discussion and analysis in the forth section. The last section concludes the report with recommendations also given at the end.
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Majority of people with DRD have usual intelligence and several have above average intelligence (Jones KM et.al, October 2004). Ahissar M (November, 2007), DRD can exist in a combination of
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Developmental dyslexia: specific phonological deficit or general sensorimotor dysfunction
(Ward, 2009) Development dyslexia is failure to get reading skills affecting around 5% children despite the fact that adequate intelligence, social
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