Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Evidence based on eyewitness is crucial in any trial and hence it is imperative that it be reliable. The demonstration provided by an observer provides fundamental evidence that may establish whether or not a particular defendant will be or is convicted. The courts attaches a high regard to the eyewitness testimony, but there is much empirical support to propose that the eyewitness testimony might be somewhat unreliable and that the faith which the courts have placed in it is not justified…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems"

Download file to see previous pages This implies that for the errands of moderate complication e.g. EWT, performances augments with stress till an optimal point is attained where it begins to decline (Bell & Jones, 1994).
According to Bartlett theory, recall/memory is subject to individual interpretation dependent on our cultural or learnt norms plus values i.e. the manner in which individuals make sense of world in which we live (Loftus, 1996).
This is the concentration by an eyewitness on the weapon in particular to the omission of additional details of an offence. Where a weapon is involved in a crime, it is common for the witness to correctly describe a weapon in detail rather than the individual holding it (Ross, Read & Toglia, 1994).
Cases which have eyewitness testimony have a higher probability of producing convictions (Visher, 1987). Jurors are doubtful of the eyewitnesses with low memory regarding details whereas they might be more accurate owing to the fact that they were concentrating on the face of the culprit instead (Wells & Leippe, 1988). Mutually, incorrect and correct eyewitnesses are trusted eighty percent of the time (Wells et al., 1979). All these shows the influence attached to persuasive eyewitness.
According to Stambor (2006), "of the...
78% were wrongful convictions based on eyewitness misidentification." Eyewitnesses tend to be more confident as opposed to being accurate and this influences jurors who in turn trust them. This shows that eyes can be deceiving.
Strong emotions, expectations, current knowledge and beliefs affect memories. Evocative questioning incorporates deceptive information into the memory. It is not possible to distinguish real memories from the force memories. All these can be attributed to misinformation effect.
The error can be reduced by (1) training the police interviewers. Research has shown that cognitive interview after spontaneous recollections augments information by fifty percent without raising the fake memory rate. (2) Reducing fake lineup identifications. This can be achieved by eliminating composites and arrays, paying attention to the identification time, using sequential lineup, prohibiting post-identification feedback, using blind testing processes with neutral and scripted questions and reminding a witness of the fact that the suspect might not be included in the lineup. (3) Educating the jurors.
What other factors influence juror judgments
Defendant's characteristics
The characteristics of the defendant are in terms of resemblance to the juror (e.g. same language, political beliefs and expectations of conventional conduct), and the physical attractiveness. Despite the fact that juror do not disregard the "facts" of a particular case whilst deliberating, in case the evidence turns out to be lacking or ambiguous, there is a high probability for them to allow personality character of the defendant to persuade their decisions. According to research on influence of similarities of a defendant to a jury by Mazzella and Feingold (1994), "Mock-jurors punished white ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems Essay”, n.d.)
Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems Essay. Retrieved from
(Social Psychology Criminal Justice Systems Essay)
Social Psychology Criminal Justice Systems Essay.
“Social Psychology Criminal Justice Systems Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems

Criminal Justice Systems

... Completion: Topic American justice system: a true system or a true non-system? The American Justice System is a true judicial mechanism because these are set by rules and judicial procedures that are founded on its national constitution and bill of rights. Based on set of rules, it takes into accounts the code of respective federal states, codes, implementing regulations, rulings of courts, and imbued with judicial processes. As a mechanism, it has major steps in criminal cases as cited below: a. Conduct of police investigation to gather evidences, identification of suspects and undertaking arrests. Upon determination of probable cause, the court may conduct search and seizure of specific properties based on alleged proofs or facts...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper


...Running Head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS Comparison of Criminal Justice Systems By __________________ Criminal justice system is greatly affected by two concerns, the degree to which an offender is actually regarded as the weaker party in need of protection against the power of the state, and the way in which an offender is approached and treated by representatives of the state. Very important is the so-called 'large cities initiative' in places like Amsterdam and the USA in local government in which the rich are moving out of the cities and are creating ghettos for themselves, ghettos for the rich. Back in town are the ghettos for the poor. But despite social ghettos, criminal justice and the law still remains the same for the rich and poor...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Comparing Criminal Justice Systems

...Comparing Criminal Justice Systems Introduction Criminal justice systems are different across countries. This is because the world has diverse and complex forms of crime and justice (Dammer & Albanese, 2014). Therefore, comparison of criminal justice systems can be carried out on the basis of police, courts and corrections among countries because every country has a system of justice, a system of policing, and a system of prison and other correctional institutions. Factors such as history, politics and social norms of a country influence the legal system of such a country, distinguishing it from other countries. As much as criminal justice systems of all countries seem to follow some universal devising justice and punishment...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

The Real Face of Corporate Social Responsibility

Effective communication is an important tool that has wide-ranging influence in the smooth functioning of corporate bodies. The role of corporate communicators is significant in the administration of the organization and projection of the organization’s aims and objectives in the eyes of the public and stakeholders.

