StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
1. In rare instances a wake encounter could cause inflight structural damage of catastrophic proportions. In 1972 at Fort Worth a DC-9 got too close to a DC-10 (two miles back), rolled, caught a wingtip, and cartwheeled coming to rest in an inverted position on the runway…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers"

Download file to see previous pages To determine this, they used black box information, traffic cams, computer simulations and the voice of the pilot himself, who died in the crash attributed the accident to such diverse causes and engine failure, flaws in composite materials and terrorism.[2] After 3 years of investigation the NTSB attributed the catastrophe to structural damage caused or exacerbated by wake turbulence with black box information and the voice of the pilot himself, who died in the crash, confirming this.
The first statement made on the cockpit voice recorder ,disclosed by the FTSB, was a reference by the pilot to the distance between him and the plane in front of him, a Japan Airlines Boeing747 which had taken off less than 2 minutes before him, responding to the air traffic controllers concerns about wake turbulence.
Lift is generated by a difference of pressure over the surface of the wing. The lower pressure happens above the wing surface while the higher pressure is underneath. This differential causes the air to roll off the wings and trail down from the tips, forming two vortices like tornadoes, rotating out in different directions. Like the wake of a ship, two vessels that pass each other have observable wave action. Boats do it, and so do planes. When one plane passes too closely to another it encounters the wake of air waves. You can't see it, but you feel it. A plane with a lesser wing span looses it mirrored directions, like the wake of a ship. Two vessels that pass each other have observable wave action. Boats do it, and so do planes. When one plane passes too closely to another it encounters the wake of air waves. You can't see it, but you feel it. A plane with a lesser wing span loses its righting moment. Displaced air has some semblance of predictable movement, however; like water, that motion is highly fluid, being influenced by many factors. Such turbulence compromises the ability of pilots to control aircraft, navigators to direct it and the safety of passengers in planes. The range of an airborne wake from a large plane is less than 5 miles.[4]
The pilot acknowledged the concern of the ATCO on the radio.
It states in the Federal Aviation Regulations Sec. 91.3a - Responsibility and authority of the pilot in command.
"The pilot in command of an aircraft is directly responsible for, and is the final authority as to, the operation of that aircraft."
According to the pilot's CVR statement there was going be a lot of time between him and that Boeing 747 out in front. He wasn't doing anything wrong. He was just a little closer to the scheduled time of departure. In the immediate post 9/11 context, with altered airport security procedures, this was relevant. The full text of the CVR was not published judgment there was going be a lot of time between him and that Boeing 747 out in front. He wasn't doing anything wrong. He was just a little closer to the scheduled time of departure.
Two minutes later he was dead.
While specific aircraft regulations can hold blameless the owners of aircraft, (see49 USC 44112 (formerly 49 USC 1404)), the law of torts still allows for the suit of companies on the basis of negligence. AFCO's are responsible for the safe routing of planes within their district during their scheduled assignments, they are not responsible for t ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1508298-the-legal-liability-of-air-traffic-controllers
(The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers Essay)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1508298-the-legal-liability-of-air-traffic-controllers.
“The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1508298-the-legal-liability-of-air-traffic-controllers.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers

Air Traffic Monitoring

...?AIR TRAFFIC MONITORING AT LAGUADIA AIRPORT Using the information available at flightaware.com, this monitoring session began at 17:18 EST on Tuesday, January 18, 2011, monitoring LaGuadia airport in New York, NY, abbreviated KLGA. At this time, LaGuadia airport was experiencing an inbound delay averaging two hours and twenty-one minutes due to low cloud cover. There were three runways in use: 04/22, 13/31, and H1, all of which were listed as having “good” conditions. Eleven flights were en-route and scheduled for arrival between 17:12 and 17:25 EST; the first of these, a flight between Raleigh-Durham and LaGuadia, was scheduled to depart Raleigh-Durham at 12:56 EST but left at 16:11 EST, and was scheduled to arrive at KLGA at 14:30 EST...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Communication between Air Traffic Controllers and Pilots

The essay "Communication between Air Traffic Controllers and Pilots" talks about the skill needed to properly fly an aircraft, much less to properly land it. What looks so simple from a passenger's point of view is in fact much more difficult than it looks. It would thus be worth examining exactly how air transport works. The most common conception pertaining to the airport is that it is the structure through which airplanes are able to convey travelers and goods to their destination, though it would be more accurate to ascribe such a term to the personnel involved. These individuals are the ones who are responsible for making sure that air travel is as smooth and as safe as possible through the implementation of a myriad of compl...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

Displaying Communications Between Pilots and Air Traffic Controllers in Digital Readouts

...?Displaying Communications between Pilots and Air Traffic Controllers in Digital Readouts Insert Able Flight Able Flight refers to a nonprofit scholarship organization, which works with flight institutions that issue the training. The organization is supported via generous donation of people, corporate sponsorships and foundation funding. Note that Able Flight organization operates under the IRS principles and policies, and the donations it receives are levy deductible to the full-stretch of the law. The ultimate objective of Able Flight program is to assist the disabled or handicapped individuals to acquire the aptitude to fly an airplane. This is because different types of disabilities needs distinct solutions to assist them fly...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Engineering accomplishment-Air traffic control systems

