Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Than Other Nations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Various studies have been conducted that support the principles promulgated by the social bonding theory specifically with regards to its use in explaining deviant behavior. Some of these studies have focused on specific groups of people. Shown below is a discussion of some of such empirical studies that have been conducted by various researchers whose results have helped forward the principles of the social bonding theory.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Than Other Nations
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Than Other Nations"

Download file to see previous pages In the said research, the author studied 200 employees to determine how the elements of the social bonding theory can be used to determine the likelihood of the employees committing ethical misconduct. The results from the study conducted indicated that two of the four elements, namely attachment and involvement, may be utilized to provide a better understanding of how likely it is for employees to commit ethical rule breaking. (Sims, 2002) The results obtained from the study merely highlight the importance of the elements of the social bonding theory in explaining deviant behavior and in this case, ethical misconduct of employees.
Another study conducted focused on the effect of one's religiosity on his likelihood to be lead to delinquency. As earlier mentioned, belief is one of the four elements of Hirschi's social bonding theory. Subsequently, a central element in an individual's belief system is his religious affinity or belief. In a study conducted by Baier and Wright (2001), the ability of religious beliefs and behaviors to deter criminal behavior was analyzed. The authors of the said study conducted a meta-analysis of 60 previously conducted studies basing primarily on the following questions: (I) What is the direction and magnitude of the effect of religion on crime (II) Why have previous studies varied in their estimation of this effect The rationale behind the research was since previous studies provided inconclusive evidence regarding the relationship of crime and religious belief, it was highly significant to determine why such discrepancy exists and if indeed such a relationship between the two elements does exist.
The results of the study indicated that religious beliefs and behaviors exert a moderate deterrent effect on individuals' criminal behavior. This means that even in the littlest of ways, an individual's religiosity helps in preventing him from committing criminal acts. Likewise, the study found that previous studies have systematically varied in their estimation of the religion- on-crime effect due to differences in both their conceptual and methodological approaches.
The results of the study merely indicate that belief, as one of the elements of social control, indeed helps in preventing deviant behavior. Although religious beliefs may not be a strong deterrent as other elements, the results of the study only help explain how the elements of social bonding materialize.
Teenage Pregnancy
Although not considered as a criminal act, teenage pregnancy may be seen as a deviant behavior in that it does not conform to the norms of society. In a study conducted by Sandra Hofferth (1987), the various factors that influence sexual behavior among adolescents was analyzed. Both biological and psychosocial factors were studied to determine which factors helped contribute to sexual activity among adolescents.
Basically, the researcher found that among the social factors that influenced such behavior were cultural and subcultural differences. For instance, the author indicated that black females from the ages of 15 to 19 living in a poverty area of Chicago has a significantly higher rate of initial sexual intercourse than their peers ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Essay”, n.d.)
Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Essay. Retrieved from
(Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Essay)
Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Essay.
“Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Than Other Nations

Factors Promoting Higher Divorce Rates

...? Factors Promoting Higher Divorce Rates. Marriage is a legal bond between two people to spend the entire life together and to remain on each other’s side in all situations. Many of the marriages that take place are successful and both the partners live together till the end of their lives very happily. But in some cases this legal bond in which many promises are made during the time of marriage are shattered and broken down into pieces within a fraction of time, usually because of petty issues (Jasper, Margaret, 12-23). When the husband and wife are spending major part of the time of the day with each other there are chances that they may start to quarrel on small issues which otherwise have no significance; it is at that moment when any...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Can it Explain why the United States has Higher Crime Rates Than Other Countries

..., 1977; White et al, 1991 Patterson and Chamblerain, 1994; Patterson, 1995). Walter Reckless (1961) also had his own studies and concepts regarding the Social Bond Theory, and his was one which can strongly be associated with the explaining of why the United States has higher crime rates than in any other nation. Reckless developed a theory he titled the 'Containment Theory' which focused on a youth's own perception or self-image of being a good person. His basic proposition was that there are certain 'pushes' and 'pulls' that basically produce delinquent behavior, and he classified these into particular forms of motivation, and separated these into the pushes and pulls. The motivations he considered to deviate as pushes are: Discontent...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Social Learning Theory and Crime

...Social Learning Theory and Crime appears here] of appears here] This analytical essay presents informationabout the Social Learning Theory, its history and how it explains people’s motives behind committing crime. The bibliography appends seven sources in APA format. Outline I. Introduction II. History III. Motives of People Behind Committing Crime IV. Conclusion Introduction The theory that has been taken under consideration goes by the name of “Social Learning Theory” which is an extremely well-known theory that explains how people acquire certain behavior. The theory simply state that the learning process of individuals is completely dependant upon their observation of others. For example, if the observe positive actions...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Should car's price in China much Higher than US

