StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Defining Intelligence - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Dr. Howard Gardner developed the theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. This theory outlines eight different intelligences, including bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, naturalist and spatial. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Defining Intelligence
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Defining Intelligence"

Download file to see previous pages Dr. Howard Gardner developed the theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. This theory outlines eight different intelligences, including bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, naturalist and spatial. Today, IQ tests are routinely used to rank an individual's intelligence. This test generally only assesses linguistic ("word smart") and logical-mathematical ("number/reasoning smart") intelligences. Many educators believe this is too limiting, and more use should be made of the broader range of intelligences.IQ tests are given to children all over the world, either as a written test or with an examiner. The test is customized for cultural differences, and typically only tests your ability to handle numbers, words and problems. IQ tests can be a good indicator for how well a child will do in school, where the standard teaching method is by reading textbooks and listening to lectures. However, the IQ score can influence how people will treat that person throughout life, "determining her eligibility for certain privileges" (Gardner, Year). If you're not good at reading ("word smart") or you don't understand algebra ("number/reasoning smart"), then you may be considered dumb. A child may be disadvantaged because they are not considered smart by normal standards. But normal is only defined as two out of eight possible intelligences. Is this fair Many think it isn't and believe teaching methods should change. If the other six intelligences are recognized and used in teaching, this will give children and people of all ages more opportunities.
As adults with jobs, our intelligence strengths can influence how successful we are. A child who liked to write stories in English class might become a journalist with a newspaper. Another child who loved to play number games might go on to become a computer programmer. These are good matches. But some people might find themselves in jobs they are not suited to because it does not make full use of their individual intelligences. For example, a gifted sportsperson may have a job sitting at a desk typing on a computer all day. A desk job may suit a person who is word and number smart, but may not suit this person who is body smart. They may find their job mundane because they are not active. They would rather be outdoors moving around. Another example is a talented musician ("music smart") who can easily make up beautiful and original music by playing it on an instrument but cannot read or write. Usually people with high IQ scores tend to be in well-paid jobs, while people with low IQ scores do not. But IQ alone cannot predict success. "The vast majority of one's ultimate niche in society is determined by non-IQ factors, ranging from social class to luck" (Goleman, Year).
Because a person has a particular strength in one type of intelligence, may not mean they are strong in other intelligences. For example, a student who loves mathematics got a job as an engineer. He was very good at his job, but when asked to speak at a meeting, he felt complete dismay because he didn't want to talk in front of a lot of people. He was "number and reasoning smart", but not "word smart". A sales person may sell lots of cars because he is "people smart", but may fatigue easily when he goes for a walk because he is not "body smart". Another person might be a talented guitar player ("music smart") but causes a calamity and looses his job in the band because he can't control his bad temper. He is not "self smart".
To help people make the most of opportunities, school provides an important role in identifying a person's talents. If a school offers a broad range of subjects, then you have more opportunity to find out what you are good at and like doing. For example, if a school didn't offer art classes, a student might miss the opportunity to find out they were good at drawing ("picture smart"). Or if a school didn't ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Defining Intelligence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506347-defining-intelligence
(Defining Intelligence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506347-defining-intelligence.
“Defining Intelligence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1506347-defining-intelligence.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Defining Intelligence

Defining terrorism

...? Defining Terrorism Introduction “If you can’t define terrorism, you can’t begin to tackle terrorism, let alone defeat it”. Terrorism is intimidating activity around the world and governments have been on alert since the beginning of this hostile phenomenon. Terrorism can be described by various terms, such as tactic and strategy, crime and a holy duty, subjection to oppression and abomination that cannot be forgiven. Different terrorist organizations are pursuing intimidating goals around the world. It is really hard for different terrorist groups to realize the essence of their intimidating activities, as well as for fighters against terrorism to understand these extreme goals in the world. The simplest definition of terrorism...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Defining Beauty

While beauty might have once been truly ‘in the eye of the beholder’, today’s society has beauty defined for it by the overwhelming challenges of the mass media. These messages of the media are so consistent they overwhelm any natural sense of beauty, which is important to our sense of identity and social value.
Throughout the history of mankind, humans have projected who and what they are, including their relative social position, through their outward appearance. Study after study has demonstrated people dress a certain way and strive to acquire specific items as a means of signifying that they belong to a particular desirable subset of individuals who also embody their individual ideals (Gilman, 1999). Regardless of whe...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Defining Leadership

... Module A Platoon Leader’s Tour The war in Iraq has been a real challenge to the US army. This is due to the harsh weather conditions in the war zone and retaliatory attacks by Iraqi militia. Numerous soldiers have lost their lives in war, become disabled and undergone through the worst for kind of emotional torture. This can be attributed to the emptiness an individual experiences when they leave their family behind and having to watch fellow soldier die. Additionally, the disarmament programme has proved to be cumbersome as citizens are armed for self defense in the volatile environment. It is therefore important to explore the topic of leadership within platoons in order to get the soldiers’ views. Leadership from a platoon’s... Module A...
4 Pages(1000 words)Admission/Application Essay

