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Psychology of Observational Learning in Childhood: - Essay Example

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Summary to essay on topic "Psychology of Observational Learning in Childhood:"
The following exploration will consider the theory psychology of observations in childhood then apply it to the child character Zack in "Kindergarten Cop". It will consider also the theory behind the psychology of a child observing a violent parenting relationship and the importance of having a role model in the educational system in order to combat the negatives such observations can create…
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Download file "Psychology of Observational Learning in Childhood:" to see previous pages... When he finally tracks down Culler, it seems that Culler's ex-wife was the only person who could testify against him. So John is sent to Oregon to track down Culler's wife and son, and there he's faced with the toughest assignments of his life; which was to be a kindergarten teacher. In his class John notices a boy named Zack,
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who has bruises on his body which shows that he is a victim of physical abuse and so is his mother. But whenever John tries to talk to Mrs. Sullivan, she avoids him as well as other parents who come to pick their kids after school. And unless Mrs. Sullivan pressed charges against her husband, she and her son Zack would remain victims of Mr. Sullivan's physical abuse, and the school administration totally helpless to protect the child.
To record my finding I used the narrative observation technique to record the behavioral problems of my subject, a kindergarten child named Zack Sullivan, who is a character in the movie; "Kindergarten Cop." I used the visual representation of the data collected and kept a checklist of the target behavior. I then give an explanation of the data, followed by an analysis.Observational or social learning, which is also know as the social learning theory is related to the observer's behavioral changes that take place after viewing the behavior or a model. The behavior of an observer may be affected by the negative or positive consequences, also know as vicarious punishments or vicarious reinforcement of a model's behavior. Observational learning, which is primarily based on Albert Bandura's work (1966) believes that since observers can only acquire perceptual and other implicit responses which resemble the sequences of modeling stimuli while they are occurring, therefore, the symbolic processes that mediate subsequent behavioral reproductions must play a prominent role in observational learning. With the help of experiments, Bandura and his colleagues were able to demonstrate that for learning to take place, the application of consequences was not necessary, rather it could occur simply by observing someone else perform an activity.
Limitations
Although the observation method of watching Zack and writing down his behavior during the different appearances in the movie was quite effective, but the limitations of this observation were the shortage of time we could closely observe Zack and his behavior. The written record of observation, performance and participation does not provide us with enough data for research hypotheses. The target checklist and the written observations do not reveal much information as the subject was observed for a few minutes in each class scene. However, greater number of observational sessions, spread over longer periods of time would surely reveal accurate information of the behavioral problems of Zack or children like him and thus help the individual with the most suitable psychological therapy.
Thus we conclude that observing behavior in a natural setting is an important part of the evaluation process and observations should occur in familiar places so that the individual is comfortable and has the opportunity to demonstrate ...Download file "Psychology of Observational Learning in Childhood:" to see next pagesRead More
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