It is clear that Chinese government policy has led to the skyrocketing prices of cars in China prompting unauthorized trade by small-time American entrepreneurs who export cars for profit. The Beijing car policy was intended to assist the Chinese auto-making industry make large profits but the move seems to benefit other world’s car makers such as General Motors and BMW. This practice is however against the standard industry practice as argued by Tesla who have since thrived in China with their electric cars.
Regardless of the higher auto sales and output in China, the policies instituted in the industry shows that for the same car, the cost is higher in China than in U.S. there are also positive record of the number of cars...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Crime Rates

..., prison expansion and the economy. It is hard to establish a relationship between the variables and the crimes due to lack of concrete proof to his suggestions. Hypothetically, unemployment is a particular clear case, but the principle can be expected to apply to several other explanations. A blend in heterogeneity of most local areas in social class, household structure, race and income among others can be causational to each other (Nachmias & Nachmias, 2004). Article two; the invisible black victim The assurance of civil rights is grounded on inclusion; yet the massive difference imprisonment rates between Latinos, blacks and whites still stands as the ugliest reminder of nation’s history of segregation based on race. In the article...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Crime and Social Learning Theory

...Crime and Social Learning Theory ABSTRACT This paper mentions about the social learning theory which is basically studying the behavior of the criminals in context of a society and introspecting deeply their internal processing as an individual. This paper looks how Sears and Bandura , the theologist of this theory approach the criminal psychology of an individual in context of a society. Here two journals are studied where one favors and other rejects the social learning theory . Also the aggressive factor and the “Bobo Doll Experiment” are studied with the help of journal compiled by Hart and Kritsonic. Crime and Social Learning Theory Introduction Crime is not a new concept in today’s world as it has been present in the society ever...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Crime prevention and Crime Rates

...Reflection on the Activity To start up with the news story I had to choose the topic. In the beginning I planned to use obesity and its associated factors to write my news story on. But after some research I realized that a lot has already been done in this area. I changed the topic to Crime prevention and Crime Rates. I viewed many factors that people associate with crime reduction. The most common I found were: Police performance Educational policies Employment RatesSocial Policy changes Immigration Policies Reduction in Drug and Alcohol Abuse Spending on Police Departments and so on. Hence, I chose crime reduction as a product of rising Workforce levels. The data on both factors was available on the same website. The data set I...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Than Other Nations

... best explain why the United States has a higher incidence of crime rates than other nations. Review of Related Literature Harmful consequences according to Gottfredson and Hirschi are matters of indifference to those with low self-control as they tend to be self-centered and insensitive to the needs of others. People with low self control authors Gottfredson and Hirschi exhibit an “impulsive, insensitive, physical, risk-taking, short-sighted, and non-verbal” which are compatible with the attributes of criminal behavior–that is, “short-lived, immediately gratifying, easy, simple, and exciting”. In summary, the general theory of crime makes three claims about self-control: that it is acquired in childhood, it is not simply a synonym...
15 Pages(3750 words)Case Study

The Social and Cultural Contexts of Deviance

Generally, deviance is a behavior that is seen as harmful, disruptive, or criminal. However, it may come as the result of being statistically unique. This brings into question whether there can be positive deviance. For example, if a student got straight A+ grades, the Underachievers Club may view them like a deviant. As a group, they may place sanctions on them above and beyond what they would the average student. This illustrates the concept that deviance must be seen through the lens of the social or cultural context that it takes place in (Keel, 2008).
Social norms are the types of behavior that are established and maintained by society and are considered to be acceptable. Because deviance is the transgression of a norm a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice

... information of the “personality type” of his audience when it is applicable. Balance Learning the lessons of history, the homilist, to be effective communicators of the Gospel message, has to acquire balance in the capacities at his disposal. Preachers who have mastered, for instance, their delivery prowess can be dominated by the Pathos, their personal charism, and become a mere spectacular show bereft of the salvific message they are supposed to deliver. The congregation, in such instances, is reduced to entertained spectators rather than upheld to become enlightened believers. When completely audience-centered, on the other hand, there is the danger of the homilist and his message loosing authority and getting diffused...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Death Penalty: Does it Serve as a Deterrent to Future Crime