Defining Leadership

...? Defining Leadership Topic Defining Leadership The concept of leadership, despite being one of the most researched issues in the contemporary world, has no single agreed upon definition. The definition of leadership has been a thorny issue for several years, with each writer and researcher using a different approach and perspective to define leadership (Schultz, and Schultz, 2010). This however does not imply that the available definitions of leadership are either right or wrong, but rather each of the definitions attempts to expose a different facet on the meaning of leadership and how different leaders express their leadership traits. This essay will attempt to define the concept of leadership and try to examine whether it is necessary...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Defining moments

...Throughout life, people come across defining moments. To some people, it may be an award, a favorite memory, or an obstacle overcome. I feel it is these lessons and powerful moments that help define who we are, and make us the people we are supposed to be. Through these moments, we learn who we really are, what we truly believe in, and what makes up our being as a person. It is through these life defining moments that people truly shine, and the true beauty and success in every person can show through. During my senior year in high school, I had thus defining moment for myself. I had hoped and dreamed to become a sports prefect, and it was a high regarded position in my high school. This was my dream for my high school sport's career...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Defining Terrorism

...Introduction and definition: Terrorism is both an individual and a group phenomenon. Terrorism is defined as the unconventional use of violence for political gain1. These are well-planned attacks on civilians who are not capable of retaliating and usually there is a disregard for human life. Terrorism is never supported by any civilized society and they have no codes of conduct or follow any set of rules. Relation between domestic and group violence There is similarity between violence inflicted on a larger community and violence inflicted by a tyrant within a family2. Groups tend to adopt the personality of the leader, and are held together by the dedication of the group leader. Hence, a group can be treated as an individual who...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Defining Racism

...Defining Racism Racism is a word that majorities of persons do not comprehend, or they have different perceptions about it. Racism has been considered as a term meant to stereotype people. Racism has had a major effect on society with individuals and organizations rising up against it. Racism can exist in various forms such as economic racism, institutional racism and racial discrimination. This essay aims to define what racism is as various definitions do exist. The definition according to the Oxford English Dictionary is an ideology or belief that members of each race have distinctiveness or skills specific to their own race, particularly to differentiate it as being superior or inferior from another race (Brown 10). The Merriam...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Defining Culture

...Defining Culture Introduction Simple terms can be used to define culture as a way of life. Culture is an aspect that builds up social capital in various communities. It promotes the livelihood of people whom it exists among by creating a wall that covers every participant. People who practice the same cultural activities often reason alike and participate in similar communal activities. Culture promotes a social bond among. The richness of a culture depends on the size of the social capital that it creates. Culture is a perpetuating phenomenon as it is hereditary. It is also self-renewing since it creates room for new ideas and accommodates technology as well as the change of the environment in which it exists. Social cultures...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Defining sociology

...Full Everyday Sociology Sociology is the sturdy of human behaviors in groups. It looks into matters such as reasons whysomeone acts this way and not the other, why one person regards another indifferently. It also studies the cultural, religious and other aspects of life which somehow influence one’s way of living. Sociology for me encompasses a broad area of study regarding human relations because it is multi-faceted. For instance, in the study of sociology, one also delves into psychology in order to understand why certain persons act the way they do while others do not agree with the way they live their lives. There should also be some understanding of politics and religion at some point because are important aspects of life... Everyday...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Discussion: Defining Intelligence

...DEFINING INTELLIGENCE Compare the traditional idea about intelligence with Gardners. Are there advantages to the traditional format of intelligence testing? How can Gardner’s ideas change the way we assess the strengths and weaknesses of people? Gardners theory has actually been liberating or freeing to individuals in that they have been able to validate their strengths that normally lie outside the traditional view of intelligence. Prior to Gardner, intelligence was generally seen as something shown in linguistic and logical-mathematical domains (Chen & Gardner, H. (2009). However, the introduction of intelligences such as intrapersonal, spatial, musical and interpersonal made learners to start viewing their individual differences as well...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

To What Extent Does the Concept of Emotional Intelligence Point Towards a New Means of Controlling Workers

Weber believed that ‘the specialized experts organized into smoothly functioning units by the bureaucratic managers would provide these elite managers with a decision-making ability foreign to the parliaments and the courts’ (Glassman et al., 1984, 5). However, in order for the role of managers within bureaucratic environments to be understood, it is necessary to proceed to a thorough examination to the structure and the characteristics of such an environment under normal social and political conditions.

