StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Civil War, slavery, and torture have plagued the Islamic country of Sudan for more than 50 years. Evidence suggests that the attacks and killings are due largely to the struggle for control over natural resources. Moreover, the imposition of Islamic law upon tribes whose customs are to use beer in their spiritual rituals, which is in direct violation of the Islamic prohibition of alcohol, have resulted in the brutal treatment of Sudanese…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response"

Download file to see previous pages Yet, the Sudanese government has repeatedly violated their own constitutional grants of liberty in that countless ethnically 'black' Sudanese have been trafficked, murdered, and enslaved by Arab militia, supported by the government. Moreover, since law-abiding non-Arab Muslims have been treated in much the same way as violators of the law, racial identity is the prevalent factor in government actions. For this reason, critics of the government argue that it is practicing ethnic cleansing, which is not only a violation of Sudanese law, but international law.
While Sudan is a member state to the United Nations Charter, whose purpose is to prevent atrocities such as the Holocaust from reoccurring, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to which the Sudan is a signatory is incapable of enforcement absent consent to international jurisdiction. Yet the question remains; is there legal recourse for such victims of government abuse More specifically, does the Sudanese constitution grant liberties for the breach of which there is a right to file a claim If there are such explicit rights, how can these rights be enforced within an oppressive regime
This paper seeks to examine how notions of individu...
While the United Nations offers to protect such victims, without the consent of the offending country to submit to international adjudication, individual rights exist only to the extent of the will of a member state. Therefore, this paper will also examine the origins of individual rights within the context of natural rights, and how natural law limits human rights protections. In this way, it can be shown why absent physical power to effectively halt the murderous Sudanese regime, victims have neither national nor international legal recourse.
History of Violence
Sudan is the largest country in Africa. In antiquity Sudan was part of a ancient civilization The country has been through a number of forced religious conversions. First, it was converted to Coptic Christianity in the 6th century of the Christian era. Then Islam was introduced by Arab invaders in 7th century but did not supplant Christianity until the 15th century. The name Sudan means a "land of the blacks" which denotes the ancient racial composition of the country. As a result of invasions from Syria and immigration of nomadic Arabs has since changed the racial composition. The country is roughly divided into two between Arab controlled dominated north and the black dominated south. The country is further divided along religious lines between Arabs in the north and Christians and animist in the south.
Approximately, 40 percent of the population is Arab and 60 percent are African. Roughly 60 percent are Muslim. There are close to 600 ethnic groups and over 100 spoken languages in the South. (UUSC, 2004).
This explosion combination has resulted in a protracted struggle for control of the country and its resources which so far has been dominated by Arabs in the north.
Fight against ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response Essay”, n.d.)
Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503406-ethnic-violence-in-darfur-and-international-response
(Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response Essay)
Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503406-ethnic-violence-in-darfur-and-international-response.
“Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503406-ethnic-violence-in-darfur-and-international-response.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response

International Migration and Ethnic Relations

...? International Migration and Ethnic Relations Question one According to Goffman, stigma is an attribute used for the description of those who are stigmatised, which is a deeply discrediting attribute (1968, p13). Stigma is a conceptualisation of a group of people, a person, or something such as illness. These people or person is usually made to feel different from other individuals due to attributes that they would do nothing or very little to change like races. Racism is a product of stigma. Stigma changes the way people relate to one another, it may also reflect the way the whole society relates with the stigmatised person or group. The difference has cause from different races or tribes and social classes. This process is all around...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Domestic Violence or Ethnic Barriers

...? Domestic Violence or Ethnic Barriers? Domestic violence is a form of abuse inflicted on a partner to maintain power. It is also known as spousal abuse, family violence or battering. Abuse can either be emotional, physical, psychological or sexual. Behavior can be termed abusive if it intimidates, threatens, manipulates, humiliates or injures another person (Dolan 11-13). Domestic violence happens to people irrespective of their educational background, sexual orientation, race, gender, ethnic group or religion. It does not discriminate. However if the society further inflicts oppression to such an individual, the cycle of violence becomes hard to break. In the diversity of race and ethnicity several factors are considered...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Critically Assess the UN Response to the Crisis in Darfur

