Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Should the UK government return to a policy of full state financing of student - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In a rapidly-changing and progressively competitive world, the task of higher education in endowing the labour force with relevant and suitable skills, in encouraging innovation, fostering productivity and in enhancing the quality of life is extremely vital and imperative…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.2% of users find it useful
Should the UK government return to a policy of full state financing of student
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Should the UK government return to a policy of full state financing of student"

Download file to see previous pages In recent years, education, specifically higher education, stood as one of the most contentious topics of discussion in public policy forums and government policymaking in the UK. As witnessed, several academic changes have been instigated, others have remained pending, and in some quarters, significant reform packages have been put forward, on the drawing board ready for deliberations or are presently being deliberated upon.
In the UK and in other countries of the world, higher education is confronted with three problems - universities are inadequately funded, escalating apprehensions about quality, the dearth of student support, proportion of students coming from underprivileged environments is deplorably insignificant and the financing of universities is in the state of collapse since money is sourced from general taxation, however, the beneficiaries are those coming from more affluent conditions (Barr, 2003, p.371).
The plan to restructure higher education (HE) funding has caused so much controversy. Much of the wrangling has been centered on what the reforms will mean for those students coming from different family income backgrounds and the level of liabilities they will shoulder in their higher education experience. Likewise, apprehensions have been brought up on how the graduates will be affected by these debt repayments all through their working lives, as well as whether or not the funds raised will significantly improve the condition and circumstances of universities (Dearden, Fitzsimons & Goodman, 2004, p. 5)
Brief Statistics At present, there are 168 higher education institutions in the UK, of which 90 are universities. In the years 2002-2003, enrollees reached up to 2.2 million in UK universities and colleges. In England, the participation rate for 18-30 year olds in higher education was 44%. In the same period, there were 184,700 international students studying in the UK, as well as 90,600 from the EU. Universities employ more than 300,000 staff; 1.8% of the total UK labour force. UK's higher education generates an annual 4 billion in foreign earnings and education and training exports are worth 10.2 billion. Public funding of higher education per student dropped by 37% between 1989 and 2002. During the same period student numbers grew by 94%.
Source: Universities UK, Manifesto, General Election, 2005
A Quick Look at the Proposals
January 27, 2004 saw the endorsement of the Higher Education Bill by the MPs which aimed to eradicate tuition fees for students and institute variable fees of up to 3,000/year from years 2006-07. In this plan, graduates will be allowed a sponsored Graduate Contribution Scheme or GCS loan equal to the value of their fees. Likewise, graduates from 2009 will put in 9% of earnings over and above 13,925 every year to pay off the loan. In line with inflation, the outstanding value of the loan will expectedly increase each year, with any amount left unsettled after twenty-five years being cancelled.
Another scheme calls for students of underprivileged backgrounds to receive financial support of at least 300/year if full top-up fees will be charged by the institution. With the most recent proposals, students ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Should the UK government return to a policy of full state financing of Essay”, n.d.)
Should the UK government return to a policy of full state financing of Essay. Retrieved from
(Should the UK Government Return to a Policy of Full State Financing of Essay)
Should the UK Government Return to a Policy of Full State Financing of Essay.
“Should the UK Government Return to a Policy of Full State Financing of Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Should the UK government return to a policy of full state financing of student

Health care policy and financing

...?HEALTH CARE POLICY AND FINANCING Introduction As much as governments put in interventions to improve healthcare by coming up with policies and programs, it is important that all other stakeholders play their individual roles in ensuring that the policies and programs yield the objectives with which they were set up. In the case of the Medicare & Medicaid Innovation, there are numerous roles that different stakeholders can play in ensuring that the policy achieves its set goal. One of the major stakeholders for the Medicare & Medicaid Innovation could be identified to the professional nurse (Koduah, 2008). Below are various competencies that the nurse is expected to exhibit in the face of the Medicare & Medicaid Innovation. 712.1.1...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper


...?Running Head: CURRENT HEALTHCARE POLICIES AND IMPACT CURRENT HEALTHCARE POLICIES AND IMPACT IntroductionA number of healthcare bills have been introduced in the modern times across nations. In the United States, some of these new legislative bills have sought to implement reforms in the healthcare industry as they seek to protect public welfare in the modern times. One of these bills is the Healthcare Bill 1003 that was created by the Mississippi state in 2012 (Wolf, 2001). In analyzing this legislative bill and its impact to the economy of the country, this essay seeks to evaluate the equity of resources allocation as it explains why the bill should be passed in the modern times. Analysis of the Healthcare Bill 2012 As earlier mentioned...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Student Tuition Fees Policy

