Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The penal laws that were implemented in the 18th century in Ireland served one main purpose, and that was to cripple the Irish Catholics and subject them to harsh conditions that held very little other than disparity. History clearly shows that by the early 1800's much of the land in Ireland was no longer owned by Irish Catholics and that these people were left dealing with illiteracy, and as a nation they had become more like tenant farmers more so than anything else (O'Grada 2004, pg…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland"

Download file to see previous pages Groups were formed to fight what was believed to be a greedy and cruel government, one of these such groups was titled, "The White boys" (Garnham 2006, pg. 403). Historical evidence can only lead one who researches the period of the 18th century in Ireland to have been one where there was terrible inequality, violence, incorrigible criminal acts, disparity, and an unrelenting fear among many of the Irish citizens that defined the period as one of "domination of one group over another" (Garnham 2006, pg. 404).
"The penal laws in Ireland during the 18th century forced many Irish Catholics to have to renounce their religious faith in order to just survive from one day to the next" (Canny 1982, pg. 95). This defines these laws as having been meant to overturn the Irish Catholic Faith and thus force the Irish people to reform to English religious beliefs and laws or face severe penalties if they rebuked these penal doctrines. Of course, historical accounts point out that the oppression that the English penal laws placed upon the Irish Catholics not only did this but it also forced many to have to live extremely poor lives and abandon their traditional Gaelic language as well.
The Irish Catholics had poor dwellings and many times the farm animals were inside the mud huts with these people due to the cruelty that English laws had brought down upon them. Much of the food was only vegetables with their main source being potatoes but when disease struck this crop it resulted in the "deaths of 2.5 million Irish Catholics" (MacManus 1974, pg. 112). In history this marks what is known as, "The Great Famine" (MacKay 1992, pg. 27). The Irish farmers did have other crops and livestock but they were all shipped to England as rent for the landlords. Without the rent money the starving Irish could not even afford to live in a home and would have been homeless on top of this horrible famine.
Due to the many atrocities that these various penal codes inflicted upon Irish Catholics there were militia groups that were formed, with one having been mentioned in the introduction of this research. The truth to this matter is that England wanted total domination of Ireland and inflicted very harsh demands onto the people of the country. It is quite natural that there would be rebellion from the citizens of Ireland in order to try and maintain their own religious beliefs and laws in their land, which even today still goes on even though a Republic was formed. Another group that developed due to the escalating violence in the 18th century was the, "IRA-Irish Republican Army" (O'Neill et al 1980, pg. 133). This group and others like it were formed to initially protect the people but in actuality these groups and others were driven by the religious sanctions and political influences that have been central to the conflict in Ireland since as far back as the 16th century (O'Neill et al 1980, pg. 133).
The main problem that has existed in Ireland since the 18th century and perhaps even beforehand is due to the division that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland Essay)
“Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland

18th Century of Enlightenment & Revolution

... 18th Century of Enlightenment & Revolution Introduction The eighteenth (18th) century was marked by major enlightenment events like the death of Louis XIV of France and the beginning of the French revolution. Philosophers of Enlightenment like Montesquieu advocated for the separation of the powers of the government while Rousseau was of the view that man is born free and citizens should be free to choose their government. According to Hobbes’ view, the governments should have limited powers and should protect the natural rights of the citizens. According to his social contract, citizens should reject monarchies and should overthrow the governments that fail in protecting the civil liberties and natural rights. Voltaire writings allowed...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

18th century guitar prerformance practice

...18th Century Guitar Performance Practice Roll No: Teacher: 26th April 2009 University 18th Century Guitar Performance Practice There is a common conception among today's youngsters that guitar is an essentially 20th century instrument and the use of guitar in western music has commenced after late 19th century. They also have developed an idea that usage of guitar, as a universal musical instrument, has started with the evolution of jazz, blues and rock genre of music. Unfortunately, these ideas are quite wrong. Looking at the history of guitar in western musical scenario, we see that musicians started to use guitar in their musical compositions since 16th century. Guitar is actually a Spanish musical instrument and since its adoption...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

18th century New York

...Gopal Pottabathni 31st December 18th Century New York The region was inhabited by about 5000 Lenape Native Americans at the time of its Europeandiscovery in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian explorer in the service of the French crown, who called it "Nouvelle Angoulme". New York City grew in importance as a trading port while under British rule. The city emerged as the theater for a series of major battles known as the New York Campaign during the American Revolutionary War. New York City was the capital of the United States until 1790. In the early 1800s, New York City was thriving due to economic power; the state soon acquired the nickname, "The Empire State." The New York Stock Exchange opened with great success on Wall...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Poets of the 18th century