...? Engineering Accomplishment: Air traffic Control Systems Engineering Accomplishment: Air traffic Control Systems Introduction The invention of the air traffic control system is arguably one of the greatest engineering achievements in the aviation industry. It is reported that prior to 1930 before its invention, there were no much need of an organized air traffic control system in the US (Federal Aviation Administration, 2008). The reason being that airplanes were still not so many and almost all aerial traffic in the U.S. moved during the day with sufficient lighting and a clear sky. This meant that a pilot could easily see other aircrafts when taking off, landing or when on flight on the sky. Traffic avoidance was based on ‘see...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

M7 Graphing Traffic Data Discussion /air pollution

... particles cause more harm than large particles. Most Governments in different countries are playing a key role in preventing air pollution caused through transportation. There has been the discovery of eco-friendly gasoline and diesel after treatment exhausts. There is long term solution such as hydrogen fuel cells and other synthetic fuels (Gorham, 2002). The ships travelling in the seas near Europe are believed to have released most Sulphur and Nitrogen Oxide emissions to the environment. The emissions rate is expected to rise to around 50% by 2020. This pollution can be managed and controlled though it is expensive. The introduction of cleaner fuels and adoption of other energy sources such as electricity and wind power could assist...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

EMOHRUO (Airspace Management and Air Traffic Services)

... could be looked into as a financing option but the controlling shares must remain with the central government at all times. Moreover regional and global air operators may be consulted as per revision of and framing new policies but in all disputes the final word would be that of the governmental regulation agency. Airport placement, expansion and other allied affairs should be handled by a central aviation agency such as the FAA in the United States. Moreover new air traffic operators would require government licensing in order to commence operations within Emohruo airspace (over both land and water) including territorial waters and adjoining sea space as per the treatise of International Law and provisions of the UNCLOS III. (Frakes, 2003...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Air traffic controllers

... (Section) Due) Discussion America’s politically astute individuals are aware of the fact that President Reagan is responsible for the advent of assaults on unions in the country, when he took on the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Union (PATCO). His refusal to hold negotiations with the union about working conditions and pay, and then consequently replacing the workers was a pace setter for the eradication of unions as well as the middle class that goes on presently. President Reagan’s confrontation functioned to undermine American workers’ bargaining power as well as that of their labor unions in a manner that supersedes any labor dispute within the last three decades. In addition to that, the confrontation polarized American...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

NexGen (New air traffic control system)

y to fly closer together, take more straightforward courses and keep away from delays brought about via air terminal "stacking" as planes holdup for an open runway. To execute this Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will embrace a boundless change of the whole United States air transportation framework. This conversion has the point of decreasing gridlock, both in the sky and at the air terminals. In 2003, the United States’ Congress formed the Joint Planning and Development Office (JPDO) to arrange and direction the advancement of the framework. However, the main aim of this paper is to examine the current ATC system and the issues requiring the upgrade to NexGen (Next Generation Air Transportation System).
As a manager, t...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Strict Liability of Law Philosophy

The use of the strict liability is also justified on the ground on of adoption of legal policies which attains a socially desirable purpose which the legislative body has the sole prerogative to promote and protect in the pursuit of public welfare. Arguments for and against the thesis using decided cases and other author’s views will also be discussed and resolved any issues will follow on the basis of whether there is enough ground or to uphold the thesis of this paper.
Strict liability rule first is beneficial to society. In at least two decided cases this theory was clearly shown by the courts. The first is the case of United States V. Balint et al., 258 U.S. 250 (1922). The facts of the said case had it that “...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Legal Systems and Contract Law

The contracts are basically of two types. Sometimes written contracts are required, e.g., when buying a house1. In general, the vast majority of contracts
are made orally, like buying a book at a shop. No doubt, the written form of contract has an edge over oral form, but it doesn’t mean that the oral contracts are not enforceable completely. The same principle applies here in case of a contract made between Colonsay Mountain Equipment Ltd (Colonsay) and Alpine Ski Slopes Ltd (Alpine).
Even though there was an oral agreement made between Colonsay and Alpine for advertising and promoting each other’s sports equipment, Alpine later entered into an agreement with another sports equipment company which is complet...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Current Legal, Ethical, and Regulatory Issues in Health Care

Unluckily, the borders have been violated and boundaries have been crossed. This results to compromise in patients’ care, and fatal consequences (Lakhan, 2007). 

According to Faria, Jr. (2003), the patient-doctor relationship that was formerly based on trust and beneficence has been violated. Moreover, the existence of HMO’s worsened the scenario. Many patients felt that their health care providers are no longer their advocates but rather, their adversaries. The relationship between the patient and the doctor was founded and based on privacy and trust. This has been an essential part of medical ethics and medical practice. However, the patient’s medical records confidentiality and privacy has been...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Allocation of the Legal Burden

The burden of proof is a legal obligation for a party to prove its allegations in a court of law. The person who objects or complains has the burden of proof. For instance, if someone has accused another person or party of being guilty or not guilty then it is up to the first person to prove his accusations. Under English law, there are many types of burden of proof. A legal burden refers to an obligation upon a party for the duration of a case. The party can prove its claim once the burden of proof has been discharged by the court1.

