Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Fifteen years ago the economist, Stephen Polasky (1992), identified information as one of the most valuable commodities known to man. Information, as he argued, was coveted both because of its tangible and intangible value, because of its financial and non financial rewards…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.7% of users find it useful
Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace"

Download file to see previous pages The consequences of unauthorized access, on the one hand, and the tampering with information, on the other, are enormous, whether accessed in terms of its impact upon individuals, corporate entities or the economy as a whole (Sturdevant, 2005). Indeed, a considerable of the potential consequences of the unauthorised violation of information, or of cyberattacks, highlights the aforementioned.
Much has been written about the consequences of cyberattacks and the extent to which the theft, unauthorized access or tampering with information has the potential to wreak havoc upon individual lives, companies and economies. In explaining this, Schwartau (1994) identified three levels of information warfare, each of which had its own unique characteristics, targets and, naturally, consequences. The first level, referred to by Schwartau (1994) as interpersonal Attacks,' focuses on identity theft, both of individuals and of corporations. The successful theft of identity, entailing the gathering of personal/corporate information and records, allows the identity thief to pose as the person/entity in question. Through possession of information such a credit history, driving records, medical files/history and accounts, the identity thief can proceed to harass the entity/person in question and assassinate his/her character or corporate reputation (Schwartau, 1994).
While interpersonal attacks, primarily limited to identity threat, are classified as the first level of information warfare, the harm done to victims can take years and substantial amounts of money to repair. As Block (2007) reports, official crime statistics indicate that approximately 5% of all American adults have been victimized and, as a consequence, have witnessed both the destruction of their credit history and, in many instances, their reputation. On the corporate level, however, identity theft may be identified as a serious annoyance more than a problem insofar as the theft of corporate identity is much more difficult than the theft of individual identity and much easier to disprove. That does not mean to imply that it is not problematic or that it does not expose the entity in question to both financial loss and negative publicity but only that its consequences are much more containable than those which result from one of the other two levels of information warfare.
Within the context of level two information warfare, referred to by Schwartau (1994) as InfoWar, the consequences are infinitely more serious and substantially more costly. InfoWar, as defined by Schwartau (1994), involves sabotage, the theft of company records, including client and subscriber lists, and industrial espionage. A not uncommon scenario can involve the theft of client and subscriber lists and their subsequent selling to a competitor. In order to highlight the magnitude of the consequences of this act of InfoWar, Gold (2001) discusses the consequences of InfoWar in relation to Encyclopedia Britannica, which was subjected to such a cyberattack incident approximately ten years ago. Its database, containing the names of 3,000,000 subscribers was stolen and sold to a competitor. That database, considered the company's most valuable asset, was conservatively estimated at $1,000,000. Needless to say, the company lost tens of thousands of subscribers, not to mention the financial loss it incurred (Gold, 2001).
InfoWar is not, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace

Via Turnitin,

...? The Overlapping Roles of Barrister and Solicitor In modern-day Britain, there are two types of lawyers—that of the barrister and the solicitor. Thesplit of the two legal professions have always caused some confusion in terms of its legal roles, functions, and training. In this paper, I would like to highlight the various areas as to why barristers and solicitors are different, assess the differences of the two legal professions, and derive my conclusion from this assessment if there is still a continued need for a legal separation of the two professions. Barrister A barrister is a member of the legal profession that has been ‘called to the Bar’ ergo the name. They argue their cases before the court and also serve as legal... The Overlapping ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Product Design in Cyberspace

...?What should not be allowed on Ebay and why? Ebay is an online company which provides all kinds of vendors with an opportunity to sell over or auction merchandise of any kind (Christensen, 2011). At Ebay, GPS systems should not be allowed for sale. The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a very advanced, accurate and important tracking tool that is frequently made use of by detectives, police, and surveyors etc. It allows an individual to accurately trace any place and facilitates the process of detection. Owing to its extreme usability in matters of criminal significance like robbery, abduction, killing and blasting, criminals can find easy access to it when Ebay allows them to purchase it. This can facilitate them... should not be allowed on ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Product Design in Cyberspace

...?Do Video game designers have a responsibility to be socially responsible and NOT design games that are overly violent, or should video game designers just let the market decide? In the contemporary age, children have easy access to games that are too violent for their maturity level. It is an established fact that a vast majority of clients of the video game makers are little children in their teenage or even younger than that. “It is estimated that 90% of all the youth in the US aged between eight and eighteen are exposed to a Video game” (Okello, 2010). Games are being made on subjects that include but are not limited to sex, rape, murder, robbery, fight, theft, insult and humiliation. This paper discusses whether or not video... Video...
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study

Analysis of Cyberspace

...Analysis of Cyberspace Globalization is one and simple word but it captures a variety of dimension in terms of meaning and its’ widespread worldview, as Mycal Brown puts in vs-1, “In an era where the priority of the state is called into question, the watch- word of geopolitics has changed to globalization”1. Globalization can be viewed both from economic, social, political and power struggles dimensions. In Afghanistan, United States military made an incursion which largely brought drastic changes into the region, US military and military from other parts of the world infused into the system in the region. Energy also is never a stranger, whenever a word globalization is mentioned. Iran have always been slapped with sanctions...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Ethics in Cyberspace