... Poets of the 18th Century Referring to the works of Swift and or Pope, and the definition of satire, examine how their works effectively address and point out social or political problems of the day. Gulliver's trip to Lilliput, for example, and his time at the tiny court, illustrates the various intrigues and mismanagement Swift experienced in the real world. As the ambitious Lilliputians fought to gain approval for an office, they danced on a rope held off the floor or were forced to jump over or crawl under a stick to demonstrate their ability to quickly adjust to the whims and desires of the monarch. "For instance, we recognize the intrigues by means of which favors and promotions were obtained at Ann's court" (Taralunga, 2003: 132...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

French Revolution During 18th Century

...Shaantanu Purab 03 June 2009 Historical Events during 18th and 20th Century French Revolution During 18th Century Since the evolution of life, human beings have sacrificed too many things for what we are experiencing today. It cannot be without the efforts of saints, we are following different religions. European character to conquer the world started from twelfth century onwards which became dominant during 16th century conquering many of the South East nations and exporting its wealth to their countries. The efforts of various human rights activists, freedom fighter and philosophers cannot be forgotten. Many revolutions took place during 18th Century which laid the foundation for stable and civilized state. Rise of French Revolution...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Religious Movements of 18th Century America

... Religious Movements of 18th Century America By the 18th century, the people of Europe and the Americas had entered the Age of Reason that had been ushered in by the Scientific Revolution. New thinking by people such as John Locke and Benjamin Franklin shunned the Calvinistic viewpoint of man as inherently evil and were more optimistic about man's ability to understand the world from a scientific point of view. This movement called The Enlightenment was contrary to other religious thinking at the time. A previous movement, The Awakening had been spearheaded by preachers such as Jonathan Edwards and George Whifield. While the Enlightenment would promote the scientific innovations that were necessary for life in the colonies, The Awakening...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Women of The 18th/19th Century

...How did the role of women change from the 18th to the 19th centuries? What significant contributions did women make in terms of political, philosophical, or artistic achievements? In the 18th century, women were considered as objects or slaves, existing to serve men’s needs and desires. They were not accepted as persons with feelings and intelligence. The possibility of equality between the sexes was not even being considered, women were practically slaves to men. Men held all of women’s possessions as their own. Also, women’s lives were almost meaningless and men could do whatever with their bodies without being charged for it. In Voltaire’s Candide, the main female characters are prostitutes, women that marry for money, disease...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

18th Century Atlantic World

... Question A 18th century Atlantic world As an African Olaudah Equiano s that slavery had covered almost the whole of America but had endured more in southern America. In fact, most ideas promoting slavery seemed to generate from the south. However, there were still strong arguments channeled from the north that strongly favored slavery, which Fredrick strongly opposed Even though there were a greater number of freed Africans in the south, they continued to live under the shadow of slavery for a long period. The arguments from the south claimed that the sudden end to slavery would have a huge negative impact on the economy (Equiano 19). The narrator argues that slavery especially in Africa had denied him the chance to live peacefully...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

1st Great Awakening of the 18th Century

... 1st Great Awakening of the 18th Century As early as the 16th century the church was established when the Virginia legislature made governmental support of the Anglican Church in America. However, many people by that time lacked interest in religious matters and only a few portion of the population attended church services. It took almost twenty years later after the establishment of the church in the state of Virginia for the creation of the first local clergy. The ‘1st great awakening’ refers to the revitalization of religion-piety that swept across the America States in the late 17th -18th century. The events in America were prompted by the religious activities and upsurge occurring on the other side of Atlantic in England...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

18th Century Dress for Women in France

There was freedom of mind when it came to the type of dress one wore during this century. The dresses were colorful and were rich in decorations and were worn by iconic features like Marie Antoinette. Hoop skirts were huge before 1750 and started losing their size in the 1750s. The clothes despite the reduction in size remained the most formal dresses in France during the 18th century. The book offers a sumptuous close look to the variety and richness of historic dresses. The focus is on the dresses that were popular during the 17th and 18th centuries. The garments that are a focus on the book are drawn from Victoria and Albert Museums that have the world fame of different collections. The skills from the book continue to be a sou...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Assess the Significance of Penal Laws in 18th Century Ireland for FREE!

Contact Us