Summary to essay on topic "The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status (SES) and Corporal Punishment"
In the long history of research on child well-being, few constructs have received greater attention than socioeconomic status (SES). Although social scientists do not fully agree on precisely what SES represents, and they have proposed multiple different mechanisms linking SES to child well-being, there is near universal agreement that higher SES children have access to more of the resources needed to support their positive development than do lower SES children…
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Despite significant support for such broad generalizations, many questions remain regarding relations among SES, parenting, and child growth.
The expressions physical punishment and corporal punishment are employed here as synonyms to refer to an action by parents intended to cause the child physical hurting, Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status (SES) and Corporal Punishment" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now but not injury, for purposes of correction or control of misconduct. The 1975 and 1985 National Family Violence Surveys discovered that about 95% of American parents use corporal punishment as just cleared. This is consistent with a large number of other studies (Straus, 1991) and with the faith that corporal punishment is used by parents with tots or young children.
Public health advocates have described corporal punishment as "a form of interfamilial violence associated with short and long-term adverse mental health outcomes" (Stewart et al., 2000, p. 257). Corporal punishment in the United States presents a complex picture, with high but decreasing rates of general approval, and a population increasingly divided regarding its use (Straus & Mathur, 1994). The approval of corporal punishment in the United States decreased dramatically from 94% in 1978 to 68% in 1994 (Straus & Mathur, 1996). Whereas in 1978 there was almost universal approval in the United States for parents spanking children, regardless of demographic variables, by 1994 disagreements were evident, with greater approval noted among African Americans, Southerners, and those with fewer years of formal education (Straus & Mathur, 1996). Unfortunately, data concerning Latinos are limited. Frequently, Latinos are simply excluded from the sample or are miscoded as African American or White (Ortega, Guillean, & Najera, 1996).
The actual use of corporal punishment in the United States is also decreasing (Dart & Gelles, 1992; Straus, 1994). Even so, corporal punishment is still used widely, and Giles-Sims, Straus, and Sugarman (1995) have reported that "almost all children in the United States are spanked by their parents at some point in their lives" (p. 170).
For parents to give up corporal punishment, they need to establish an effective alternative system of instruction and discipline. Research supports the notion that three kinds of parenting behaviors constitute such a system: those that promote the parent-child relationship, those that reinforce positive behaviors, and those that decrease undesired behaviors (Howard, 1996). Parents who resort to frequent or severe corporal punishment are likely to rely too much on punitive techniques, without using the other methods. They may underutilize other ways to gain compliance: through building their relationship with their children, reinforcing positive behaviors, and decreasing undesired behaviors through means other than punishment (e.g., distracting the child).
Male gender, lower socioeconomic status, comorbid analysis of ADHD, positive parental history of mental illness
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However, the developments achieved by Caribbean youths are still within and an imagery status that they are underdeveloped is being exhibited. The educational career of Caribbean youths are subjected to various types of constrains, since the cultural environment in which they pursue their education is quite different from that of their homeland culture.
Among these people the count of children is more. There are many children who are not made to live without shelter for even a single day but because of miss happenings and unconditional activities these small little lives have to accept these situations. Many organizations and societies are there who are helping these children’s by providing food, shelter and clothes.
This issue raises a huge concern for the wellbeing of the children or young adults which is why discussing it with the help of research facts and valid reasons remains highly important. Corporal punishment is basically about deliberate infliction of pain on the students by the supervisors or teachers in response to any offensive action taken by them as a way of restraining bad behavior.
Thesis Corporal punishment causes more harm than good, because it results in great psychical and emotional sufferings of children but does not improve their behavior and attitudes.
Corporal punishment should be prohibited because violence breeds violence.
The author states that individuals of lower individual and household education were significantly more likely to experience insomnia. Results obtained by the researches showed that the relationship between SES measures and risk factors was strongest and most consistent for education. Higher risk was associated with lower levels of education.
In a child’s point-of-view, pain becomes equated to misbehavior, as more misbehavior leads to more pain. On the other hand, there are cases in which a single misbehavior leads to more harsh infliction of pain. Anger, combined with the will to inflict pain does
Naturally, the parent should try to assess the situation first in order not to put the child in a dangerous situation like, thus it would be stupid to think about leaving him or her in a dark alley at night. One advantage of this is that the parent himself will not be held responsible for any act of corporal punishment that is in turn punishable by the law.
Low income and education have proved to be major determinants of mental and physical health problems so far experienced by people globally. In most cases, the poor working environment in which people reside and operate