Summary to essay on topic "Domestic Violence and Developmental Psychology"
Psychology can be applied from two perspective axis. The vertical axis can be behavioral psychology, psicoanalysis, humanist psychology, or transpersonal psychology (spiritual psychology). The horizontal axis is developmental psychology since it deals with the different stages of a lifespan of anybody…
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The Centre for Children & Families in the Justice System of the London Family Court Clinic Inc has published several research studies about domestic violence that take into account the perspectives of developmental psychology as a working framework. Baker, Jaffe, Ashbourne, and Carter published "An Early Childhood Educator's Handbook" with the title of "Children Exponed to Domestic Violence". Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "Domestic Violence and Developmental Psychology" with a personal 20% discount.. Try it now Cunningham and Baker published a comprehensive study entitled "What About Me Seeking to Understand a Child's View on Violence in the Family". These works are very helpful to deal with the issue of domestic violence from the point of view of developmental psychology since they take a humanistic psychology standpoint.
It is important to note that humanistic psychology emerged in the 1950's as the "third force" in Psychology (Association for Humanistic Psychology, 2001; Van Wagner, 2008b). The "first force" was behavioral psychology, and the "second force" was psychoanalysis. Now the "fourth force" seems to be transpersonal psychology or spiritual psychology (Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, 2003). But the research studies by the London Family Court Clinic Inc mentioned above take a humanistic psychology standpoint when they undertake their developmental psychology approach on domestic violence. ...
The name Humanistic Psychology was finally chosen to acknowledge indebtedness both to classical humanism of ancient Greece and to the great humanist scholars of the Renaissance. Humanistic psychology rejected the medical sickness model and embraced a growth and emancipation model of healing. These ideas were echoed in the radical psychiatry of R. D. Laing and the anti-psychiatry movements of David Cooper in the U.K., Thomas Szaz in the U.S.A., and Franco Basaglia in Italy." (2005, p. 2).
In this sense, the point is to deal with psychology from the point of view of health, not of illness.
On the other hand, developmental psychology is described in the following terms by Van Wagner:
"Development describes the growth of humans throughout the lifespan, from conception to death. The scientific study of human development seeks to understand and explain how and why people change throughout life. This includes all aspects of human growth, including physical, emotional, intellectual, social, perceptual, and personality development. () The scientific study of development is important not only to psychology, but also to sociology, education, and health care. Development does not just involve the biological and physical aspects of growth, but also the cognitive and social aspects associated with development throughout life." (2008a) (See also Hola.co.uk, 2006).
The main issues of developmental psychology are enumerated as follows by Van Wagner:
"Nature vs. Nurture ()
"Early Experience vs. Later Experience ()
"Continuity vs. Discontinuity ()
"Abnormal Behavior vs. Individual Differences (2008a).
On the issue of domestic violence, the following terms are explained by Baker, Jaffe, Ashbourne, and Carter:
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Even though violence between family members is common nowadays, the clashes between the husbands and the wives are causing more problems than anything else. Domestic violence is a behavior used by one person in a relationship to control the other. Partners may be married or not married; heterosexual, gay, or lesbian; living together, separated or dating” (Domestic Violence: Definition, 2009).
This study will appraise issues regarding different regions and their perspectives, gender roles, attitudes towards violence, family repute, family involvement, involvement of governmental agencies (fear of husbands going to jail and a subsequent loss of main source of support), and attitudes toward the dominant culture ( as it relates to seeking services).
Observational learning undeniably forms a big chunk of the vast subject of developmental psychology and its contribution to motivating children for engaging in different sort of activities cannot be ignored. This is because children are almost always supposed to be doing what they commonly observe in their everyday lives.
According to the paper domestic violence escalates during pregnancy. It is the leading cause of birth defects in newborns and the major cause of miscarriages. Nurses have necessary potential and competence in supporting victims of domestic violence. They may act as advocates providing counselling services and listening to battered women. The nurse should also be able to devise long-term strategies for women who are victims of abuse.
The statistics of domestic violence can be termed as “alarming” from a global perspective. Nevertheless, it is important to note that the documentation, definition, perception, and awareness differ from one country to another.
Normally, domestic violence includes various types of physical and mental cruelty ranging from a slap or shove, to a punch or kick, and to the more extreme manifestations of violence such as suffocation, strangulation, attempted murder and murder. Significantly, the behavior that is generally known as domestic violence can take on various aspects such as physical assault, sexual abuse, and psychological abuse.
The societal violence in the United States has enveloped family lives as well. Violence creeps quietly and firmly into living rooms via television and its contents. This source misguides its viewers in adopting unrealistic and cinematic use of violence in real life situations in homesteads and outside.
In many abusive relationships, the welfare of the child or children of the couple is ignored even though they are witnessing abuse, and experiencing trauma. “Children who witness domestic violence are more likely to attempt suicide, abuse drugs and alcohol, run away from home and engage in teenage prostitution”.
The author of the paper states that domestic violence does not occur within a certain ethnicity, race, religion or economic status, it prevails everywhere. In most cases the abuser is male as stated by the Home Affairs Select Committee (HASC), and usually the female or a child is the victim.