Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Cardiac Catheterization - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Cardiac catheterization has evolved over the years without any major changes in the basic procedure. If we look at other surgical procedures they have evolved into completely different procedure over the time but cardiac catheterization has not changed a lot and that shows how strong the principles of this procedure are…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Cardiac Catheterization
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cardiac Catheterization"

Download file to see previous pages In 1947, Louis Dexter expanded the clinical use of right heart catheterization with studies in patients with congenital heart disease and identified the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure as a useful clinical measurement. By this point, the value of homodynamic measurements was being fully realized, and further developments came rapidly" (Roger, 2008). The technique and safety profile of the instruments used for bringing homodynamic stability though has been evolving over the time. Initial there used to be compression techniques to stop the vessels from bleeding which was and still is the main complication of angiography and angioplasty. Post op bleeding from the intervention site is the main reason of keeping patients in bed for a couple of hours which is very cumbersome for the patients. Cardiac catheterization can be done through different access points but the window to work in becomes an issue. Using upper extremity vessels will be a very good alternative to have a controlled bleeding because of the diameter of the vessel and their easy access but the window of access gets compromised and the choice of catheters for maximum access and manipulation becomes a problem so, the preferred access rout is still femoral arty and mainly the common femoral artery neither above non below it. "The main advantages to this method are its ease and substantial safety record. The main disadvantage is the need for an extended (2-6 h) period of bed rest after completion of the procedure. Several types of arterial closure devices now are available that provide rapid homeostasis and shorten the period of bed rest considerably. However, complication rates with these closure devices are similar to conventional manual compression". (Roger, 2008). "Reductions in sheath size, intensity and duration of anticoagulation with heparin, and procedure time were observed. Adverse outcomes of major femoral bleeding included prolonged hospital stay, and increased requirement for blood transfusion. Major femoral bleeding and blood transfusion are both associated with decreased long-term survival, driven by a significant increase in 30-day mortality" (Brendan, 2007). Manual or mechanical compression as the name itself explains it is to be done by the surgeon or any other volunteer in the surgical team to provide compression with the pressure through the pulp of three or four fingers in the downward direction without releasing it for a microsecond for at least for 10-15 minutes at the site of the intervention. (Shaffer, 2005).Vascular closure devices are a very nice and safe alternative to the mechanical compression methods in terms of vascular complication, surgeon's factors and patient's factors.
In percoutaneous intervention intra vascular complication which includes "ecchymosis (37%), hematoma (20%), and oozing (15%)" are major complications. These complications occur more frequently with mechanical and device assisted compression. The main reason for these complications is the way mechanical or device assisted compression is applied and unless it is applied exactly the same way it does not fulfill the purpose. Apart from these commonly happening but comparatively less dangerous issues there is a another major complication of leg ischemia which occurs due to prolonged deprivation of blood supply. Post-operatively some patients do ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Cardiac Catheterization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Cardiac Catheterization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from
(Cardiac Catheterization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Cardiac Catheterization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words.
“Cardiac Catheterization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cardiac Catheterization

The Prevention of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy During a Cardiac Catheterization

..., or if there are other heart defects. If disease?is found in the coronary arteries, this test can determine the size ?and location. The results from a cardiac catheterization can help the ?physician know how to best treat the patient. ?The cardiac catheterization is performed in a cardiac cath lab suite. Once the patient enters the suite, the patient is put on a flat X-ray table. The patient is put on an electrocardiogram machine, which continuously records the electrical activity of the patient’s heart during the procedure. After prepping the patient, a local anesthetic is injected into the skin at the insertion site—whether it is the ?femoral artery,...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper


...?Cardiac Arrest What is Cardiac Arrest? Cardiac arrest is not a disease really unknown to people, it is a health threat people have been facing sincedecades. Cardiac arrest can be described as a dysfunction of heart functioning due to the interruption in its normal working pattern. When the heart’s sustenance is at risk, it cannot pump anymore blood to the human system and hence the body dies. The heart breakdown can have various symptoms in humans, but the extreme tension on this organ can invariably lead to cardiac arrest and finally death. The heart is an organ working on electrical mechanism, and all the organs of the body receive blood from heart. According to (Medicin net)“The heart is an electrical pump, where the electricity...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

