StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Excutions - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Civilizations define themselves by how, when and whom they punish. These choices are important especially in a society like ours, the United States; which has a long history of both violence and official racism. For many centuries throughout the world and in the USA, the ethnocentric beliefs have shaped social relations based on class, race/ethnicity and gender…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Excutions
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Excutions"

Download file to see previous pages Keeping in view this social condition, the sociologists try to explore crime, crime control and the administration of criminal justice from the point of social constructionism. They view 'crime' and 'criminals' a product of social and political interests and where besides other, the most dominating factor are class, race and gender. They also take into consideration the historical and contemporary practices of criminal justice which is shaped and experienced by the racial and ethnic minorities and majorities, the rich and poor and by men and women, so as to help us understand the numerous social realities of justice in the United States; as this essay will try to examine the pattern of execution based on race, gender and class.
The study of social inequalities has always been the central focus of sociologists. They are not only interested in issues related to race/ethnicity, gender and class but also the intersections of these dimensions by employing a wide variety of methods from the ethnographic fieldwork and in-depth interviews to multilevel social and networks methods and statistical models. According to The ABA Kennedy Commission Report (June 23, 2004), the United States puts more people behind bars than any other country in the world and needs to eradicate the disproportionate impact 'tough on crime' laws it has for minorities. This is not because of higher criminal behavior among blacks, but because as compared to non-whites, they are more likely to be imprisoned especially as drug users. Though white drug dealers outnumber the black ones but 86.8% of those imprisoned for drug charges are blacks.
In the 1980s, the media talked about drug-addicted mothers, perpetuating the racial stereotypes of African American women who trading sex for drugs rather than a white middle class woman snorting the more expensive cocaine powder. While the poor black pregnant women became targets of the criminal justice system, the middle and the upper class women escaped scrutiny of the criminal justice agents into the private facilities of detoxification. Similarly, most studies on crime take a narrow approach to the subject by treating a crime as simply a violation of legalized social norm that carries a penal sanction.
The figure among black males was 3,405. Much of the history of sentencing reform both in capital and non-capital punishment has been influenced by implicit concerns about racial disparities and discriminatory decision making in the criminal justice system. In a study carried out to find whether the four delinquency theories, strain, social learning, low self-control and control theories could better explain juvenile offending in comparison to gender, race and class impact on delinquency. The findings suggested that the quantitative analysis is an effective tool for detecting intersectional differences resulting from gender, race and class to support feminist assertions that general theories are less universal than claimed by their proponents. Based on the unfair racial disparities in federal sentencing, a report released in 1984 by the United States Sentencing Commission confirmed, that the average federal prison sentence for black offenders was about five months longer than for whites. By 2001, the average sentence ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Excutions Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Excutions Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503118-excutions
(Excutions Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Excutions Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503118-excutions.
“Excutions Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503118-excutions.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Excutions

Capital Punishment and Execution in the US

... ENG 1250 Prof. Isaac Palumbo December 8, Capital Punishment and Execution in the United s The issue of capital punishment in the United States has elicited not only serious but also sometimes emotionally-packed debates. This kind of punishment is meant for people who have committed aggravated murder. It seldom applies to offenders of felony murder. Capital punishment has existed in The United states from since the time of the Common Law, when it was also applied to all American colonies before their independence. Even after the American Revolution, capital punishment was still maintained within the Anglo-American Common Law which emerged. The major methods of execution used in the past included the exposure of the defendant... ENG 1250 Prof. ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Income, Deductions, and Exclusions

...?Income, Deductions, and Exclusions Income, Deductions, and Exclusions Several s in the US have tax s that provide for various kinds of tax reduction strategies and tools. Such tax codes provide for income, tax deductions, exclusions, refundable, and nonrefundable credits. On a hierarchical scale, a credit gives more tax savings than either a tax deduction or income exclusion, while a refundable credit provides more than a nonrefundable credit. In order to provide special assistance or encourage certain behavior, governments gives targeted relief to specified groups of taxpayers. Such “tax breaks” reduce the total quantity of current income tax owned by organizations and individuals. The first step I would take to assist my client...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

All states should institute a moratorium on executions

... All s should institute a moratorium on executions Introduction There is no justice in killing and as such this kind of punishment should be abolished lest we become unjust society. Executions have been the way some states are using to apply to hardcore criminals in the name of obtaining justice for the victims of the crimes committed. Due to several heated debates over the issue of executions, some states are considering changing their views on such harsh kind of justice. Some proponents of executions argue that executions save lives by reducing the murderers who are prone to committing murders in large scale. Professor Isaac Ehlrich is on record saying that each prosecution saved eight innocent lives and therefore is highly... All s should...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The School Exclusions in Britain

...To what extent can it be argued that the law relating to school exclusions favours head teachers and governors at the expense of pupils and parentsIntroduction: The school exclusions in Britain The decision to exclude permanently from a school is a serious one. It will usually be the final step in a process for dealing with disciplinary offences following a wide range of other strategies, which have been tried without success. It is an acknowledgement by the school that it has exhausted all available strategies for the child and had used it as a last resort (DCSF 2008). The same guidelines accept that there will, however, be exceptional circumstances where, in the head teacher's judgement, it is appropriate to permanently exclude...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Business Execution