... ceased haunting the UN. The commission continued to receive the claims on the violence in the country. Observers noted cases of burning houses, forced displacements and massacre of innocent people. In the mid of the year 2004, the UN General Assembly proposed immediate actions against the crisis (Prunier 2007). Consequently, the body established an International Commission that was to examine if Darfur crisis propagated genocide or humanity crimes. This response was considerably effective hence minimized the scenario in the ground. The scheme invited ICC into the Darfur case by the year 2005 to determine cases against humanity (Flint 2007). Subsequently, the court prosecuted numerous Sudan leaders. Importantly, in the year 2009 the Court...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Darfur

c warfare between the Sudanese central government and a number of insurgent movements since February 2003; these groups are demanding rights for the local peoples and more state investment in their marginalized region”. In other words, the main reason for the appearance and the development of violence in the state has been the opposition between the government’s decisions and the willing of the major part of the population. It should be noticed that the consequences of the development of this conflict have been severe. More specifically, it is noticed in the Africa Studies Centre (2007) that “at the start of the armed conflict, Darfur, which is the size of France, had a population of about 6 million (virtually all Muslims) but the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Four major forms of ethnic violence

... Topic: Ethnic violence varies in forms and applications, but it has similar effect. The magnitude of violence could provide a chilling psychological outcome and the force lashed much intensity to emotion when seething pain engulf one’s physique to exact an apparently revolting compulsion or agreement. Experts posit that the differences of violence also depend on the level of state control and mass killings which could at time take place in a polity where murdering is viewed as a strategy to calibrate political control and to sustain power. Some are motivated by ideological inclination while others are simply drugged totally to complete a fantastic psychotic murderous crime scene. Life for them is a tool for power; some followers viewed...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Response paper - Ethnic Notions

... do not say they are Koreans, Japanese, Chinese or Filipinos, we just lump them into one singular race as Asians. This is unfair and dangerous because it deprives people of their history, uniqueness, individuality, humanity and other positive aspects and instead, they are relegated to a group of people that can be summarized by few words or sentences that are often full of bias and prejudice. These prejudices and labels do not also accurately portray the group of people being described. Often, this causes misrepresentation leading to misunderstanding that breeds to conflict. It is not farfetched to think that the proposition raised by Moodle and Brown was the one responsible for major conflicts around the world that cost us lives, limbs...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

International Trade Theory

 Further to this, it is also believed that international trade can bring substantial economic welfare to the countries however still most of the countries do not view it as a favorable thing. Despite having a very promising and bright outlook, international trade has been largely viewed with suspension and it is because of this that governments impose barriers to restrict international trade. There can be many reasons behind this act of imposing restrictions or blocking international trade however there are also benefits on the other side too.

International trade has driven the attention of many of the brilliant minds in economics therefore the origins of the economic theory on international trade owe much to the c...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Does Game Violence Make Teens Aggressive

All those teens showed great changes in their behavior, which was not in a positive manner. (Vorderer, pp. 69-72)
Furthermore, a number of studies (Kirsh, pp. 11-13) have shown that worse academic results are shown by the teens that play violent video games according to the National Institute on Media and Family. It is indicated by the researches (Kirsh, pp. 17-22) that violent games are preferred by more than seventy-five percent of teens that are interested in playing video games. One of the schools in Texas carried out a study of teens that play video games, and it found out that teachers complained of frequent arguments from the students that were involved in playing violent video games at home. In some cases, teens were...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Violence, Masculinity and the Disadvantaged

The idea that masculinity is synonymous with power transcends the times.5 At least from a purely feminist perspective power over women and children has always been essential for maintaining the gender gap in which men are superior to women.6 Anthony Whitehead writes that:
This concept of masculinity goes back to Victorian times and rapidly developed into an ideology that recognized “unity and power of men over women” as the hierarchal structure within “patriarchal social relations.”8
Masculinity and manhood encapsulate an ideology that goes beyond other characteristics of identity such as race, class, and sexuality.9 Heroism, for instance, is aligned to masculinity. The hero has been portrayed thr...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Globalization and International Business: Starbucks Corporation

