Osteoporosis is one of the leading ailments that plague the aging population, although it can occur to anyone regardless of age. In this regard, it is vital to know more about this condition so as to effectively promote its prevention and treatment. This paper intends to provide an overview about osteoporosis through the discussion of risk factors, causes, symptoms as well as treatment and preventive measures that could be undertaken.
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Such process continues until one reaches the age of 30 when the bone mass or density peaks. (Anderson)
However, when osteoporosis sets in, the normal replenishment of old bone tissue is substantially disrupted ("The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia"). Given this disorder, the calcium and protein from the bone are depleted. Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "Osteoporosis" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now This results in abnormal bone quality or reduced bone density. As such, bones inflicted with osteoporosis can be severely fractured through cracking or collapsing with only a minor fall or injury that would not usually lead to a serious bone damage. ("MedicineNet")
One of the primary causes of osteoporosis is related to age. After age 30, the normal process of growth of new bone and absorption of existing bone by the body starts to reverse. Deemed as part of the aging process, bone dissolves and is absorbed at a faster rate that new bone is made, thus, bone becomes thinner. This condition is also aggravated by insufficient consumption of calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus. ("American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists")
Another cause of osteoporosis specifically in women is the decrease in the production of estrogen, a hormone considered to provide protection against bone loss. The increase in bone loss is said to occur around menopause ("American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists"). In the same way, men become more prone to suffer from osteoporosis when production of testosterone declines. With this, men aged above 65 typically experience osteoporosis.
As mentioned, the probability of developing osteoporosis is augmented as one ages due to the thinning of the bones. Note that both men and women lose around 0.4% of bone per year on the average after reaching age 30 ("American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists"). However, osteoporosis does not usually have an effect on afflicted patients until they reach 60 years old ("WebMD").
In terms of gender, women generally have relatively smaller frames and lighter bones as compared to men. As such, women are said to be almost four times more likely to contract osteoporosis that men (Anderson). The reduction in estrogen and testosterone also increases the risk of osteoporosis in both women and men, respectively. The decrease in the production of these hormones that help maintain normal levels of calcium and other minerals required for normal bone regeneration, usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. ("American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists")
Other risk factors identified include smoking and alcohol use. Based on studies, smokers are observed to lose bone thickness faster than non-smokers. Meanwhile, excessive consumption of alcohol is said to cause bone growth reduction and increased risk of falling. It should be highlighted though that studies also show a correlation between moderate alcohol use and higher bone thickness. With this, most doctors prescribe limiting but not completely eliminating alcohol consumption. ("WebMD")
Moreover, sedentary lifestyle or lack in weight-bearing exercises such as walking, jogging, stair climbing and dancing among others increase the risk of bone-mass loss ("The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia"). In line with this, a diet consisting of protein and
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According to Sirduso and MacRae (2005: 4), “the term aging refers to a process or group of processes occurring in living organisms that with the passage of time lead to a loss of adaptability, functional impairment, and eventual death” . The effects of aging on the human body can create a great number of consequences for the individual who experiences the changes and deteriorations of their body.
In most cases, osteoporosis begins to develop early in life but is often diagnosed in old people especially women. Bone formation and firming up occurs before one reaches the age of 25 and requires large intake of calcium. After this age, people with reduced bone mass have the risk of developing Osteoporosis.
It affects skeletal structure of the body making it weak and fragile. Generally, an osteoporosis patient is above 50 years of age. The number of women getting affected by this disease is more than men. The bones remain strong till the age of 20 however as the age of a person increases the risk of osteoporosis also increases.
These deformations greatly reduce surface area for gaseous exchange (Green 2007). The chest expands to compensate because of reduced ventilation, the capacity to give out carbon dioxide in damaged.
Hyperventilation cannot compensate for this and hence vasoconstriction ensues leading to hypertension.
What is Osteoporosis?
The most common fracture to the neck of the femur is classified into three main groups:
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Experts have specified that number of older people suffering from osteoporosis will continue to increase with increment in world population. Eighty percent of abovementioned sufferers are women, and particularly women older than fifty years of age. Besides different risk factors, ethnicity plays a significant role in the development of osteoporosis.
tomer’s attention to the specific element calcium, vitamin D and the drug, biphosphonate, popularly known to be prescribed to osteoporosis patients. Nowadays, osteoporosis is one of the common problems not only of women but men as well so the drug is potentially important in
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Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones. It refers to a condition that weakens the bones and makes them more vulnerable to fracture, which in turn cause severe pain and may also lead to disability. Many people around the world are at risk of Osteoporosis because of their low bone mass. Loss of bone mass is a silent disease.
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