...Business Execution Execution is an integral function of management. It allows business organizations to carry out their plans and strategies. According to Bossidy, Charan, Burck execution is "systematic process of rigorously discussing hows and whats, questioning, tenaciously following through, and ensuring accountability [which] includes making assumptions about the business environment, assessing the organization's capabilities, linking strategy to operations and the people who are going to implement disciplines, and linking rewards to outcome." Changes in business execution are often needed in order to take into account the different trends and changes in the environment. Execution should always be responsive to the internal... Execution...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Saddam Husseins Execution

...Causes and effects of Saddam Hussein's execution 19th April, 2007 Saddam Hussein's lynching has raised many questions: Why was Saddam Hussain brought to gallows What are the factors, which paved the way to the end of the illustrious rule of Saddam Hussein And what impact did the execution of former Iraqi president would have on the political situation of Middle East in general and Iraq in particular. Some might remember him as a brutal dictator and others remember him as "the confronter", who had faced every hardship and trouble in his life with courage and a broad smile on his face. Now, here's the situation. Roughly 10 years after the first gulf war, the world witnessed the horrendous attack on the twin towers and protracted... and effects ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Capital Punishment: Abandonment of Execution

...Capital Punishment: Abandonment of Execution Introduction The argument for capital punishment has continued for a long time. There has been a rising view against this practice in many states. Some of them are seriously considering of abandonment of execution (Dezhbakhsh, Shepherd, n.d.). Long ago capital punishment was carried out by the Romans in amphitheatres where criminals had to face wild animals without any kind of weapons (Brooklyn College Classics Department, n.d.). It is hard to justify this act in the modern world of today. The capital punishment or death penalty is the violation of human rights. It is nothing less than a cold-blooded murder of a human being carried out by the state in the veil of justice... Punishment:...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Execution Methods

...Annotated bibliography American Civil Liberties Union. “Execution Methods.” Aclu.org. Web. 05 May 2014. < https://www.aclu.org/capital-punishment/execution-methods.> The article focuses on various methods that have been relied upon in execution of murder convicts. The article also shows the decline of the traditional form of execution, as there has been a preference for the emerging methods. As a result, lethal injection has been listed as the preferred way of execution in the majority of states. This method is shown to pose a serious risk of cruel and protracted death. I choose this article to outline the injustices caused by lethal method of execution. This article is of the essence as it helps in providing facts that lethal... bibliography...
4 Pages(1000 words)Annotated Bibliography

Death Penalty Subject of Debate in United States

...Death penalty or capital punishment has been a major issue of controversy for several years. While thirty countries have abolished it since 1990, China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the United States, and Iran remain major executioners in the world (Derechos, n.d). China has performed more than 3400 executions in 2004 which amounts to more than 90% of worldwide executions (Wikipedia). US performed 60 executions in 2005. Some consider it an inhuman punishment, while others feel a murder warrants nothing less than death for the murderer. People argue their point on various grounds, like the moral, philosophical, religious and the human rights. Debate continues whether it is an appropriate form of punishment and this paper... penalty or...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

A Warrant of Arrest Issued by a Court

... Warrantless Searches The right to privacy is a constitutionally guaranteed right. The Fourth Amendment to the United s provides that “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized” (US Constitution). Thus, the United States Supreme Court held in Katz v. United States, 389 US 347, 357 that warrantless searches “are per se unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment – subject only to a few specifically established and well-delineated exceptions” (qtd... Warrantless...
13 Pages(3250 words)Case Study

Political and Geo-Political Controversies of the Modern World

...Is globalization changing world politics? Inevitably. The most significant effect of globalization is the free flow of capital across national borders. As a result, there is greater collaboration among business corporations across the world. And the prevalence of corporate-government nexuses has inevitably led to a perceptible change in the nature of political diplomacy and policy initiatives. In many capitalist countries (including the United States), the government is seen as an extension of business, and globalization has made this reality more stark. In terms of political power, the world is seeing the emergence of a new order, with China and India gaining prominence. In fact, these two nations have benefited the most due...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Characteristic of Murder Scenes in Literature

...The following work analyzes two murder scenes, one of which is extracted from chapter forty-five of Perfume, a novel written by Patrick Süskind, and the other from chapter eleven of Thérèse Raquin, one of Emile Zola’s most famous literary works. In Perfume, Grenouille, the main character, murders a young girl in order to extract her scent which forms the ultimate ingredient required to successfully create his exquisite perfume. The enchanting odour of this perfume would serve Grenouille’s goals as it would make him hypnotize people.On the other hand, in Thérèse Raquin,Thérèse ,an adulterous wife, gives her consent to Laurent, her lover, to kill her own husband,Camille,as he’s the osbtacle standing against their mariage... following work...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Measuring Brand Equity

