StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Despite of the fact that the majority of Enlighteners stood on patriarchal positions, ideas in protection of female rights and female emancipation for the first time have been stated during the epoch of Enlightenment. It is significant that one of the first who has formulated these ideas was a woman - Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) in her book "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" (1792).
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman"

Download file to see previous pages Grounding the idea of female rights, Wollstonecraft bases herself upon positions of the liberal theory of English philosopher John Lock about necessity of recognition of equal rights for all "full citizens".
Paradox of the concept of liberalism of Lock, directed against despotism of absolute power, is that as "full citizens" of a potential liberal society he considered independent in relation to a monarch owners private, mainly the land property, which first of all are attributed with the ability to possess intellect, that is to be rational subjects (be capable to operate own land). "The central idea behind Wollstonecraft's work is that women are rational beings and should be treated as such"2. According to Mary Wollstonecraft, as the theorist of the liberal concept of female rights, the most important becomes the philosophical thesis about recognition of a female subject rational. Only in that case a woman has a chance to enter into a liberal continuum of "full citizenship" described by Lock.
The other significant thesis is that female sensuality is not purely natural, but socially caused characteristic. Wollstonecraft states, "But, if women are to be excluded, without having a voice from a participation of the natural rights of mankind, prove first, to ward off the charge of injustice and inconsistency, that they want reason - else this flaw in your NEW CONSTITUTION will ever shew that man must, in some shape, act like a tyrant, and tyranny, in whatever part of society it rears its brazen front, will ever undermine morality"3.
In conformity with the above said theoretical issues, considering modern position of women Wollstonecraft recognizes that the majority of women are not yet ready to act in a line with men as their intellect is insufficiently developed because of prevalence of sensual characteristics in it.
However this position, in her opinion, is not a consequence of the special nature, female sensuality as considered Russo, or particular qualities of female intellect as considered Kant. Such state of facts first of all is a result of the limited female education, and secondly of deprivations of women of basic civil rights, that is a consequence of certain social reasons which can be changed. Wollstonecraft's aim particularly in "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" is "to add the individual and civil rights of women to the universal category"4. Therefore the main philosophical thesis of enlighteners, which was a subject of Wollstonecraft's critic, is Russo's thesis about "the special female nature", in which sensuality prevails of intellect. Wollstonecraft considers that femininity in that form as it is described by Russo, is a repressive social construct, which will cease to exist provided that socialization of women will pass in the same conditions as socialization of men.
The basic object of criticism of Wollstonecraft is so-called "superfluous sensuality" which is imputed to women in Russo's philosophical concept. In her book the author opposes men, who are admired of excessive female sensitivity and stand up for its development. It calls such men "tyrants of sexuality", and women, which agree to cultivate such type of sensuality in itself (sensuality of a sexual object) she calls "slaves of pleasures". Wollstonecraft accepts that owing to sensuality women has an opportunity to use a special form of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Essay”, n.d.)
Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503549-mary-wollstonecrafts-a-vindication-of-the-rights-of-woman
(Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Essay)
Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503549-mary-wollstonecrafts-a-vindication-of-the-rights-of-woman.
“Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503549-mary-wollstonecrafts-a-vindication-of-the-rights-of-woman.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ci
ciaraschinner added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
This essay was always my weak point. I could never finish it successfully. Still, after I found this precise paper, I understood how it should be completed. So, I performed my research afterward and completed the essay in several hours, instead of days as it was previously.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Mary W's Vindication of the Right Woman on Feminism

...Influence of Mary W.'s Vindication of the Right Woman on Feminism During the late 18th century, Mary Wollstonecraft’s work, “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman” was considered as the hallmark text for the rise of feminism in modern Europe. The work was one of the major highlights of an otherwise criticized career of Wollstonecraft. Often considered to be the ‘mother of modern feminism’, Wollstonecraft made the whole of Europe interested in identifying feminism and feminist rights through this work. Still standing its reputation as one of the best works of the 18th century, the book, although failing to meet the expectations of an English book in terms of its language, was dead straight in conveying its points about women...
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review

Woman and Human Rights

...? Women and Human Rights The major provisions in International Law for the promotion and the protection of the rights of women There are four main documents in International Law directed on protection and promotion of the rights of women. The first document is Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It was acclaimed in New York on18 December 1979 (Haan, 2010). This document proclaims that women should be protected by the government against discrimination. Numerous aspects connected with gender discrimination are considered in this document. Another regulative document is Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict acclaimed on 14 December 1974 (Haan, 2010...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Mary Wollstonecrafts - A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

... Mary Wollstonecraft’s “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman” Introduction Known as “Mother of Feminism”, Mary Wollstonecraft is one of the earliest feminist ladies who pour out her personal feminist thoughts in the classic essay, “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman”. The essay is a direct attack on the restrictions imposed on women’s education that bred in them “ignorance and slavish dependence.” Thus, her fight for her sex to gain a better educational system was very logically and persuasively penned down in her essay and is a must read by everyone who wants to understand the feminist stream of studies. Various feminist movements fight for different rights of movements such as equality of rights, the right to earn their own living...
3 Pages(750 words)Personal Statement