...? Ethics in Cyberspace Computer Ethics happens to be a part of practical philosophy dealing with the manner in which computing professionals engage in decision making, in regards to professional, as well as social conduct. These ethical decisions have a connection with computer technology, as well as usage, are under the personal code of an individual, any form of informal code of ethical behavior existing within the place of work, as well as disclosure to formal codes of ethics. The identification of ethical matters as they arise, along with the definition of dealing with these issues has in the past been problematic. In finding solutions in relation to ethical issues, initially, there is the stating of the ethical problem...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Via Dolorosa

... Section/# The Via Dolorosa: A Historical Approach and Identification of the Importance of the Path Itself and Its Spiritual Connotation As with many places in the Holy Land associated with Christ’s life on earth, the so called “Via Dolorosa”, also referred to as the “Way of Sorrows” or the Way of Grief” has come to occupy an important place in the hearts and minds of many Christians throughout the world. Whereas little is known as to where Christ was specifically born, or where many of the dozens of miracles He performed were exhibited, the path that Christ took from being sentenced to die up until Calvary is more or less known. As such, the following analysis will consider the Via Dolorosa as it currently exists, provide a brief level...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Cyberspace Communication

...CYBERSPACE COMMUNICATION What is the meaning of metaphorical concept according to Lakoff and Johnson In the book Metaphors we Live By written byGeorge Lakoff and Mark Johnson, the term metaphorical concept is used to show how the use of metaphor in language structures what we do and how we understand what we are doing.("The essence of metaphor is understanding and experiencing one kind of thing in terms of another.") 2. Describe an orientational metaphor and provide an example of it that is not in lakoff and Johnson essay. A metaphor that does not structure one concept in terms of another but instead organizes a whole system of concepts with respect to one another is called an orientational metaphor. Most of these metaphors...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Ethics in Cyberspace

... Your The The Ethics in Cyberspace What is ethics Ethics is the art of determining what is right or wrong. Itcan also be defined as a general pattern or way of life, a set of rules of conduct or moral code (Saunders 2). Ethics, not law, has proven time and time again to be a better arbiter of human behavior. It's important to determine why we need to apply ethics in the internet. The first reason is that internet and e-business can reach anywhere. It can connect people who were never capable of being connected before and in ways that were unimaginable only a decade ago. The world is becoming smaller, and as a result, the boundary lines of communities have blurred. The second is, as everybody knows, that information is expensive...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cyberspace and Society

The latest figures indicate that 460,000 CCTV cameras were sold between 1996-1999 (Gadher, 1999). Clive Norris, a criminologist at Hull University stated "A million cameras could be a conservative estimate. On an average day in London, or any other big country in the United States, an individual is filmed by more thancameras from 30 different CCTV networks. The filming goes on throughout the day, and in some areas, such as the London Underground, it is constant" (Gadher, 1999). Local authorities run nearly CCTVs partly funded by Home Office grants. CCTV systems were initially installed in town centers to protect shops but, in the face of the fear of crime, spread to residential districts, schools and parks (Unsworth, 1999). In t...
19 Pages(4750 words)Essay

Friends in Cyberspace

...Your Full Your April 17, Friends in Cyberspace Humans are social animals, which entails that we thrive in social groups rather than on our own. Apart from the family that we are born into, we develop a kinship sort of bond with those who we call our friends. Traditionally, people met each other at our work, school or some social gathering and then slowly, and over a period of extended repeated contact, became friends. However, with the advent of social media, like Orkut and MySpace in the past, and Facebook and Twitter currently (to name just a few), this dynamic has changed. One only has to log into one’s account of any of these social media to meet people and interact with them. It is only natural that some of these interactions lead...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Positive and Negative Consequences of Deforestation

We live on a beautiful planet where natural beauty refreshes our eyes. Forests add to the natural beauty of the world. Forests help in minimizing global warming because of their ability to store carbon. They help in controlling floods, purifying water, cycling nutrients and thus providing food for the millions of people living on this planet. Forests also provide a natural habitat to millions of species of birds and animals. It thus becomes our moral duty to preserve our forests not only for ourselves but for millions of species that live there. unfortunately, technology is not helping us do that (Smith et. al, 2000).
On one hand, man-made machines are doing wonders in the world, on the other hand, they appear equally destruc...
14 Pages(3500 words)Assignment

The Significance of Fast-Food to Young Persons and Possible Health Consequences

The previous chapter identified the objectives of this research project, including the creation of understanding behind the motivations for fast food consumption and the influences that drive this behavior in the UK. In addition, it is important to identify the various dietary implications of fast food consumption from both a professional and clinical perspective and empirical evidence. At the same time, it becomes crucial to highlight whether the fast food industry is responding to social demand for better and healthier food products in order to fully understand the potential outcomes for fast food companies.