This paper will seek to establish the major underlying assumptions conceded by the education policy makers in the UK and explore the pressing and controversial issue of student’s tuition fees payment in the UK higher education structures. Education in the UK, just like in the rest of the world is regarded as an important undertaking by both an individual and the society. This is because of the benefits of schooling or otherwise acquiring education that accrue to the education seeker. Henkel and Little (1999) state that education is an important instrument in social policy and a lot of social welfare initiatives go towards education. In the welfare state by the government and the local authorities, funds allocated to education ave...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Virginia State Local Government

.... This claim is supported by findings of experts that wages and salaries in the north are indeed higher than the rest of Virginia, where incidentally more African-Americans can be found. Given the existence of inequity between northern and southern counties, an obvious solution to the problem would actually be for the government to strive to make state of things equal, given the injustices and unfairness present in Virginia nowadays. However, the question is: how do legislators go about doing this For one, legislators can push for the use of other guidelines other than the Dillon rule. The Dillon Rule, a guideline used by Virginia judges for interpretation of laws in the state, was shown as something that limits local governments...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Virginia State Government

and Number Due Regular Recipient of FEMA Funds Although the largest natural disasters, like Hurricane Katrina, receive most of our attention, smaller disaster occur quite frequently, and the state of Virginia is a regular recipient of funds from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
FEMA can be applied for by any state, as it is a federal program; however, the state of Virginia makes application, and receives services, on a pretty regular basis. In September 1999, Hurricane Floyd hit Virginia. According to the Virginia Disaster Recovery newsletter, President Bill Clinton declared a state of emergency on Sept. 18, making monies available for “grants to pay for temporary housing, minor home repairs and other serious di...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Government Policy

... & Number: Law (Government and Politics) 30 December (estimated word count – 323) The most important lesson I learned in this course is that government policies can be changed, depending on the mood and opinion of the public. Politicians can sometimes resort to political expediency when it comes to certain social, political and economic issues. This is a good way for how democracy works out, because it shows that politicians are at least quite sensitive to the public pulse. However, there are some issues which can get very contentious like the issues of divorce, abortion, euthanasia (mercy killing), same-sex marriages and now a re-visiting of a highly-controversial “dont ask, dont tell” policy of the United States military. I learned...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Financing Government Operations

... of Norfolk Virginia can effectively finance and implement its policy regarding the promotion of tourism in the region. Economic Conditions that affect Revenue Projections: There are a number of economic conditions that may directly affect the revenue projections of the city. One of the major economic factors is the recession. Economic recession refers to the downward growth of an economy. When the economy is experiencing some elements of recession, then it is difficult for the federal, state, and local governments to raise enough money from taxes (Norfolk Virginia, 2014). This is because the rates of investments are down, unemployment becomes high, and it would be difficult for the local government to get grants from state and federal...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

UK Government Urban Policy Agenda

The implication of various reports that have been projecting the growth of population in UK is increased house-building especially on undeveloped green fields. Every incoming government has been targeting to increase the number of houses in the cities in order to solve the housing problem. However, according to the Urban Task Force, these interventions are insufficient. This is because an appropriate strategy must address the increasing level of dissatisfaction among the city residents. Many of these people feel that little attention is being directed towards making city life better . Therefore, there is an argument that the policies should not only focus on accommodating people in urban areas, but also make the cities attractive...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Ontarios Full-day kindergarten policy

...Education policies al Affiliation Education policies Introduction Education policies refer to those principles and government regulations stipulated to control and govern the education systems in order to ascertain with the best, both intended and unintended results from its processes. Education is carried out in several forms with different purposes and through various institutions. These include early childhood education, kindergarten through to high school, college, adult education and job training. From the previously stated, education affects almost all spheres of one’s life and is progressive. Its policies thus should be carefully thought through in order to enable higher attainment of its purposes and intent. Some of these policies...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Government and Police State

This paper focuses on BIAs in Seattle, in the US. The paper will discuss on BIAs in Seattle including BIA best practices; creating a BIA including the legal requirements and operating a BIA.
The growth of American cities began around downtown and neighborhood main streets with majority of the people occupying them being independent businesses and local property owners. The rapid development of the infrastructure particularly the highway expansion provided an incentive for growth of Automobiles during the World War II. The availability of relatively inexpensive mortgages led to the rise in housing development.1 Outlaying shopping malls became the dominant feature especially in downtowns and other older relatively older commerci...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

United States Foreign Policy from 1945-1991

American Presidents presiding over some key events in history, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Cold War, The Vietnam War, etc., were hindered from acting as public representatives due to pressure from the military-industrial complex. John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, George Herbert Walker Bush, and George W. Bush – all of them were subject to these opposing interests. But eventually, the corporate-government nexus proved too powerful; and in this sense, American Presidents after the Second World War were largely restricted and powerless to uphold their higher personal values. Most of the strategic moves on part of the United States after the end of the Great War were directly in response to an anticipated th...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