Wollstonecrafts Feminism

...The truth or fallacy in Wollstonecraft's Feminism. Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman in 1792. She was drivenby her philanthropist motives of trying to fight for feminism for womankind while laying aside any other ulterior motives like selfishness on her own part. (Wollstonecraft 11). This essay explores Wollstonecraft stance for feminism. This thesis argues for the credibility of Wollstonecraft's definitions of feminism. Wollstonecraft defends her stand for feminism when she says; 'It is, then, an affection for the whole human race that makes my pen dart rapidly along to support what I believe to be the cause of virtue: and the same motive leads me earnestly to wish to see woman placed in a station...
5 Pages(1250 words)Thesis

A Natural Element of Womans Life

Freedom is a natural element of woman's of life; it is the breath that allows her exploration and growth. On the other hand, freedom automatically seeks no authority. Rather, it inquires of the authority in an effort to further limitlessly explore boundaries. In Woman in the Nineteenth Century, Sarah Margaret Fuller, acknowledges the constraints of her natural needs. The oxymoronic tone in her writing symbolizes her innate intellectual desire to question the societal oppression of the woman.
During Fuller's time, a woman was not considered a person, as she was treated as property (Bohannon 19-30). A woman's place was deeply connected to domestic duties. She was expected to cook and clean the house while tending to children's n...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Differentiate between declaration a Vindication of the Rights of Woman

... women. The exclusion from participation in governance and political life due to their sex acts a vindication of their right to equality and freedom. This is also evident on their exclusion from equal educational chances and limited privileges in social participation. All this serves to maintain dominance of the men over the women thus keeping them in control on all fronts of the society. Viewed this way, the Declaration on the Rights of man is becomes a vindication of the rights of the women. Works Cited Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1759). Wollstonecraft+Vindication%2C+ch.+IV.pdf> Trish Hawley, A Rediscovered Feminist Vision: Mary Wollstonecraft and Global Education for Girls and Women, 2001....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Critical Analysis of Mary Wollstonecraft's Vindication

...Critical Analysis of Mary Wollstonecrafts Vindication Introduction The vindication of the rights of woman is a most powerful and advanced piece, highlighting how women’s rights are being violated. Throughout the book, it would be meaningless to follow different varieties of sorrows, cares, and mean-nesses into which women are plunged by the widespread opinion, which states that they were created to feel rather than to reason. Women are agreeably weak. They are made by this agreeable weakness to be entirely dependent on man for protection. In addition, women also depend on man for advice (Wollstonecraft, 1992). Women are also viewed as being fragile. Fragile in the sense that the look up to any man for any comfort. In most cases, women...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Literary Analysis- Wollstonecrafts A Vindication / A Simple Heart / The Yellow Wallpaper - Gender/Sexual Difference

... December 7, Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: Gender Oppression and Liberation in Flaubert’s “A Simple Heart” and Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” To be a woman is a tyranny, if all she lives for is to be a man’s woman. Mary Wollstonecraft argues in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: With Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects that men and women by nature are equal because they both have souls that have equal qualities, so they must enjoy similar basic human rights and freedoms. She asserts that women are also not frivolous and too emotional by nature, but by nurture, specifically because access to quality education and the same level and quality of social and physical activities are barred from women...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Literary Analysis- Wollstonecrafts A Vindication / A Simple Heart / The Yellow Wallpaper - Gender/Sexual Difference

... November 24, Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: Gender Oppression and Liberation in Flaubert’s “A Simple Heart” and Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” To be a woman is a tyranny, if all she lives for is to be a man’s woman. Mary Wollstonecraft argues in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: With Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects that men and women by nature are equal because they both have souls that have equal qualities, so they must enjoy similar basic human rights and freedoms. She asserts that women are also not frivolous and too emotional by nature, but by nurture, specifically because access to quality education and the same level and quality of social and physical activities are barred from women...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

The Universality in International Human Rights

The continuous changes in the international area have created the necessity for a flexible legal framework that could achieve the above target. However, in order for such a task to be successful, there must be a specific theoretical ‘vehicle’ that could present with accuracy both the existing situation, the problems under examination and the desired result. Towards that direction, the creation of the ‘international human rights’ sector gave to the nations the chance to organize their internal legal rules and their behaviour in the global area in the basis of a specific set of principles recognized by the international community as binding and directly applied in the interior of the participated countries. I...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Freedom Summer of 1964 and Its Relationship with the Civil Rights Movement