The Small Business Encyclopedia defines globalization as the process by which the economies of countries around the world become increasingly integrated over time. This integration occurs as technological advances expedite the trade of goods and services, the flow of capital, and the migration of people across international borders (globalization, Answers.com).
The shreds of evidence of globalization are all around us. For example, Hill (2005) cites an example of an American driving a car designed and produced in Germany that was assembled in Mexico from components made in Japan fabricated by Korean steel and Malaysian rubber. The car is filled with gasoline from oil pumped from off the coast of Africa, at a service station o...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Response of Effective Leaders to Diverse Team Environments

An effective leader is the one who adapts to the changing scenarios in terms of the team he leads and also in terms of the circumstances that the team faces. Herscovitch and Meyer (2002) have confirmed that workplaces are faced with endless change (s), and Paton and McCalman, (2000) have further stated that effective management of that change is an important competency currently required by an organization

Advancement in technology, travel options, communications and liberalization of international business regulations has incorporated numerous possibilities of conditions with diverse natures within the work environment. This trend was found to increase in the early nineties. The transference of a command-driven economy...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Potential Benefits of International Trade

... Content Outline I. Introduction (a) Definition (b) Background II. The Reason Why Countries Take Part in International Trade (a) Major Commodities in Today’s International Trade and Economic Gains Arising From it (b) Reasons Compelling Countries to Place Restrictions in International Trade III. Conclusion I. Introduction (a) Definition The expression international trade refers to an exchange of commodities across boundaries of nations. Two major terms are used to describe international trade (that’s imports and exports). Imports are services and goods bought from other countries while exports are the services and goods sold to nations or individuals of foreign countries. (b) Background It’s estimated that the international business...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

International Security Studies: Examination

Globalization affects international security in the sense that problems involving terrorism, the environment, religious extremism, weapons of mass destruction, and the economic crises have become more universal and widespread in character (Ivanov “Article”). As a result, these issues pose a greater threat to national and international stability and safety. More lives are now affected by threats to international security; these threats did not seem too ominous before the entry of globalization. Consequently, some extremists justify the use of mass weapons of destruction in order to guarantee their security. And as globalization continues to expand and to grow bigger as a phenomenon, threats to international security are...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

International Law: Child Soldiers

Using children to fight wars is not only morally abhorrent but very bad very the physical and mental health of the children in question. That is in part why a series of international laws and treaties have come into effect to try to deal with this scourge. But the issue is more complicated than that. While child soldiers are victims of war crimes, they too can also perpetrate serious breaches of the law of armed conflict. Under normal circumstances, individuals who commit such acts, be they combatants or not,2 would be vulnerable to prosecution. However, because children in such situations are victims as well as perpetrators and because of the special protections afforded to children under international law, many have questioned w...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

International Affairs v. Liberalism

As a matter of fact, Hoffman’s statement that “international affairs is the nemesis of liberalism” has a grain of truth in it and this is especially so after the 9/11 incident.
There are two schools of thought or perspectives that are used to view international affairs: liberalism and realism. The study of these two perspectives is significant to the idea posed by Stanley Hoffman because they determine the reasons why international affairs, according to him, does not only see eye-to-eye with liberalism but seems to stand on the opposing side of it.
Liberalism can be defined as having four elements: citizens; the legislature; property rights, and; a market-driven economy (Dunne 186). Realism, on the othe...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

International Business: World Economic Forum and Davos 2010

... sense power consumption and power quality. A modest sheet of paper, 50,000 thinner than human hair, when stacked, nets a material 500 times stronger than steel and is changing the way airplanes, automobiles and electronics are made (Alpern, 2009). International Technological collaborations are taking place in the form of strategic alliances, joint ventures and intimate supplier-producer relationships. Such collaborations include activities such as joint development agreements, technology sharing and R&D contracts amongst others (Rycroft, 2002). ICT has pervaded every aspect of business and today the value chain depends on the use of technology to link the customers and suppliers. In the current dynamic and global markets, technology...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Ethnic Violence in Darfur and International Response for FREE!

Contact Us