Moreover, the acceptance of Weber’s views on bureaucracy has led to the assumption that bureaucracy (Fry, 1989, 41) ‘is not necessarily rational, it may not be efficient, that other forms of orga...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

This mentality was the outcome of evolution, yet besides the well-documented evolutionary theory, there is one intrinsic aspect that can elucidate the cognitive and behavioral aptitude of these early humans, the concepts of worldview and paradigm. Worldviews are defined as a specific viewpoint and response to both the natural and the cultural milieu in which a collective of individuals live. They consequently produce worldviews based on their heuristic propensity to interpret their environmental and social settings (Schaefer, 1995, p.245). In a more particular tone, Koltko-Rivera (2004, p. 3) distinguished worldview as a group of hypotheses focused on the physical and social reality that can powerfully reduce effects on mental abi...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

The National Drug Intelligence Center

...The National Drug Intelligence Center One of the most common crime in the United s nowadays is of drug trafficking. This lucrative business has become a trend in the American society and is increasingly becoming a threat for the state. Just before this crime could become a national issue the government of United States realized its potential and formed several intelligence agencies which would look after the drug traffickers. The National Drug Intelligence Center is the formation of government of United States in this regard. It was formed in 1993 and is operating till date. The NDIC has proved quite successful in achieving its tasks and has proved as an asset to the United States. This essay would further describe the agency in detail...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Intelligence and the War on Drugs

When the Ronald Reagan Administration initiated its famous War on Drugs program in the 1980s with the catchy slogan “Just Say No”, the focus of the program was not exclusively Mexico. At that time, different pockets of Latin America posed threats of varying degrees, including Columbia and Brazil. But due to its proximity to the United States, and the increase in demand for cocaine and marijuana, Mexico has emerged as the greatest threat in recent decades. Compounding the problem of drug trafficking is the internal political chaos in Mexico. The Mexican governments of past and present have tried various methods and tactics for bringing the drug cartels under control but to no avail. It is a reflection of the governments...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Syscos Need for Business Intelligence Software

...Running Head: Cisco Case Study Introduction Sysco is essentially a food distribution company. It has various autonomous working divisions. The IT infrastructure of Sysco soon became obsolete. As a result, a lot of technical expertise was needed to extract useful data and predict the course of future demands and happenings. This demanded that immediate actions be taken which was not a very easy task. There was a lot of configuration and development that had to be done on the new software. This was because both the Enterprise Resource Program System and the data ware housing that Sysco was using was unable to keep up with the fast pace growth and the ever increasing data load. The paper focuses on Sysco’s need for Business Intelligence...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Galtons Definition of Intelligence, Sternbergs Model, and Spearmans Model

...Galton’s Definition Of Intelligence British psychologist Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) was one of first people to study the measurement of intelligence (Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo, 2009, P.313). According to Galton, “intelligence is an inherited trait that is correlated with having superior physical abilities.” He believed that intelligence can be measured by measuring the physical abilities like reaction time, eye sight etc (Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo, 2009, P.313). Galton’s definition of intelligence is different from Sternberg, Spearman and Gardner’s definition of intelligence as he considers the physical traits of human beings like eye sight, reflex actions, strength etc., as aspects of intelligence while other psychologists consider...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Self-Analysis and Emotional Intelligence Assessment

Kaplan describes that although all leaders have some combination of strengths and weaknesses, most leaders devote most of their energy to dealing with the weaknesses (2002). However, strengths are just as important, and if a leader doesn’t have an adequate understanding of their talents, performance can suffer (Kaplan, 2002, p. 20). It is essential for a business leader to take a measure of positive and negative traits and to apply what is found there in a way that will encourage growth and professional development. One way to discover strengths and reveal weaknesses is to take self-assessment instruments.

One of the instruments that had a surprisingly profound impact on me was the emotional intelligence assessme...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Intelligence Collection Management

Intelligence collection management always aims for a valuable person having valuable pieces of information which can be a source of benefit for the company. The whole process of acquiring, organizing and making the intelligence information useful for the security agencies is also termed as the Intelligence Collection Plan. The creation of the Intelligence Action plan is also an important part because it is related to the management of the processes. The analysts must have an Intelligence Plan before any further development is done in this process.
Intelligence collection management is actually meant for a process of arranging and organizing all the possible available intelligence information or material which can be helpful f...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

The US Intelligence Community

These contribute to several challenges faced by the IC today1.
For example, the Japanese fleet’s attack on Pearl Harbor, which was a surprise attack and the subsequent entrance of America into the Second World War, illustrated the need to re-engineer the outdated policies and organization of the IC. The changes made by the U.S. in the IC, which occasioned from World War II are still palpable today2. Some changes were later made when the Senate Committees came together with the aim of investigating the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), National Security Agency (NSA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to evaluate the possible abuses of power that transpired in the preceding years.<...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Cultural Intelligence

... the individual the ability to act appropriately across cultures. Researchers introduced the concept in an attempt to understand the differences in individual’s performance under culturally diverse settings. Questions regarding the IQ level of highly regarded individuals such as Albert Einstein or Helen Keller fuelled the need to comprehend human intelligence (Sternberg, 1982). The study of cultural intelligence is essential and relevant as it enables the understanding of the factors that influence cultural intelligence, its development and relevance to interaction between cultures and business activities worldwide. Recent Definitions and Theories in Cultural Intelligence Researchers defined intelligence as the ability to grasp concepts...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Defining Intelligence for FREE!

Contact Us