The fast-food consumer is characterized by a wide variety of market demographics from the working-class cons...

12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review

Environmental of Consequences of Offshore Drilling

The risks notwithstanding, it is seen that the world needs to reconcile itself to the fact that either new alternative energy sources need to be functionalized, or the demand-supply imbalances need to be redressed through fresh sources. It is common knowledge that most developed countries, including the USA, UK, have supply deficits that seriously endanger their own economies, and through the price mechanism, cause an escalation in oil prices in the international markets. But what solutions need to be developed to contain this problem on a long term basis is a matter of political sagacity and foresight, and a judicious blend of use and conservation based on the principle that oil is not going to last forever.
Oil drilling cou...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Nursing via Music Therapy

...Nursing via Music Therapy MAJOR CONCEPTS Music Therapy aids elderly dementia patients Music therapy helps in dementia patients when it is familiar. An obstacle faced by elderly residential care patients with mental illnesses is a diminished capacity to respond to stress and the unfamiliar. The ability to integrate into a new environment becomes impaired, therefore success has been achieved when elderly patients are immersed in environments with as much familiarity as possible. The styles of music and individual songs they enjoyed while younger can diminish stress levels, as well as modify adverse, external stimuli in their surroundings for the prevention of excessive anxiety. (Ip-Winfield and Groke, 2011.) Benefits include the reduction...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences

...Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences Essay of Introduction Eric Hobsbawm (1991) was not overstating when he proclaimed that “the Industrial Revolution marks the most fundamental transformation of human life in the history of the world recorded in written documents” (p. xi). Understanding the beginnings of modern society requires understanding the causes and consequences of the Industrial Revolution. This essay addresses the following questions: In what ways was the industrial revolution an international event—and why is this significant for understanding its causes and consequences? The Industrial Revolution: A Historical Analysis In contemporary history, Industrial Revolution is the course...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Reasons and Consequences of Global Warming

...Global Warming Introduction The global warming has been the issue of concern for many researchers and scientists. The governments of different countries are focused on preventive measures taking and it is relevant to discuss some effective preventive measurements. Moreover, there is need to discuss whether global warming is myth or reality and if there is a need to develop new eco-friendly industries, reduce GHG emissions etc. Thus, the paper is focused on the issues of global warming, its potential reasons and consequences. Further on it is claimed that global warming is a potential real hazard for flora and fauna, humankind, different aspects of human lives etc. It is a global phenomenon, which is one of the most crucial issues...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Consequences of Living in Las Vegas

... Consequences of living in Las Vegas Introduction The of Las Vegas is famously known as Vegas. The city is based in the state of Nevada in USA. The city is globally popular for its night life and entertainment. Gambling, prostitution, using drugs is a common matter in this city. It has its own charm and exotic attractions. Over the years people around the world are attracted towards this exotic destination. Fun loving men and women come to this city for spending their leisure times. As people from different backgrounds and cultures come to this place so the city have some disadvantages like drug overdose, suicide and losing of money. The characteristic of the city motivates the researcher to analyze the consequences of living in the city...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

What Are the Consequences of Global Warming On Wildlife

...Global Warming” (Image results at: Global Warming is an overall increase in temperature of the planet consequently leading to climatic changes. These changes are due to heat trapped by various green house gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and ozone. It refers to the slow changes that took place with the beginning of industrialization and technological emissions. These emissions are depreciating the natural quality of atmosphere causing changes in global weather patterns. These changes have adequate disastrous potential to bring environmental imbalance. It is therefore global warming is alarming for the planet. It is clear that the temperature...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Oral History of September 11 Terrorist Attacks

Nineteen al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger planes so they could fly them into buildings in suicide attacks (Boger 22). Two of those airliners were crashed into the twin towers of the WTO. The debris and resulting fires caused either the partial or total destruction of other buildings in the WTC complex as well as substantial destruction to ten other structures in the vicinity of the complex. The attackers crashed the third plane into the Pentagon, which housed the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense. The western wing of the building collapsed. The fourth plane was destined for Washington, DC but crashed into an open field at Shanksville in Pennsylvania after its passengers attempted to overpower the attackers....
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Consequences of The Cold War

... scholars believe that the Cold War began in 1917 during the Russian revolution. However, the Russian Revolution was between the US and its allies, who were mostly the western nations, and the Eastern bloc which, was spearheaded by the USSR. Nevertheless the two superpowers did not engage in a fight or applied weapons against each other, but they heavily armed themselves in preparation for a possible all out nuclear world war with each of the superpower countries having a nuclear deterrent that deterred any nuclear attack from the other attacker. The countries used proxy wars, propaganda and ideological influence as fighting techniques during the cold war (Trachtenberg 132). Thus, the war had a great impact on the world. The falling...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Consequences of Attacks via Cyberspace for FREE!

Contact Us