Corporate communicators normally use a variety of techniques to communicate with different people. The administrators and managerial staff use effective communication to disseminate information about the changes that need to be made and make special efforts to create a barrier-free work environment. The barrier-free atmosphere and friendliness testify mutual respect and easy accessibility of management...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

The Social and Cultural Contexts of Deviance

Generally, deviance is a behavior that is seen as harmful, disruptive, or criminal. However, it may come as the result of being statistically unique. This brings into question whether there can be positive deviance. For example, if a student got straight A+ grades, the Underachievers Club may view them like a deviant. As a group, they may place sanctions on them above and beyond what they would the average student. This illustrates the concept that deviance must be seen through the lens of the social or cultural context that it takes place in (Keel, 2008).
Social norms are the types of behavior that are established and maintained by society and are considered to be acceptable. Because deviance is the transgression of a norm a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

School Social Worker in Special Education

Social workers are required to understand the diversity of families and help individuals and families cope with the implications and impacts of learning disabilities, physical or cognitive problems. Individual treatment may be required in a safe environment and relationship in which to deal with issues. The work of the school social worker in special education is related to a diverse number of areas, in which he/ she is required to fulfill various roles and responsibilities (Turner, 2005).

Approximately one-half of school social workers are found to be practicing with elementary school children. School social workers support and help to prevent future problems by intervening with at-risk children during elementary schoo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

...DECISION-MAKING IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE: ECONOMICS a) Why are market forces unsuitable for health service resource allocation? Refer in your answer to the problems of consumer sovereignty, agency, and health outcome measurement. Market forces, demand and supply, move in opposite directions with respect to price changes. When the price of a good is high the demand for it is less while the supply of it is greater. This is economic sense but nevertheless this positive economic statement about the predictable behavior of the consumer does not hold true when the demand patterns for Giffen and inferior goods are factored in. For instance when income, of the individual consumer, rises his demand for inferior goods such as potatoes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Management: Social Responsibility and Ethics

When we speak about business management, most people talk about the core business functions like strategies, products, training & development, management of various departments of the business like marketing, production, planning, etc. Social responsibilities and business ethics are the least communicated topics in the business community because of the least preference given to the non-productive sectors by organizations. Most of the greedy organizations spent millions on the research and development for improving their competitive power in the business world, but they often keep a blind eye towards their responsibility towards ensuring proper ethical standards in their business activities. Organizations that underestimate the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Accounting systems and Assurance

The allocation of resources is dependent on the information regarding the financial condition of the firm. Here comes the role of accounting, which provides all the required financial information to the investors through several financial reports. There There are two classifications of accounting 1) financial accounting and 2) management accounting. Financial accounting is the one which furnishes all the financial information to the investors and management accounting is used at the micro-level where the internal allocation of the funds takes place. Accounting is one of the most crucial components of any organization as it provides all those financial information that is used to make the economic and financing decision making.&nbs...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Business Information Systems

...Club IT - Part Three of Phoenix BIS 219 Introduction to Business Information Systems Club IT – Part Three _________ _________ DATE ________ Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Abstract 3 Overview 3 Business background 4 Current Technology Structure of Club IT 5 Problem Assessment 5 Club IT Business Goal and Strategy 6 Assessment of Needs 7 IT Solutions for Club IT 8 Decision Support Systems/ DSS 8 Customer Information System 8 Data Mining for Business Performance 9 Enterprise Resource Planning 10 Supply Chain Management 11 Customer Relationship Management 11 Conclusion 11 Bibliography 12 Abstract Club IT is a nightclub that is currently operating with the traditional technology structure. Club IT nightclub is most popular club in its...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Identification of problems in the Criminal Justice System of the US

They are on trial and will be dealt with fairly. These laws ensure that no one, even if he or she has committed a crime is abused or punished cruelly.
Following the history of civilization like in china, we see the traces of systems for Criminal justice in order to provide safety for the citizens. Evolving through the years laws have been modified and changed to form the system that we know today.
 From its start, the “U.S. criminal justice system” has advocated the idea of “checks and balances”. To avoid dictatorial rule, the people who founded this system in such a way that one person was not given control or authority completely to punish the criminals. The idea of assigning a ‘jury...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems for FREE!

Contact Us