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Controling and minimizing cross-border terrorism and illegal trafficking of humans and drugs are the most challenging aspects of transnational crimes. An estimated 600,000 to 800,000 (the numbers are increasing every year) humans in the form of children, teenagers and women and men are the annual victims of this modern-day slavery of human trafficking. These victims of modern-day slavery are subjected to fraud, force or coercion to sexual exploitation and labor. (U.S Dept. of State, 2008)
Othe illegal trafficking of humans, today, terrorism together with illegal trafficking of drugs is on the rise. To be able to tackle these issues that pose serious threat to the individual nations and mankind as a whole, a good strategy in terms of policy making is required. Polices that will be able to sufficiently express the predicament of transnational crimes in broader terms, and which will later help stretch the limited budget for the purpose.
So in order to put across the urgent need to tackle with these crimes of transnational nature, that can cripple the country from its' inside in much extensive terms, the President decided to focus on three countries. The three countries are- Canada, Iran and France. The focus on these three countries will not provide only with the invaluable insights on how these countries engage in dealing with the three transnational forms of crimes, but also help in gaining the individual countries cooperation.
On a global scale the industry of illegal drugs has grown to $400 billion (US $) approximately (Riley D.,1998).
This rise in the illegal drugs industry has acted as fuel for organized crime; it has lead to the corruption of governments, violence and distortion of economic markets.
Illegal drug trades and drug abuse has always been a crippling feature of the international as well as national scenes. For years attempts have been and are being made to combat the trafficking of illegal drugs and its' abuse, individually and bilaterally. However, these attempts have not been as successful as expected, but it has made the nations realize that the only through which this issue can be effectively handled is internationally coordinated action.
The international cooperation to combat against drug abuse and illegal drug trade started in 1961, with the, Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, followed by Convention of Psychotropic Substances in 1971 and the Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988. (Ludec D. and Lee J., 2003)
Canada as a nation is not so much harsh in its, 'war on drugs'. The state has assigned much of its resources and energy to treatment rather than on enforcement. The nation's National Drug Strategy that was first launched in 1987 and renewed after every 5 years stresses demand reduction and increase in efficient treatment programs. In 1990, after it sanctioned the third UN convention of 1988, it made major changes and revisions in its drugs and narcotics related legislations- as to fulfill the international obligations as per the conventions. On 20th June 1996, it adopted the new legislation, Bill C-8, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA). The main purpose of CDSA that forms the integral part of Canada's National Drug Strategy is, "to provide a framework for the control of import, production, export, distribution and use of mind-altering
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4). The issue of human trafficking, from an overall perspective, is associated with various development related problems that include poverty, social inclusion, and issues pertaining to the rule of law. The term human trafficking pertains to illegal trading of humans primarily for forced labour or sexual exploitation.
The problem appears to be very contriving in nature in the nations where the production of drugs has become a part of their economy and social policies. Programs constituted by the United States to control the drug supply and trafficking for smoothing the progress of the movement of the goods and services are often hampered by several regulations at the international level. Current law makes it obligatory for the President, with few exceptional situations, to withdraw help or any cooperation with the nations that are not complying with the rules and obligations of the counter narcotics.
This involves execution of necessary laws and regulations to prevent crimes from taking place particularly within a country including the national borders. Drug and human trafficking are among some of the most serious crimes in the country (Stark 2011, pg.
Not only has this increased drug abuse among youths in the U.S, but has also perpetrated other criminal activities such as robbery and carjacking in the quest to obtain money to sustain their activities. Most of these gangs tend to have oversees connection with other drugs cartels and gangs that act as their main suppliers.
Low wages and poverty are rising. With such need, it is not surprising that Russia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for various purposes. Prostitution in Russia is not against the law, and for this reason, the area has become a popular transit point for traffickers.
and girls are forced into prostitution, men and boys into hard labor, children into sex slavery and revolutionary soldiering and babies into adoption. Poverty, female prejudice, unemployment, organized crime outfits, corruption and great prostitute demand are main causes.
Prostitution and trafficking had become linked at the end of the nineteenth century in Europe and North America when industrialization, urbanization, and the unequal distribution of wealth led to increased migration, with accompanying worries about the free
The author states that a group of Colombians connects to Chinese counterfeit market to launder money for illegal drug traffickers in the United States, Europe, and Asia. This money travels through many places disguised in companies’ names and involve exchanges that make it hard to link it with the drugs.
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