Another type of burden of proof is the evidentiary burden that rotates between parties as the evidence comes. For instance, in any case, or hearing if a party submits some evidence than the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

The Abuse of Legal and Illegal Drugs

Some of the drugs, which are subjected to abuse, are legal drugs like tobacco, alcohol, prescription and over the counter drugs; and the proscribed drugs like cocaine, crack, ecstasy and LSD. Treatment for addiction should be commenced as soon as possible and the objective should be to restore normalcy in the life of the teenage addict. It is futile to adopt half measures or to ignore the problem. The sale of drugs either by prescription or over the counter has to be kept under strict surveillance. Teenagers constitute the future of the nation and it is incumbent upon adults to ensure that the former do not succumb to the lure of drugs.

Drug addiction is a disease that pertains to the brain. It can be cured by proper me...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Legal Aspects of Commercial Contracts

In addition, the working day could not exceed eight hours. Moreover, individuals working in the night shift had to be provided with free health assessments. Further, every worker was to be permitted an eleven hour rest period daily (Hardill, 2002. P. 66). In addition, there had to be a one day break from work per week. Furthermore, if the number of working hours were in excess of six hours per day, then the employer had to allow a rest break during the working hours. Finally, it was specified that every worker was entitled to four weeks of paid leave per annum (Employment Matters, 2007).

At the time of his employment, Ben was seventeen years. All the same, he was made to work for more than forty hours a week. In additio...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Structure of the Legal Profession in the United Kingdom

However, the partition of Ireland in 1922 was a major turning point in the current state of affairs of the UK’s legal system. This event also influenced the religious leanings of each constituent according to the Catholic or Protestant majority as the case may be in each region. (The Legal Profession)
There are basically three constituents in the nation’s legal structure comprising England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Although England and Wales are two separate constituents, their legal structure is the same. England and Wales also have the same legal jurisdictions. Scotland’s legal scripts are based on the ancient Roman laws. The Scottish parliament can enact and amend legislation on domestic...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off

Increased concentrations of effluents in the air were found to have particularly been emitted from motor vehicle exhausts, industrial factories, and other burning or combustion activities of Australians (Bartnett et al. 2006). Practically, any engine that utilized fossil fuel is known to be emitters of these effluents in addition to other activities that require burning of materials as have been broadly argued by different concerned sectors for the minimization of its usage, as well, finding alternatives which could be biodegradable fuels.

Air is humankind’s natural source of respiratory Oxygen. Its preservation may have been openly disregarded so that the current generation has to face up to the maintenance of it...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

The Subject of Legal Abortion

The simple ideology is embraced by some but the arguments are flawed when the realities of abortion are examined. Studies have shown that most women are coerced into committing this murderous act of a living human and that there is no such thing as safe abortions as many are led to believe. Pro-abortion proponents generally espouse that the rights of a non-living tissue that feels no pain are non-existent. These untruths have been widely perceived as facts. In addition, the Founding Fathers of this nation intended to shape not only the legal but the moral direction of American society as well when they drafted the Constitution, the document that defines the laws of the nation. If they were alive today, the Founders clearly would b...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Next Generation Air Traffic Control

...NextGen Air Traffic Control Outline NextGen Air Traffic Control This paper will cover the following areas: An overview of air traffic control An overview of NextGen and how it came in being The History of NextGen Air Traffic Control NextGen Air Traffic Today Operations Milestones NextGen Air Traffic Equipment Cockpit equipment Satellite-based Navigational Systems The automatic Dependent surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Runway equipment and systems Training of Air Traffic Control personnel Air Traffic Control is a kind of service that is provided by ground based controllers who are responsible for directing aircraft both on the ground and in the air. The essential functions of the Air Traffic control is to separate aircrafts in order...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Stress in Air Traffic Controllers

...Stress in Air Traffic Controllers Abstract The paper seeks to look into some of the critical issues concerning safety measures in the commercial aviation industry. It focuses more on the concept of stress in Air Traffic Controllers (ATC) and how high stress levels can affect the performance of ATCs. Further emphasis is laid on the various measures that can be put into place to address some of the safety issues in commercial aviation industry through the risk management strategies. Several aspects of the whole case arise in the whole program of addressing the issue. It becomes a matter of collective responsibility in the bid to address safety issues and come up with modalities to mitigate any safety threats in the future. At the end, we...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Why Marijuana Should Be Declared Legal in the United States

This paper will critically consider whether marijuana should be declared legal in the United States.
Marijuana, scientifically known as Cannabis sativa has existed in the united states since the 19th century. This is to means that, it has been a common plant in many regions of the United States. Initially, marijuana also referred to as hemp had multiple purposes, including the weaving of different materials (Caulkins et al, 2012). Moreover, it was used as a preferred incense and also as a food source. However, marijuana only became known as a recreational drug that was the center of public opinion in the 1990s despite its use in a couple of centuries.

In the 19th century, marijuana became a common preference for ma...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Legal Liability of Air Traffic Controllers for FREE!

Contact Us