We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales - Essay Example

Comments (0)
According to the World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems, the British constitution is "a blend of statute law, precedent, and tradition dating back to the time of King Henry I." It also said that the three major statutes that define the British legal and political history were the Magna Carta (1215), the Bill of Rights (1688), and the Act of Settlement (1700).
Download full paper

Extract of sample
The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales

Download file to see previous pages... This is because the acts of the Parliament can override common law provisions. Moreover, its membership in the European Union requires it to follow the European community law.
The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems also said that the legal system in England and Wales is "adversarial" in all courts, including the juvenile courts. Its criminal justice is the "historical pioneer" of the common law type of legal system.
More often than not, the law evolves through the decisions made in previous individual cases while decisions in court influence certain perceptions and rules. Such practices might have originated from the fifth century while it was after 1066 when general perceptions regarding common law principles increased.
Also, the World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems added that England and Wales' common legal systems were derived from the Acts of Union of 1536 and 1542. Moreover, the late 19th and 20th centuries have witnessed a boost in the number and scale of statutes and of delegated legislation in British law.
Just like in most countries, crime in England and Wales is classified and distinguished mostly on the basis of its seriousness. In addition, an offense may vary according to the procedure it is brought into trial. For example, if it's through a magistrates' court only, by indictment, or by the higher Crown court. It may also vary according to the sanction.
Criminal responsibility in England and Wales is 10, so those between ages 10 and 17 are forced to face a youth court if they are charged with a criminal offense. Its difference with the court for adults is that parents of the child offender may be charged with fines which they must pay and supervise their child's behavior.
In terms of drug use, the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971 covers the terms and conditions. It listed drugs into classes A, B, or C. This act was intended to regulate the use and flow of drugs, according to the World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems. And as in many countries all over the world, it is unlawful to produce, supply, possess, prepare, cultivate, and import or export and such substances.
World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems said that 1994 data shows that there were 5.3 million recorded offenses in England and Wales, this would include indictable offenses and summary offenses, 26 percent of which were cleared. About 729 of the cases were homicide charges and 220,000 offenses of violence against persons. Meanwhile, only 19,600.of these offenses were classified to be serious.
During the same year, 5,039 rape cases were recorded which accounted to only one percent of the total recorded offenses. Meanwhile, an astounding 93 percent of the overall offenses were against property, including burglary, theft, criminal damages, and fraud. As for drug offenses, 17,569 cases were reported.
Not surprisingly, about half of the total recorded offenses were to be found in metropolitan police areas while rural areas had the lowest crime rates.
Judicial System
According to The Criminal Justice System Review, the criminal justice system of England and Wales has changed drastically. This is because before the introduction of the due process, those ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Racial discrimination within the criminal justice process in England and Wales
Racial discrimination has attracted intense debate since the murder of black teenager Stephen Lawrence in 1993 and the inquiry by Sir William MacPherson in to extend of racial discrimination in the criminal justice system (Bowling, 1998). The investigation was the first to unearth racial discrimination in the police institution.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Youth Justice System in England and Wales in Comparison with another Country
Title: Youth Justice System in England and Wales in Comparison with another Country Introduction: Youth justice system or juvenile justice system is considered for the youth who commit crimes and thus contribute to severe criminal offences. The systems include such laws, rules, policies, as well as organizations that are mostly concerned in dealings with young criminals.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Models of Criminal Justice System in England and Wales
England and Wales try to cope with this by strengthening its criminal justice system. Unlike in USA, England and Wales have no criminal or penal code. Instead, England and Wales rely on various agencies to deliver an effective justice system that brings offenders to justice while protecting the innocent.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The criminal justice system in England and Wales
We appreciate images to be any form of graphical in order, context as the major story and the standard ideas it represents, lexis as the actual language used, grammar as the agreement of the lexis and linguistics as verbal communication devices such as influential or informative approaches.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Prison System in England and Wales
This paper investigates into the prison crisis in England and Wales and researches into the major causes corroborating the situation. Increasing the number of prisons in the region is often considered to be the best possible solution to this problem, however the efficiency of this sort of remedy could be best analysed once the underlying causes that crusade the prison crisis are figured out.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Victims and The Criminal Justice system of England and Wales
These may all play their part, but young children get raped as do elderly women in their own homes, so it seems that blaming the victim, even in part, is not always the correct
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
If criminal justice is a 'system' in England and wales, describe and examine how the agencies within contribute to a rising population of predominantly males
Majority of these prisoners are in jail because of violence related offences necessitating custodial sentencing and rehabilitation. England and Wales have the highest prison populations in Europe with the rates of
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Has the Human Rights Act 1998 had a major impact on the criminal justice system in England and Wales
The rights stated on the Human Rights Act 1998, apply to the entire population of the United Kingdom. Nearly all the rights contained in the act are incorporated into law, and therefore the Human Rights
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Examine the ways in which attempts are being made to address the problem of cyber bullying in the criminal justice system of England and Wales
Statistics in the recent past show that approximately 4,500 children have experienced bullying online and this gives a glimpse on the reason for understanding why a human being chooses
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Explore the advantages and disadvantages of involving Victims in the Sentencing of Offenders
However, it is necessary to better comprehend and taken into consideration, their experience of the criminal justice system (Rossetti, et al., 2010). The UK Government regards
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us