Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Intelligence Testing - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
It is very difficult to define intelligence. Even the scientific community is divided on the issue of intelligence. The closest that we could get to associate anything with intelligence is the brain. It is functionally the brain which holds the emotional, dimensional, analytical and procedural features of intelligence.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful
Intelligence Testing
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Intelligence Testing"

Download file to see previous pages Intelligence could be honed through concentration and discipline. Again, the degree of grasping power of an individual may give him supremacy, average or below average ratings as against those of his peers. (Measurement of Intelligence)
It is possible to effectively measure intelligence by means of intelligence tests. Intelligence tests are invariably designed to evaluate traits, understanding and the candidate's grasp of any specific issue.
Normally these tests are sets of objective questions to evaluate verbal, numerical and spatial abilities. They begin with simple, easy-to-answer type problems followed by more difficult ones progressively. They also vary in range and scope.
For instance, there may be one set of fifty questions where the candidate is required to answer all questions within a specific time period. Then, there may be another set of fifty questions where the answers have to be correct but it is not necessary to answer all the questions. Yet another set of fifty questions may attract deduction in scores for every wrong answer. To pass the test the candidate needs to score minimum 80/100.
The ultimate purpose of evaluation is served with the use of different sets of problems that help reveal the candidate's traits and capabilities for any specific reason or general assessment. (Human Intelligence)
Spearman's two-factor theory of int...
They begin with simple, easy-to-answer type problems followed by more difficult ones progressively. They also vary in range and scope.
For instance, there may be one set of fifty questions where the candidate is required to answer all questions within a specific time period. Then, there may be another set of fifty questions where the answers have to be correct but it is not necessary to answer all the questions. Yet another set of fifty questions may attract deduction in scores for every wrong answer. To pass the test the candidate needs to score minimum 80/100.
The ultimate purpose of evaluation is served with the use of different sets of problems that help reveal the candidate's traits and capabilities for any specific reason or general assessment. (Human Intelligence)
3. What are the similarities and differences between Spearman's two-factor theory of intelligence and the information processing view of intelligence (Carroll's Three-Stratum Theory)
3.1 Similarities:
Both Charles Edward Spearman and John B. Carroll dwell on cognitive factors analysis in their observations.
Spearman was "pioneer in factor analysis, theories of intelligence, and mental test theory. He established that these three factors were not independent of each other." (Richard H. Williams et al)
Carroll's "three-stratum theory of cognitive abilities specifies the kinds of individual differences in cognitive abilities and how these differences are related to each other." (John B. Carroll)
3.2 Differences:
Spearman's two-factor theory of intelligence concentrates on the reliability and validity of the intelligence tests. He used mathematical methods and psychological studies to pioneer research efforts. His work paved the way for the application of statistical methods to the study of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Intelligence Testing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Intelligence Testing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Intelligence Testing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Intelligence Testing

Intelligence Testing, Eugenics, and the State Boys Rebellion

... with sub-normal intelligence will also be elaborated in the paper along with estimating the present status of intelligence testing. The study will also throw light on the Fernald School experience, which serves as a milestone in revealing the scientific experiments being conducted on the orphans with taking prior permission from them or their guardians. Consequently, the paper will present a comprehensive picture of the intelligence measures have been in vogue in the contemporary US culture. Section I Exploration of human mind and the capabilities it contains has always been a subject of vital interest for the biologists, psychologists and social scientists alike, where analyzing the source and magnitude of intelligence growth enjoys...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Intelligence Testing, Eugenics, and the State Boys Rebellion

..., better, utopian society free of baggage of the weaker elements of society. To paraphrase Darwinian Theory that the eugenics movement borrowed from, only the fittest were fit to survive and reproduce. In the wake of the eugenics movement, measurements of various aspects of human beings were devised to categorize people into fit and unfit. Intelligence testing was one of these. Intelligence was a key aspect towards recognition as fit to breed. People of lower intelligence were sterilized and or segregated. Elimination, though considered in the United States, thankfully never came to pass as it did in Nazi Germany. One of the institutions into which people who did not pass the intelligence test were confined in was the Fenarld School...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

IQ Testing: Assessing a Persons Intelligence

...IQ Testing: Assessing a Person’s Intelligence Fagan III asserts that people have been defining intelligence “as how much one knows rather than as how well one processes” (2000, p.168) and normally IQ scores show the extent knowledge of a person when compared to other people his age. However, intelligence is more related to the processing of information that one’s brain possesses and how one can perform “certain elementary cognitive tasks” (Fagan III) based on that processing. The purpose of an IQ test is to measure this cognitive ability of a person as compared to his peers. In the education sector, the IQ testing can predict very early the intellectual disability of a person hence making him qualify for special programs. This means...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Intelligence, Testing and Discrimination