Animal instincts are directed towards self-preservation and it is the law of nature that a stronger and healthier individual has more chances of living than his weaker counterpart. The survival of the fittest has now been established as a ground reality according to Darwinian philosophy. If we eliminate our civilized thought process, it emerges as a stark reality that we would not desist from attacking another living person or animal when we are overcome by the basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. In times of natural disasters like earthquakes, wars and floods, and manmade disasters like war, it is not uncommon to witness ravaged populations shedding the façade of civilization and resorting to violence in order to fu...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

..., would rise. This is because the consumer’s purchasing power increases when his real income increases. Consumer sovereignty principle illustrates the fact that in a free market economy the consumer is free to consume what he wants. However, the consumer’s sovereignty does not have meaning if he/she is unable to buy what he/she wants. This paradox is solved through government intervention in the provision of those merit goods such as health care and education. On the other hand agency theory indicates that conflicts between principals (e.g. shareholders or owners) and agents (e.g. mangers) occur as a result of the latter misrepresenting facts and misinterpreting information so that resources can be diverted to uses...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Theres No Other Store like David Jones

Established back in 1838, David Jones offers the public with a wide range of services including bridal registry, florist, interior decorator, beauty treatment like spa, and online wine club (David Jones, 2009a). With the use of printed catalogs and store expansion, David Jones is also selling branded goods like Bulgari, Fendi, Zegna, and Ferragamo (David Jones, 2009b). Aside from selling toys, books, stationery, electronic goods, and furniture; David Jones is also selling men’s and women’s clothing among others.

Despite the global financial crisis, David Jones remains firm in targeting the higher end market (Case Study, p. 381). In line with this, the relationship between market segmentation, market targetin...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Free Cash Flows Theory

These are not hard and fast rules in determining the capital structure which should best affect a firms value. These theories lay down the benefits and the costs when a firm chooses what it sees as an adequate mix to maximise the shareholders value.

One of the implications where this research can lead include the possibility of the effectiveness in maximising shareholder value by employing two or more theories in capital structure decisions. Because these theories are more conditional by nature, probing which combinations when used for capital structure decisions are more effective in arriving at the goal of maximising firm value can be another subject for further research.
The role of capital structure in increasi...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Using Computers to Teach Mathematics is Better than Traditional Methods

... in order to support what has already been taught within the traditional classroom. They have a distinct advantage over textbooks teaching of being able to make effective use of sound and movies to aid learning. To give an example, a teacher can explain a function or equation verbally and through written notes but a graph in the textbook makes it much clearer. However, the computer can allow even more than this by bringing the graph alive. It is indeed more informative and enjoyable to be able to input values and change parameters at will and to then see the effects on the function or equation immediately on the screen of the computer. At least in the developed world, excuses of not having computer access are unacceptable nowadays...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

... within the limits of authority and responsibility and (c) team work must be encouraged. These aspects would be relevant within the context of early childhood education, because when the contribution of these employees is appreciated and they are treated well, they are likely to respond favourably by demonstrating higher levels of motivation. By working in teams, they will be able to share their frustrations and problems with other employees and this would be very helpful to them in coping with their problems. They are likely to gain insight from each other, as they discuss the different ways in which they have solved the problems they come up with in the workplace. One of the most important functions a manager has is to motivate...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Production of Crime Rates

In addition, the paper discusses best preventive and crime mitigating measures where major research findings assert the power of effective communication between stakeholders towards advancing a sustainable solution. Clearly, NCVS (2010) data asserts that coordination between the police, locals, and judges is paramount in ensuring criminals identification to face legal procedures. Other elements, which are also discussed, include the creation of employment prospects and provision of basic education on good societal morals. Effects of criminal activities and its economic implications are also covered.
Criminal activities are increasingly becoming prevalent in our communities with the majority being affected. Because of its wide-r...
19 Pages(4750 words)Research Paper

Why the Crime Rates in the US Cities Is Higher than in Small Towns

...Crime rates in large cities are much more than in small cities, towns or even in rural areas. This is a situation that has been pervasive for many years now. This is a paper that is trying to find out some of the cities in United States of America where crime rates are high. It is also meant to know how racial ethnicity has affected the rate of crime and why it has affected the rate of crime. The paper attempts to explain this by utilizing various victimization data, uniform crime reports, and various evidences that have been given concerning criminal behavior. This is a research that is based purely in the American states where the rate of crime has advanced over the years (Blumstein 24). There are numerous pecuniary benefits for crimes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Can Social Bonding Theory Explain Why The US Has Higher Crime Rates Than Other Nations for FREE!

Contact Us