The Trade Union Movement in the UK

Before the ERA 1999, union membership and recognition in the UK were characterized by voluntarism, in which employers and employees could bargain over the terms and conditions of employment without any legal interference. With the statutory system ushered in by the new law, voluntary recognition of unions is no longer allowed and it becomes unlawful for British employers to deny recognition to unions under any circumstances. That conveys the impression that ERA created a radical change in British industrial relations. This paper takes the contrary view, however, and proposes that while the new industrial relations law looks revolutionary in principle, there are no fundamental changes in actuality for the change to qualify as &ldqu...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Self-Defence against Non-State Actors

Prior to 1945, there was no unified international prohibition on a unilateral resort to force and the UN Charter sought to radicalize international politics through a general prohibition on the use of unilateral force by member states. The prohibition was officially enshrined in Article 2(4) of the Charter, which provides that:
“All member states shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations”(UN Charter Article 2(4) 1945).
Despite the purported ban on the unilateral use of force, the parameters of Article 2(4)’s applicabili...
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment

Credit Crunch in the UK

To sell more profitable subprime mortgages, mortgage companies bundled the debt into consolidation packages and sold the debt on to other finance companies. In other words, mortgage companies borrowed to be able to lend mortgages. For example, the lending was not financed out of saving accounts (Mortgage Guide).

These mortgage debts were bought by financial intermediaries. The idea was to spread the risk, but, actually, it just spread the problem. Usually, subprime mortgages would have a high-risk assessment rating. But, when the mortgage bundles got passed onto other lenders, rating agencies gave these risky subprime mortgages a low risk rating. Therefore, the financial system denied the extent of risk in their balance...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

What Are the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Rise of the Modern State

Though the existence of the state can be felt in different walks of everyday life, yet it is an intangible whose nature is impossible to grasp. As a political institution, state embodies the concept of sovereignty. Devetak (2007) describes it as a political unit or a country that possesses sovereignty. State can thus be described as a single, unified whole confined within territorial borders. The state is built in a core geographical area with allowances to a certain extent on the boundaries. According to Strayer (1970), a state exists in the hearts and minds of the people. The collective personality of the state renders it immortal. The state is a multi-faced concept that is fuzzy around its edges. Consequently, we cannot develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Information Security Policy of Organization

In the modern age of information technology, there are many threats created for organizational information. Organizations need a security model that has the capability to handle and secure our information reserves. Technical administrative safety /security measures like security plans, actions and procedures are the general practices for the organizational information security procedures. The attentiveness of producing actions is concerned by the organizations to an appreciably smaller level, on the other hand at the same time these are weighed up as being further efficient organizational actions than technical administrative ones. Information security encompasses organizational features, officially authorized aspects, institution...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Strategies of the South African Government

Maslow has argued that security and safety are required by all human beings (Boeree 2006). According to the Federation Internationale de Football Association (2009), Uruguay was the first nation to host the Fifa World Cup. In 2010, South Africa would be the first African nation to host the next World Cup. But Euromonitor (2009) considers that South Africa is a country with a significant rate of insecurity that would influence the trip to South Africa. Various security strategies will have to be reviewed by the South African Government in order to implement security and safety during this big event (Republic of South Africa, 2008). To accomplish the safety of the tourists during the World Cup 2010, many South African cities have in...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Proposal

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

European Union Policy: Turkey

AD 47-57  St. Paul spreads Christianity and a community at Antioch is established, 638-718 Muslim Arabs besiege Constantinople,1453 The fall of Constantinople - the birth of Istanbul,1854 Crimean war,1914 Turkey allies with Germany in the first world war,1923 Foundation of the modern Republic of Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, 1985-90 Full EU membership for Turkey impeded by Cypriot issue and questions over human rights record,1991-93 Suleyman Demirel elected Prime Minister, inflation at 70%,1993-96, Demirel President, Tansu Ciller Prime Minister, Turkey joins EU Customs Union.1997-98 5 attempts at forming coalition governments, Islamic Welfare party disbanded, reforms as Virtue and is the largest single party in parliame...

9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

The Key Macro Factors that Have Influenced the UK Grocery Retailing Industry since the Early 1960s

...1. Assess the key macro factors that have influenced the UK grocery retailing industry since the early 1960s. The concept of organisational change is inherently intertwined with external threats and opportunities, which businesses must adapt to as part of strategic planning to continue long term growth. Senior and Fleming argue that the concept of organisational change has many faces, namely “convergent changes and transformational change that is organisation wide and characterised by radical shifts in strategy, mission values and associated changes of structures and systems” (In Thompson & Martin, 2005, p.41). Moreover, Johnson et al highlight that external macro-economic factors intrinsically impact strategy management and without...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Should the UK government return to a policy of full state financing of student for FREE!

Contact Us