THE Prevention of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy during a Cardiac Catheterization

... complications like morbidity, increased duration of stay in the hospital, hemodialysis risk, development of end-stage kidney disease and even death. Hence, it is very important to take all measures to prevent development of this condition in any patient undergoing cardiac catheterization. There has been ample research in this regard and several studies have been conducted to evaluate and ascertain various strategies that might be useful in preventing contrast-induced nephropathy at various stages of catheterization like before the procedure, after the procedure and during the procedure. In this essay, various preventive strategies for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy during cardiac catheterization will be discussed through review...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Cardiac changes

...?   Cardiac Changes       Cardiac Changes Cardiac Changes Cardiac changes take place with maturation in every human being. Aging produces significant cardiovascular transformations. The cardiac productivity diminishes, arteriosclerosis develops and blood pressure rises (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2003). The lungs of the aging individual illustrate damaged exchange of gas, decelerated expiratory flow speeds, and a reduction in essential capacity. In addition, physiologic aging is also accompanied by decreased elasticity and compliance of the large arteries and aorta. This leads to enhanced impedance to left ventricular ejection, an elevated systolic arterial pressure, and consequent interstitial fibrosis and left ventricular...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cardiac Surgery

...Temporary Epicardial Pacing Versus Atropine after Cardiac Surgery Introduction: Under normal conditions, the pacemaker function of the heart resides in the sinoatrial (SA) node that lies at the junction of the right atrium and superior vena cava. Once the pacing impulse exits the sinus node and perinodal tissues, it traverses the atrium until it reaches the atrioventricular (AV) node. The sinus node, atrium, and AV node are significantly influenced by autonomic tone (Saxena, P., Konstantinov, I. E., and Newman, M. A., 2007, p 60). Vagal influences depress the automaticity of the sinus node, depress conduction, and prolong AV nodal conduction and refractoriness in the tissues surrounding the sinus node; inhomogeneously decreases atrial...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cardiac Biomedicine: Cardiac Hypertrophy and Failure Draft

... Cardiovascular Research: Research Proposal Cardiac Biomedicine: Cardiac Hypertrophy and Failure Draft Introduction The cardiomyopathies are a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle itself and are not the result of hypertension or congenital or acquired valvular, coronary, or pericardial abnormalities. The term cardiomyopathy should be restricted to a condition primarily involving the myocardium. When the cardiomyopathies are classified on an etiologic basis, two fundamental forms are recognized: (1) a primary type, consisting of heart muscle disease of unknown cause; and (2) a secondary type, consisting of myocardial disease of known cause or associated with a disease involving other organ systems. In many cases, however...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Proposal

Cardiac Care

...Review of the EMS article, the Cutting Edge Cardiac Care The medical article, Cutting Edge Cardiac Care issued by EMS World in February tackles the improvement of the pre-hospital cardiac care with the help of advance technology and innovation particularly with the ARCTIC Program.EMS stands for Emergency Medical Services while EMS World is an online publication that provides EMS news and training for paramedics. The Advanced Resuscitation Cooling Therapeutics and Intensive Care or ARCTIC is the most comprehensive program of its kind in the United States. According to the article, ARCTIC has two goals and these are: 1) to restart the heart as quickly as possible, and to start cooling as early as possible, and 2) transport patients...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cardiac Contractility

...Cardiac Contractility Increased Cardiac Contractility: Introduction of ionotropic agents such as digitalis increase contractility of the heart and, therefore, cause increase in the cardiac output. Due to this effect, the intersection point between cardiac output and venous return curve in ‘figure 5’ shift higher up. (Costanzo, 2010). Keeping this new change in mind, it can be presented on the graphical solver as shown below. Fig: 7. Effect of different variables on graphical solution Increase Heart Rate: Increasing the heart rate also increases the cardiac output. This is because cardiac output is the total volume of blood ejected from the heart in systemic circulation in one minute i.e. CO = Stroke Volume x Heart Rate. As discussed...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Grossman's Cardiac Catheterization, Angiography, and Intervention