The other organizations which participated in this Registration campaign were the Council of Federated Organization (COFO) in league with the National Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the Southern Christian Leadership Confederation (SCLC) and the Students Non-Violent Coordination Committee (SNCC). During this campaign, large groups of African American people, supported by around 1000 white volunteers, braved the rains in order to enter the Forrest Country Courthouse to register their Voting Rights. Around 30 Summer schools were also established during this Freedom Summer Campaign in various parts of Mississippi town in order to educate the black minorities, since, due t...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Music Piracy and Digital Rights Management

But the flaws inherent in the DRM system, which is large as a result of the Information Technology industry’s lack of foresight and rigorous testing of the new business model, has been drawing concerns from commentators right from its inception. For example, Robin Gear, a reputed technology analyst associated with PA Consulting expressed the following words of caution at a very stage of the technology’s application:
“If you have documents going around for the boards' eyes only, you can encapsulate data in that way. You can set up lists of people who have the right to view, modify, forward, and copy, etc. One thing perimeter security does well is that it keeps outsiders from getting in and getting information...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

An Overcorrection of Mary Magdalenes Biblical Role

A purely theological approach to DVC would be impossible since the claims the book makes takes issue with what has been supposedly left out of the bible. This essay will in no way attempt to question whether any non-canonical gospels should be considered; that sort of investigation should be left to historians.

As Brandon Gilvin states in Solving the Da Vinci Code Mystery, “It’s difficult to start a discussion on the creation of the bible from the Bible itself” (7). As the word of God is being questioned, it does us no good to turn to the Gnostic Gospels, the main sources of the claims of Mary Magdalene’s and Jesus’ marriage. In these texts, Mary Magdalene is the most mentioned person after...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Perceptions of Womens Rights

As the colonies were making their break away from England, Abigail pushed for women to break with their traditional roles in the home and gain access to the education and legal means of providing for themselves. She did this by arguing women’s current restrictions in society were limiting their ability to fulfill their God-appointed tasks of seeing to the spiritual and moral well-being of the country. Started by Abigail, this argument built through the years to eventually bring about much of the types of change Abigail had in mind. This can be traced throughout her life and as echoes of her ideas are found in future women’s activists.
During Abigail’s lifetime, only relatively few girls were taught to read....
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Struggle For Civil Rights

This struggle has historically affected four ethnic groups namely, native Americans, African Americans, Chicanos and Asian Americans. In the end, it is the hope of this paper that a better understanding and a more concrete application of the US ideology of “equality for all under the law”(Bush, 2003, p 48) be attained for ethnic groups in particular and the entire humanity in general. The struggle for civil rights during the 1950s onward was a” product of the post World War II world” (Bush, 2003, p. 48). The human world was in a condition of social unrest that even the United States of America was not exempted.
The struggle for civil rights in the US is the logical consequence of the long historica...

10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

The Law on Physical Punishment of Children Fails to give Sufficient Respect to Childrens Rights

Under the English criminal law, several past and current legislations were made in order to protect the children from corporal punishment or becoming a victim of physical abuse. Despite our effort to prevent parents from using physical force in disciplining their children, the British Government remains unconvinced that the law which protects the children from physical punishment is sufficient (Keating, 2008). Physical punishment such as ‘smacking’, ‘slapping’, ‘kicking’, or ‘spanking’ is referring to the act of causing a degree of pain or discomfort to the child. (Niland, 2009, p. 6) With regard to the legal issues behind child protection against physical abuse, this study aims to d...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

...Hello, I have read this and thinks it’s perfect I have slight amendments which are highlighted in red. thanks Universal Declaration of Human Rights Introduction Human rights are defined as, the basic standards by which we can identify and measure inequality and fairness. These rights are specified in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.1 The United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on the 10th of December 1948. It consists of a number of civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights. Although, it is not legally binding, it provides an authoritative interpretation of several articles of the UN Charter; and the latter is binding on the member states of the United Nations.2 There are several...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Mary Wollstonecraft on Education

Understanding that women are just as able as men in many capacities and some very important ways that she excels causes one to realize that no one should be able to take her rights away. It is the mother who gives protection for the initial nine months to the divine creative force of nature – regardless of whether the offspring is male or female. But what is prescribed in various secular and spiritual texts and what is practiced in society currently are contradictory. A female child is victimized during every step of her life, from the moment of birth, notwithstanding the fact that it is she who sacrifices at those stages. Women need to be the social, spiritual and legal equals of men. These were the arguments that Mary Woll...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Lakota Woman by Mary Crow Dog

Secondly, there was the harsh situation with alcohol and drugs among Lakota society that is why some males behaved themselves extraordinarily fighting with their own wives (p. 21, 25, 34) like it happened in Mary’s own family. Also, males were without jobs almost, so they could accept such deviant pattern of behavior, to get tired of life-fighting their own wives being out of consciousness in a deep over-drinking state.
Thirdly, Native Americans were living on their reservations without electricity and running water, without their native schools and gardens for children. According to Mary, here, in the reservation, you could afford nothing to yourself, and combining with white hostility around the reservation these factor...
7 Pages(1750 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman for FREE!

Contact Us