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On the other hand, race and gender influence social position of women and men, their educational and work opportunities (Foley 70). Race and gender have a great impact on social inequalities and rights, freedoms and life challenges. Through a complex interaction of identification processes, symbol systems, and social institutions, gender differences are produced--typically in the form of a dichotomy that not only opposes masculinity to femininity but also translates these oppositional differences into gender hierarchy, the privileging of traits and activities defined as masculine over those defined as feminine. Thus, although it is important to recognize the cultural variation in how gender differences are formed and expressed, it is also important to stress the political nature of gender as a system of difference construction and hierarchical dichotomy production that is constitutive of almost all contemporary societies.
From the point of views of the ethnographer, the categories of class, race, gender and sexuality can be separable because they determine different social processes which can be considered in isolation. For instance, it is possible speak about race or sexual prejudices, stereotypes and inequalities. In education, race and class prejudice can affect groups' achievement and those who are minority students (Foley 72). Classes exist in a given society to the extent that there are significant links between these three levels of social life: if economically determined posi¬tions correlate significantly with people's lived experience and consciousness, and if both of these have a significant bearing on how they behave as consumers, workers or citizens - on how they live, the organizations they join, the parties they support, and so on. On the other hand, gender and sexuality can also be considered in isolation in such cases as discrimination and sexual harassment. Foley (1990) underlines that: "they [men] gained their gender status through winning a male's attention and loyalty and through domesticating a sexually restless, domineering male" (69). Women becomes a suffer group because they often come to be stereotyped as victims. By bridging the personal and the political, gender also provides an alternative basis for action; helping to build up networks that cross other boundaries, whose actions have become increasingly significant. These categories are not fixed changing over time. During the XX century, different theories were developed in order to describe and interpret the ideas of race and sexuality. For instance, Foley (1990) speaks about such thing as 'bonded sexuality' typical for mexian communities. "This idea of a "bonded sexuality" legitimates pre-marital sex in a traditional cultural setting. This exchange relationship between males and females was not necessarily egalitarian, however. Each sex made rather different concessions for the advantages gained" (70). There is a shift in attitudes towards greater acceptance of gender and sexual equality, despite abundant evidence of continuing prejudice, inertia and discrimination. Till the beginning of the XX century, women sexuality was also ways denied. Recent years the understanding of race has been changed, because as a
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Experiencing oppression and exploitation involves a confrontation by power imbalance and helplessness. This results in trauma, whether or not it is articulated. Significant or prolonged trauma causes increasing distortion in the experience and presentation of self.
In the conventional sense, matters of gender and sexuality evoke the notions of power relationships between men and women. Such conventional perspectives on the discourses of gender focused on the presumed physiologically differences that distinguished man from women (Disch 121).
Race, social class, and gender organize any given society as a whole. These three constructs create a variety of contexts for a living norm of a family. This is through their character of unique distribution of opportunities in the society. Race is not a biological reality but a socially defined reality.
Their everyday lives are affected by these social constructs. At the same time, race, class and gender also have meaning on the macro level of community and society. The macro level is known as social structural, while the micro level is known as social psychological (Fiske-Rusciano, 2009).
Political representation is essential in the society because politics determine the laws that govern a country, and the method of distributing resources. The Congress is the law-making body, and everyone in this association represents the interest of a certain society.
There is a slowly emerging openness about one's sexuality and how it relates to his race and culture in the modern era. While the evolution of discussions pertaining to race, culture, and sexuality seem to be progressing quite rapidly in the 21st century, Our readings in class tend to disprove that theory.
The liaisons started the century of the Victorian Britain through to the struggle against apartheid in South Africa (Gutierrez, 2012, p. 71). The instructive masculine ethos was common in the Edwardian and Victorian Britain and appeared as a strategic to build and develop a spirit des corps aimed at becoming the stronghold of the British Empire.
Intersectionality was put together by the theorist named Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw. It’s main purpose was to be able to elucidate how and why, the Black women’s lives are overshadowed by gender and race oppression.
In order to be able to explain it further, the traffic
Nothing has changed to date because racism still exists. Despite the many campaigns held and activist’s foul cry over racism and discrimination, racism is still the order of the day especially in America where people
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