...?INTELLIGENCE, TESTING AND DISCRIMINATION Introduction Intelligence is defined differently by scholars but it basically includes a person’s abilities to comprehend ideas, learn, engage in various forms of reasoning, plan and solve problems. Moreover, intelligence comprises abilities of abstract thought, emotional knowledge, visual processing and reaction time. The major models of intelligence include: Sternberg’s, Gardner’s, the Fluid and crystallized abilities and the Cattel-Horn-Carroll Theory. According to Framingham (2011, p. 1) intelligent quotient is a theoretical measure of general intelligence. He asserts that IQ tests do not measure the specific intelligence of a person but rather assess what is held as important ingredients...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Historical and Conceptual Development of Intelligence Testing in Psychology

According to Richard & Lisa (2000) one’s psychological ability and strength is very significant in their social and professional life. This is because it may enable them to acquire a good public opinion and positions. People with greater IQs are regarded as leaders in the social setting a position many people admire. Due to this the society gives preferences to people with outstanding psychological abilities to take on complex matters (Jeroen, 2003). The testing also gives employees the chance to choose people with the psychological preference of their choice (Gardner, 2006). In these modern days, the test is based under the field of psycho-metrics- the scientific approach in the study of psychological characteristics (Hunt, 2010...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Psychological Testing - Wechsler intelligence scale for children

...Psychological Testing: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children In APA Style In partial fulfillment of the requirements for (Subject) (Professor) (Date) Introduction Intelligence testing in children is necessary for several reasons. By using an intelligence test, school administrators and teachers can determine learning disabilities, access a child’s true ability, and to track a child’s development. I Q tests are not just used by educators, but for clinical use as well. Abnormal and normal IQ results can give testers an idea about problems with children. Cognitive levels can also be determined by an IQ test. Children can be helped due to IQ tests as well. Low scores can be the result of mental disabilities, learning disabilities...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Intelligence Testing, Eugenics, and The State Boys Rebellion

...INTRODUCTION The ideology of eugenics is most commonly associated with the death camps, and forced sterilization regimens of Nazi Germany. And yet before the United States awakened to the potential consequences of this policy of systematic devaluation of human life, there was a substantial American contribution to eugenics theory and practice in the early 20th century, the zenith of the movement occurring in the 1920s and 30s. Originating with Francis Galton, the English intellectual and proto-geneticist, who coined the term eugenics itself over a career spanning hundreds of publications which included rudimentary intelligence tests and theories of heredity. (Galton, 1869, 1883) His work was built upon by others, notably Alfred Thomas...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay


...Testing Intelligence Testing Intelligence According to William (2008), IQ tests are standardized to give certain scores used to obtain intelligence quotient of an individual. These tests measure the cognitive abilities of an individual in relation to their age. IQ is articulated as a normalized numeral to ensure that the standard IQ is 100 in any age bracket. Scores of an IQ tests should comply with the principle of the bell curve, or they will be nullified. Q1.The results of the web-based intelligent tests can be regarded as accurate. This accuracy of the results derives from the fact that the questions were direct and free of ambiguity. Secondly, the questions were based on a category (verbal test), which calls for a unique way...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review

Intelligence testing article analysis

Intelligence is a that is greatly talked about, within the discipline of psychology (Collins, 2012). There is no specific definition of this term intelligence, however, some experts on psychology suggest that intelligence encompasses a single general ability (Blair, 2006). Other experts believe that it encompasses a wide range of skills, talents, and aptitudes (Collins (2012). One of the major theories that talks about intelligence is the triarchic theory. This theoretical framework was developed by Robert Sternberg, and it gives a definition of intelligence as a mental activity which is directed towards a purposive adaption to the selection and shaping of a real world environment that is relevant to the life of an individual....
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Intelligence testing report

...potential via interview. Thus, I would highly recommend implementation of intelligence testing within the college’s admission policy. Need for intelligence testing As far as our institution provides educational services in various directions including football academy, art courses, BTEC and others, there is the need to develop an elaborate testing strategy for the candidates applying for different majors. The body of psychological researches indicates including Ellis (2013) state, that intelligence testing has been a helpful procedure both for sorting out candidates for special classes and for adjusting curriculum and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Lab Report

To What Extent Does the Concept of Emotional Intelligence Point Towards a New Means of Controlling Workers

Weber believed that ‘the specialized experts organized into smoothly functioning units by the bureaucratic managers would provide these elite managers with a decision-making ability foreign to the parliaments and the courts’ (Glassman et al., 1984, 5). However, in order for the role of managers within bureaucratic environments to be understood, it is necessary to proceed to a thorough examination to the structure and the characteristics of such an environment under normal social and political conditions.

