Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Between Thomas Hobbes' and John Locke's views on peace, it may be asserted that Hobbes' understanding is more convincing because he takes general human behavior through history into consideration, and asserts that there is no guarantee how human beings will act in the absence of rule of law…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes"

Download file to see previous pages Fundamentally, it is human nature that is focused upon in such theories, and this helps to explain the manner in which situations develop through time. Generally, it can be asserted that any theory that applies to society needs to have some kind of perspective on human nature too that would help to explain the situation in which man lives today. Whichever way one views human behavior, the present condition today has to be explained through that particular perspective. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes are two social theorists that took human nature into great consideration in their work, and they each explained the manner in which society developed through this behavior. They also explained how society functions and how things have come to be socially and politically speaking through this behavior. Specifically, one of the their main areas of focus is 'peace' and how human beings up hold the idea of peace. Locke and Hobbes each have interesting views on this subject, and address it in their renowned works: John Locke's Second Treatise of Government and Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan.
The subject of peace for John Locke in his 'Second Treatise of Government' is viewed from a particular angle. ...
t is not a state of licence: though man in that state have an uncontroulable liberty to dispose of his person or possessions, yet he has not liberty to destroy himself" (C H A P. II. Of the State of Nature: Sect. 6). This clearly refers to suicide, and that in a liberal society people are not supposed to take their lives. Locke further asserts that it is wrong to take anyone else's life too. He asserts that man " has not liberty to destroy himself, or so much as any creature in his possession" (C H A P. I I. Of the State of Nature: Sect. 6). If one takes his or her own life or anyone else's, peace in society would be disrupted, as people would be disturbed. Also, others might resort to the same action and worsen the situation.
Natural Law:
With regard to John Locke's idea above, he bases his reason for this on his explanation of mankind's origin. He asserts that human beings do not have complete freedom to make decisions. Human beings must consider what is right and what they are answerable to. Locke refers to belief in God through this view, and this is evident when he writes about the state of nature. Locke asserts, "The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions: for men being all the workmanship of one omnipotent" (C H A P. II. Of the State of Nature: Sect. 6). Therefore, Locke asserts that whenever one takes a step in society, s/he ought to consider what a higher authority expects of him or her. It needs to be emphasized here that this view requires one to have a firm belief in a superior being. Undoubtedly, it may be asserted that such belief does aim ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Essay”, n.d.)
Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Essay. Retrieved from
(Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Essay)
Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Essay.
“Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes

...?Section a. Thomas Hobbes wrote about the condition of Human Nature and its consequences. In the passage, the condition referred to by Hobbes is the condition of war between man and man. In the text, Hobbes indicated several attitudes innate to human beings which potentially lead themselves to war with one another. b. Ironically, the search of equality and having been able to attain it is initially the reason why war occurs. Hobbes noted that “if any two men desire the same thing which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies” (Hobbes par. 3) considering that they only aim for it for their own conservation and delectation only. Man’s capriciousness is a threat to themselves and the desire for what others have gained...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Nature of Man

..."So that in the nature of man, we find three principall causes for quarell. First Competition; Secondly, Diffidence; Thirdly Glory."(Hobbes 185) In Chapter XIII, Hobbes describes man as "equall" and the difference between man and man is not so considerable. However, Prudence makes such an "equality incredible" as it asserts a kind of vain concept within man that he is to a greater degree "more equal" (Like Animal Farm by George Orwell) than the Vulgar. Interestingly, Hobbes describes that from the equality rise all the feelings of diffidence, anticipation and the will to a common power, which in used in "acts of conquest", which man always "pursue farther" than what is generally required. The concept of "common power" is a very interesting...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke/pro John Locke

...Thomas Hobbes and John Locke stand out as two of the most prominent and influential of the political philosophers. Both are ified as social contract theorists but Hobbes, whose work predates Locke's by approximately one century, was the polar opposite of the latter. Indeed, it would hardly be an exaggeration were one to claim that the one's theory is the antithesis of the other's. The aforementioned is evidenced in the fact that both had very different notions of human nature and, accordingly, of the rationale behind the entry of citizens into a social contract, the implications of the said contracts and the rights of the populace versus the limits of government. Indeed, the differences between the two are such that Locke ultimately...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Social Contract Theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Thus, in a social contract to which they voluntarily consented, they created the state for the purpose of promoting and preserving their natural rights to life, liberty and property.
It was John Locke who painted a picture of liberty of citizens and authority of government in tones which were far moderate than that of Thomas Hobbes. Men in a state of nature could make use of their perfect freedom for their own good, since they were reasonable men. To John Locke, men did not abuse their Liberty. They did not threaten the lives of their neighbors. He wrote:
Though this is a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of license. The state of nature of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges everyone; and reason,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes

... Hobbes points out that this has never actually happened in history. However, it helps to explain why people in countries often suffer from mistrust, violence and criminality. This ‘state of nature’ is central to Hobbes’ view of the world. This reason this is not a reality is because it is blocked by fear and reason. Reason is how man knows how to escape from the state of nature and this is how the natural laws are created which allow man to live in peace. Hobbes then develops his ideas on the ‘laws of nature’. This works against the destructive nature of the ‘state of nature’ and helps man to maintain peace and stability. These laws are instinctive to man and are obtainable though natural reason and philosophy. The first law is the law...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes

...Hobbes Thomas Hobbes deals with the structure of society and legitimate government in his renowned book Leviathan, The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil, and the second part of the book, under the title Of Commonwealth, offers a convincing account of the relevance, functions, and types of commonwealth. The author provides the purpose of the commonwealth at the opening section of the Part II and it guarantees the final cause, end, or design of men, who love liberty and dominion over others. Thus, according to Hobbes, the commonwealth guarantees safety and protection of its citizens, and thereby a more contented life for them. (Hobbes, 223) It also helps them in getting themselves out from that miserable...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Social Contract Theory

...Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Social Contract Theory 20th, December John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were social theorists responsible for the development of the social contract theory. This theory mainly suggests the formation of a stable society is influenced by people’s moral responsibilities, which rely on their collective agreement. These two social theorists use the social contract theory to explain how the government phenomenon rose to existence. The perceptions in their individual social contrast theory emanate from their works in Political Philosophy. John Locke published Two Treatise of Government, while Hobbes published Leviathan, which, are based on Political Philosophy. In these two books, Locke and Hobbes’ views on the social...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

...The Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke The Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke hold different opinions on political authority. Locke believes that human beings are born free and equal; nature provides everyone with rights and governments are only formed to protect existing rights. This is different from Hobbes’ assumption that humankind is evil by nature and chaotic if left uncontrolled. Therefore, Hobbes advocates for absolute rule. Judging the two philosophers, the form of political authority that Locke favors is unrealistic. Hobbes believes that humankind is constantly faced by the threat of mayhem as everyone strives to satisfy their passions. As a result, formation...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

John Miltons Concept of God in Paradise Lost

However, Milton understood that the ways of God were manifold and not necessarily understandable to his creations. Therefore, it should not be surprising that while his concept of God as expressed in this epic demonstrates a god who is both reasonable and just, He is also seen as paradoxical, often expecting what should not reasonably be expected. In addition to presenting his readers with his image of a good yet contradictory God, Milton carefully outlines his concept of the importance of Free Will as opposed to the concept of predetermination.

Milton begins painting his image of God as all powerful and all reasonable with the first book, as Satan talks with his companion about the fall they have experienced together....
9 Pages(2250 words)Book Report/Review

Post-Cold War: Democratic Peace and Environmental Conflict

The two blocs attempted to prove that their ideologies were better and some of the significant issues they attempted to present their ideas on were liberalism, globalization, ethnic conflict, and democratic peace.

The ideologies of the Western bloc were pro-liberalism as they believed in having a free market or mixed economy and giving due rights to individuals. In contrast, the Eastern bloc fought in favor of a planned economy with everything under the authority of central power. One bloc treated global peace as a result of democracy while the other bloc presented views to suggest that democratic peace is an unattainable concept. These debates and issues became even more heated with the worsening global political situa...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

The Philosophy and Theories of John Locke

The ‘state of nature’ according to social contract theory describes the hypothetical condition of humanity before the state’s foundation and its monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force (Wikipedia). The 17th and 18th-century thinkers believed that whatever good things one had in the ‘state of nature’ should not be lost when one entered into society. They even evaluated the government based on this condition. The citizens of New Orleans like everyone else had been living in the ‘state of nature’ and hence their sentiments and revolt against the government is natural when their expectations have not been met. Locke believed that in the state of nature, men mostly kept their promises....
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