... to public and sports exposure amongst the children. TRB (T Cell Receptor Beta Locus) was also supposed to be removed after the patient returned to the ward an hour later. The TRB is just a gene involving protein coding. The removal of the TRB was through the fear that the patient might experience a decline in the flow of blood through the lunar and radial arteries, and compression bandage fasten that area (Yan & Kowey 2002, p. 3). References List Baim, D S, & Grossman, W 2005, Grossman's cardiac catheterization, angiography, and intervention. Philadelphia, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. pp. 8-12. Yan, G-X & Kowey, P R 2002, Management of cardiac arrhythmias. New York, NY, Humana Press. pp. 2-4....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Emergency Service Personnel and the Impact of Stress and Cardiac Related Problems on Their Jobs

Due to the nature of their jobs, personnel working in these departments are prone to many occupational hazards, the most important of which is stress. This could be due to their own living environment, their protective gear, their officers and leaders, current management styles, co-workers, and the stress of leaving their families and loved ones alone during natural and man-made disasters. Many of them are required to withstand horrendous physical and psychological assaults as they perform their duty. They have to work in the midst of civil unrest, urban terrorism, structural collapse, earthquakes, and hurricanes. They need to be action-oriented and need to be in control. Those people who choose a career in this path, with all its...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Teaching a Second Year Student Nurse About Cardiac Medications

...A Reflective Critical Analysis of a Teaching Skill: Teaching a Second Year Student Nurse About Cardiac Medications This paper presents a reflective critical analysis of a teaching skill from a specific teaching session. The goal of the teaching session is for a second year student nurse to acquire fundamental knowledge pertaining to the administration of cardiac drugs and the corresponding systemic effect of such medication on a patient. Prior to the teaching session, the learning need of the student nurse which had to be addressed in that session was identified. Recognition of the learning need was based on the difficulties encountered by the student nurse during the previous drug round. During this first drug round which took place...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Effects of Fats and Cholesterol on Cardiac Disease

...Effects of fats and cholesterol on Cardiac Disease “Incidence of cardiac disease is determined by the type of fat and cholesterol in the body, with varying metabolisms and dysfunctions.” Abstract Evidences and research in the field of health and medicine have indicated the incidence of cardiac diseases to be much higher than other fatal diseases. Researchers have attributed causes for this increase in heart diseases to life styles, eating habits, work nature and psychological status of individuals. This paper uses a research strategy to establish the relation between fat and cholesterol to cardiac diseases by studying literature and research published on the subject. Firstly, historic incidences along with progress...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

Hypothermia Post-Cardiac Arrest

...SECTION #2: Hypothermia Post-cardiac Arrest For the Bernard article: a. Describe the design (retro/pro-spective? randomized This is a prospective randomized controlled study. The study was conducted in current time or prospectively by subjecting 77 patients to treatment with hypothermia or normothermia. The subjects were randomly assigned to such treatments and outcome measures were used to establish results and answers to the questions being raised in this study. b. Describe the study population (area, inclusion criteria)? What was the ‘intervention’? Identify key pieces of ‘data’ collected. The study covered 84 patients who were eligible for enrollment, with 77 of them being finally enrolled in the treatment. Inclusion criteria...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Cardiac Glycosides

...Table of Contents Abstract 2 1 Introduction 2 Figure 1 3 2Bioactivities 4 2.1 Antiarrhythmic activity 4 Fig. 2CG Mechanism of Action 5 2.2 Anticancer activity 5 2.3 Antiviral activity 6 2.4 Central nervous activity 6 3 Biosynthesis 6 Figure 3. Biosynthesis of Glycoside 7 Scheme 2. Biosynthesis of digitoxigenin 8 4. Chemical synthesis 8 Figure 4 9 Scheme 3. Chemical modification of digitoxin 11 5. Structure-Activity Relationship 11 6Conclusion 13 References 14 Abstract Cardiac glycosides are category of medication that is used to treat heart failure as well as certain asymmetrical heartbeats. since cardiac glycosides are located in the leaf of the digitalis plant (the original foundation of this medication). In other words, Cardiac...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Cardiac Catheterization for FREE!

Contact Us