Moreover, the acceptance of Weber’s views on bureaucracy has led to the assumption that bureaucracy (Fry, 1989, 41) ‘is not necessarily rational, it may not be efficient, that other forms of orga...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

This mentality was the outcome of evolution, yet besides the well-documented evolutionary theory, there is one intrinsic aspect that can elucidate the cognitive and behavioral aptitude of these early humans, the concepts of worldview and paradigm. Worldviews are defined as a specific viewpoint and response to both the natural and the cultural milieu in which a collective of individuals live. They consequently produce worldviews based on their heuristic propensity to interpret their environmental and social settings (Schaefer, 1995, p.245). In a more particular tone, Koltko-Rivera (2004, p. 3) distinguished worldview as a group of hypotheses focused on the physical and social reality that can powerfully reduce effects on mental abi...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

The National Drug Intelligence Center

...The National Drug Intelligence Center One of the most common crime in the United s nowadays is of drug trafficking. This lucrative business has become a trend in the American society and is increasingly becoming a threat for the state. Just before this crime could become a national issue the government of United States realized its potential and formed several intelligence agencies which would look after the drug traffickers. The National Drug Intelligence Center is the formation of government of United States in this regard. It was formed in 1993 and is operating till date. The NDIC has proved quite successful in achieving its tasks and has proved as an asset to the United States. This essay would further describe the agency in detail...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Intelligence and the War on Drugs

When the Ronald Reagan Administration initiated its famous War on Drugs program in the 1980s with the catchy slogan “Just Say No”, the focus of the program was not exclusively Mexico. At that time, different pockets of Latin America posed threats of varying degrees, including Columbia and Brazil. But due to its proximity to the United States, and the increase in demand for cocaine and marijuana, Mexico has emerged as the greatest threat in recent decades. Compounding the problem of drug trafficking is the internal political chaos in Mexico. The Mexican governments of past and present have tried various methods and tactics for bringing the drug cartels under control but to no avail. It is a reflection of the governments...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Syscos Need for Business Intelligence Software

...Running Head: Cisco Case Study Introduction Sysco is essentially a food distribution company. It has various autonomous working divisions. The IT infrastructure of Sysco soon became obsolete. As a result, a lot of technical expertise was needed to extract useful data and predict the course of future demands and happenings. This demanded that immediate actions be taken which was not a very easy task. There was a lot of configuration and development that had to be done on the new software. This was because both the Enterprise Resource Program System and the data ware housing that Sysco was using was unable to keep up with the fast pace growth and the ever increasing data load. The paper focuses on Sysco’s need for Business Intelligence...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Galtons Definition of Intelligence, Sternbergs Model, and Spearmans Model

Galton’s definition of intelligence is different from Sternberg, Spearman and Gardner’s definition of intelligence as he considers the physical traits of human beings like eyesight, reflex actions, strength, etc., as aspects of intelligence while other psychologists consider only the mental abilities of human beings as aspects of intelligence. They do not consider the physical traits of human beings as part of their intelligence.

Robert Sternberg (1988) proposed a theory of intelligence called ‘triarchic theory’ as according to him, intelligence consists of three aspects interacting with each other (Davidson & Downing, 2000, p.42). The first aspect is the internal skill of information process...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Self-Analysis and Emotional Intelligence Assessment

... the concept of “self-regulation” another facet of emotional intelligence that involves holding back potentially harmful impulses, outbursts, and communication in order to function well in business (p. 85). Self-regulation trickles down: “fewer bad moods at the top mean fewer throughout the organization” (Goleman, 2004, p. 86). With each assessment I took, I found more and more interrelatedness between the attributes that were being tested. Of course, self-awareness is related to all of these assessments, and stress management impacts everyone. However, I never expected to discover such a profound relationship between emotions and business. I realized that Goleman’s self-regulation concept is present in many aspects of the communication...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Intelligence Collection Management

Intelligence collection management always aims for a valuable person having valuable pieces of information which can be a source of benefit for the company. The whole process of acquiring, organizing and making the intelligence information useful for the security agencies is also termed as the Intelligence Collection Plan. The creation of the Intelligence Action plan is also an important part because it is related to the management of the processes. The analysts must have an Intelligence Plan before any further development is done in this process.
Intelligence collection management is actually meant for a process of arranging and organizing all the possible available intelligence information or material which can be helpful f...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

The US Intelligence Community

These contribute to several challenges faced by the IC today1.
For example, the Japanese fleet’s attack on Pearl Harbor, which was a surprise attack and the subsequent entrance of America into the Second World War, illustrated the need to re-engineer the outdated policies and organization of the IC. The changes made by the U.S. in the IC, which occasioned from World War II are still palpable today2. Some changes were later made when the Senate Committees came together with the aim of investigating the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), National Security Agency (NSA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to evaluate the possible abuses of power that transpired in the preceding years.<...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Cultural Intelligence

Questions regarding the IQ level of highly regarded individuals such as Albert Einstein or Helen Keller fuelled the need to comprehend human intelligence (Sternberg, 1982). The study of cultural intelligence is essential and relevant as it enables the understanding of the factors that influence cultural intelligence, its development, and relevance to an interaction between cultures and business activities worldwide.
Researchers defined intelligence as the ability to grasp concepts and solve problems, particularly in an academic setting (Ang & Van, 2008). Later, it became apparent that intelligence exists beyond the classroom environment. According to Francis Galton, human intelligence is a low-level property of the nervo...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Intelligence Testing for FREE!

Contact Us