...Table of contents Introduction and Problem Area 4 1 Introduction 4 2 Research Motivation 4 3 Research Questions 5 4 Summary 6 2 Literature Review 7 2.1 Introduction 7 2.2 The Concept of Brand 7 2.2.1 Brand definition 7 2.2.2 Product brands and corporate brands 9 2.3 Brand Equity 10 2.3.1 Measuring Brand Equity 11 2.3.2 Customer-based brand equity measurements 13 2.3.3 Comparison Aaker’s model with Keller’s Brand Equity Model 14 2.3.4 Conclusions of the comparison 19 2.4 Operalisation of Measurement Customer Based Brand Equity 19 2.5 Brand and Brand Equity in Services 24 2.5.1 Branding Services 24 2.5.2 Brand Equity in Services 25 2.6 Higher Education and its Marketing 26 2.6.1 The Education Sector as a service 26 2.6.2 Literature... of...
63 Pages(15750 words)Research Proposal

The 20th Century: Conflict and Learning

...The 20th century: Conflict and Learning Table of contents Introduction 3 National Pride and World Wars 3 Communism and the USSR 5 Race and Equality 5 Feminism 7 Conclusion 8 Introduction The 20th century was marked by remarkable achievements in many human endeavors. This was the age of where many technological wonders began to take shape in telecommunications, transportation, power generation and computer systems. Society, in general, made great strides in education, ideology, health and politics. Not only did we see the introduction of mass-produced mobiles, we also saw man go into outer space. The 19th century was full of visions of romance and dreams of a better world. So much... 20th century:...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Internatioanl Construction Contract Consultants

...February 12, To Chief E s Officer of Camford Camford Camford. Dear Mr. Robertson Thomas, This has reference to yourtelephonic conversation had with the undersigned about the slow implementing phase of project by the main contractor Firstbuild Ltd. I was informed by you that the project is already late in accordance with Firstbuild Ltd published programme. The substructure has only just been completed. As such , the employer , namely M/s Camford University is having difficulty in getting any clear indication from either the Contact Administrator namely CU Architects or the contractor namely Firstbuild Ltd as to whether the project will be completed on time or not. Further, you have pointed out that liquidated damages should... 12, To Chief E s ...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Ethno-Tourism: Demeaning or Disadvantageous

...Ethno-Tourism: Demeaning or Disadvantageous? Word Count: 1520 (6 pages) "Although in the short-term ethno-tourism can be beneficial, in the long-term the negative consequences far outweigh any advantages." Using existing literature and data, evaluate this claim from the perspective of visitors and tribal communities. I. Introduction Let’s pretend, for a moment, that you were born in an impoverished country in Africa. You had no access to clean water, a reliable food source, a free education, or adequate medical care. However, other local peoples close to you say that they will pay you a stipend every month for allowing a tourist group to come and visit the home where you live, for preparing the tourists daily meals more... Demeaning...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Capital Punishment and Execution in the United States

... ENG 1250 Prof. Isaac Palumbo December 8, Capital Punishment and Execution in the United s The issue of capital punishment inthe United States has elicited not only serious but also sometimes emotionally-packed debates. This kind of punishment is meant for people who have committed aggravated murder. It seldom applies to offenders of felony murder. Capital punishment has existed in The United states from since the time of the Common Law, when it was also applied to all American colonies before their independence. Even after the American Revolution, capital punishment was still maintained within the Anglo-American Common Law which emerged. The major methods of execution used in the past included the exposure of the defendant... ENG 1250 Prof....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Jimmy Lee Grays Trial and Execution Process

...JIMMY LEE GRAY CASE STUDY by of the of the of the School 19 March, Introduction Jimmy Lee Gray’s trial and execution is one of the outstanding cases that led to questioning of the American criminal justice system. He was accused of a murder charge on a three year old girl, which led to his conviction of capital punishment after a series of trials. His past record before the case was an unfavourable one too, since he had been imprisoned in Arizona prisons for the murder of his girlfriend (a teenager) some years in the past. Just like many cases, his also stood out for the murder reasons, and people tend to forget other crimes of molestation to the kid he killed. According to Jimmy lee Gray v Eddie Lucas, Waden et al [1982], Jimmy... LEE GRAY...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Corporate Social Responsibility and Public Relations

...Corporate Social Responsibility and Public Relations Comparison of Corporate Social Responsibility and PublicRelations Corporations are considered to be unique institutions being taken to act as humans. However, in the real life they are not humans since they lack the ability to think or feel. Corporations are composed of people of different characters and abilities who band together in pursuit of a common business objective. Since human beings are different in nature, organizations are also different. However, common interest is their uniting force. Therefore, despite the fact that companies can be expected to operate ethically and honestly, they lack the moralistic nature but pragmatic (Clark 2000, p. 45). This makes them focus...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Effects of Cancelling the One Child Policy in China

... Effects of cancelling the One Child Policy in China Introduction Population increase has become one of the widely discussed issues across the world, with countries trying to find ways by which they can control their level of population growth to match the resources available. While an increase in population has its own advantages like increased markets for goods and services manufactured, which is good for economic growth and development, these many people become a problem when available resources cannot be utilized by them adequately. In many countries and cities, this increased population without the necessary resources has often led to a scramble for the little available resources, something that later causes many social... Effects of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Excutions for FREE!

Contact Us