John Lockes View of Ownership in Context with the Mabo v Queensland

According to Ian Harris, Locke’s idea of justice simply suggests that the conformity between action & the rule of propriety should be understood in the sense of ‘a right to anything’ (Harris, 2000, p. 49). That means human rights must be restored in society, and when it comes to property, it can be examined in context with ‘abundance’. The more abundant is the property, the more usage of it can be met. However, the ‘abundance’ factor cannot be fulfilled in today’s economic conditions. Chapter V of the Second Treatise defines ‘property’ as land according to Locke and can be examined in two different ways. First, that land, property or external objects that are owned by...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Black Like Me by John Howard Griffin

However, Robert Merton tried to divert the focus of structural functionalists to social functions rather than on individual motives. He developed the idea of dysfunction or, an adverse effect on the ability of the parts of a social system to function. Unlike structural functionalists who focus on the cohesion caused by shared societal values, “conflict theorists emphasize the role of power in maintaining order in society (Ritzer 87). They see the importance of raw hate, violence, crudity, and inhumanity that the Negroes/black Americans experienced from the whites in establishing order and change in society.
Symbolic interactionists, on the other hand, focus “on interaction (as well as action and people as agents)...
12 Pages(3000 words)Article

The Characters Tyler and Jack in Fight Club and Calvin and Hobbes the Philosophers and the Cartoon Characters Based Upon Them

...The Characters Tyler and Jack In Fight Club And Calvin and Hobbes (The Philosophers and the Cartoon Characters Based Upon Them): A Comparison Analysis of literature in a creative way requires some seriousness of thought. Here it will be attempted to link excerpts from the script Fight Club and the philosophies of John Calvin and Thomas Hobbes. 

The major link between the two will be demonstrated through the ethical and moral scruples of the cartoon Calvin and Hobbes, which will be described further in detail later on herein. The characters in Fight Club are supposed to mirror Calvin and Hobbes, and Calvin and Hobbes are supposed to mirror the philosophers John Calvin and Thomas Hobbes. 

 One of the more amusing scenes...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Analysis of John Locke and Jeremy Bentham Phylosophy

John Locke spent six years there before he went on to Oxford in 1652 where he studied Logic, Metaphysics and Classical Languages. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1956 and continued in Oxford where he was successful in achieving his Master of Arts degree in 1658. It was after receiving this degree that he decided to study medicine and he came under the influence of renowned physician Thomas Sydenham. Locke later assumed the position of personal physician to Lord Ashley, who was known as one of the richest men in England at that time, and also Earl of Shaftesbury.

Locke's presence at Ashley’s home was more than that of a physician. After Lord Ashley became Earl of Shaftesbury and declared Lord Chancellor,...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Geography of War and Peace

... now taken on new dimensions according to Flint. The political and social causes that justify terrorism are no longer related to these factors, but have taken a geographical dimension as well (Flint 199). In other words, those people who indulge in terrorism are now interested in capturing geographical territories as well. Lashkar E Toiba, the infamous organization that is indulging in terrorism is based in Pakistan. They had their own individual agendas like liberation of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. But its leaders now state that their current aim is to take over Pakistan as well. This is another example of the link between terrorism and geopolitics. They will then continue their other agendas once this is achieved. Geopolitics...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

The Rise and Fall of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey was born in 1471 in Ipswich. His father Robert Wolsey was a butcher.2 Thomas Wolsey completed his education at Magdalena College, Oxford and was then appointed a master over there. He became a priest of Marlborough in 1498 and then the chaplain to the archbishop of Canterbury, Henry Dean in 1502. In 1503 after the death of the archbishop, Wolsey became the chaplain to Sir Richard Nanfan. Sir Richard trusted Thomas Wolsey and allowed him to handle a lot of matters of his state. It is believed that it was Sir Richard who introduced Wolsey to King Henry V11. It was after the death of Sir Richard that Thomas Wolsey actually entered politics and came to work under Henry V11. This was the start of his political ca...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Peace According to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes for FREE!

Contact Us