Summary to essay on topic "Jean Paul Sartre was a philosopher"
Jean Paul Sartre was a philosopher, not a novelist or playwright.1 He was a philosopher, whose epistemic stance was immediately influenced by the twentieth century's unrelenting destruction of ideals and idols, and the annihilation of heroes and heroism; by a century which had witnessed not one, but two world wars; by a century which had exposed the boundless human capacity for brutality and man's limitless ingenuity at inflicting pain and suffering upon others; a century which had witnessed the invasion of France, the treachery of the Vichy government and the collapse of the Third, Fourth and Fifth French Republics…
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Nowhere is this more evident that in his one-act play, "Huis Clos." A dialogical exposition of the hellish nothingness which pervades three characters, "Huis Clos" does not simply emanate from within Sartrian existentialism but, may be defined as an enactment of it, with each of the characters therein personifying a particular aspect of this complex philosophical construct. Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "Jean Paul Sartre was a philosopher" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now Understanding "Huis Clos" and appreciating it as an enactment of, and metaphor for, Sartrian existentialism, necessitates identifying and defining Sartre's existentialist concerns and conceptualisations.
Sartre' existentialist concerns and his perception of the human condition are, according to some critics, most concisely and precisely expressed in his Being versus Nothingness treatise.3 In L'Etre et le Nant, Sartre explicates his philosophical conceptualisation of human existence and the relation between man and himself, man and others and man and the environment within which he exists.4 Within the context of these relationships, man wavers between being and nothingness. Assuming that life has meaning, that the universe has some grand design, man is forever striving for meaning, convinced that he will attain being-hood once he has found meaning to his life. This quest is erroneously predicated on the belief that meaning, thus, being, is attained through others. Man believes his life acquires meaning, that he attains being-hood, from the positive perceptions and opinions that others may have of him. However, within Sartrian philosophy, this definition of being is nothing.5
Man's overwhelming predilection to define himself through the perception and opinion of others and his unwavering tendency to assume that he, accordingly, acquires being-hood, is inherently false. From the Sartrian existentialist perspective, it is false insofar as it assumes that life has meaning and creation has a noble purpose. Life, however, has no meaning and can only be defined as a void, as nothingness.6 Furthermore, the attempt to derive meaning, identity from the perception of others is a form of self-annihilation or a determined attempt to suppress the consciousness, or the authentic self. It is only when man accepts his authentic self, embraces nothingness, and realises that meaning emerges from within him, that he can acquire being-hood.7
Sartre's conceptualisation of being and nothingness is remarkably complex and if misunderstood, would seem self-negating. On the one hand, he claims that man lives in a void and that nothingness is the definitive feature of the human condition. He further maintains that the quest for being from without the self is futile.8 On the other hand, Sartre contends that the embrace of nothingness and the realisation of the void within which we live and which defines the human condition can lead to something. Not only that but he further asserts that once man realises that meaning cannot be imposed from without but, resides within the self, man can aspire towards being-hood. In this case, being is an outcome of the conscious realisation, and
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The foundational element of this philosophy is the notion that existence precedes essence. That is to say, Sartre believed that rather than the individual’s personality being an innate and genetically established event, it was a aspect of existence that was determined in the changing nature of our daily lives; existence representing the self, and essence representing the articulation of this self-concept.
This is the point of Sartre’s existentialism. It is then expected that with such a philosophy, people begin asking “So, it does not matter what you do?” or where does God or rules fit into this philosophy? The accusations and objections are relentless.
Throughout these texts, the murderer protagonist commits the crime and must face the consequences of his actions. These actions inevitably lead the murderers to a state of victimization as each suffers drastically as a result of their own actions. As contemporaries, both Camus and Sartre both held a similar philosophy of existentialism, and this is reflected strongly in all of their literary works.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that Sartre’s Existentialism is fascinating but not quite able to answer some alarming questions in a logical format. Sartre tried for most of his adult life to eradicate ‘God’ from the world. Sartre’s Existentialism is a witness to his work.
Seeking to discuss Sean Paul Sartre will without analyzing elements of existentialism would be similar to discussing George Washington without ever mentioning the United States. As a function of this level of comparison, the following analysis will use a particular quote from Sartre with reference to his feelings concerning the condition of nausea and use this is a vehicle to understand the theory of existentialism.
Hence, individuals need to choose between options in order to survive and set example for the others. Thus, if one chooses a ruthless course of action for the sake of integrity eventually it becomes an optional path for the civilization; conclusively, it is the consciousness of one’s liberty.
Both were equally interested in humans and their state of Being or non-being.
Sartre's exististentialism talks about absolute individuality and utter freedom. He said people are ultimately alone, 'isolated islands of subjectivity in an objective world'. Human beings have absolute control over the internal nature and all value sources of the individual are internal, and this means, he owns them, and along with it, his destiny.
Jean-Paul Sartre is a well known philosopher who has one of the most well known opinions in regards to both of these subjects, and that is that he thinks that existentialism is actually humanism in itself. This belief of his has been debated on and battled by others, and in order to be able to come to a proper and informed conclusion in regards to any of this, we have to discuss what existentialism and humanism are, as well as what Sartre's thinking is in regards to this matter, and by doing this we will be able to become incredibly more critically understanding of this subject matter overall.
He was affectionately called Poulou. Following the passing of his father at such a tender age, he grew up with his grandfather, Karl 'Charles' Schweitzer (Jean-Paul Sartre 1905-1980) and his wife in Paris, but moved with his mother to La Rochelle, when she remarried in 1917.
Sartre was able to question some of the established beliefs among the people with respect to religion and science. He asked the people to search in their inner self to find out reasons for their existence instead of searching somewhere else.
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