StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Human Memory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The human memory is akin to the hard drive and RAM of a computer, just like the most powerful CPU would be futile with memory, so also human intelligence would be futile without memory to remember and retrieve information. Not only would studying pose a problem but also tasks such as talking to somebody or doing something hold no relevance since you wouldn't remember what you were talking about or doing…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful
Human Memory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Human Memory"

Download file to see previous pages In contrast, as is attested by anyone who knows a person ravaged by Alzheimer's disease, even with normal sensory input, lack of memory is profoundly debilitating (Smith 267).
Earlier work in the study of memory was confined to association between stimulus and response. However, current studies emphasize cognitive or mental processes over stimulus response association ( Morgan 184).
How does the brain memorize information In order to answer this question, one must study the three stages of memory- encoding, storage and retrieval. Suppose you saw a parakeet for the first time in your life when your friend showed you one in the park last week. Subsequently when you went to the bird sanctuary today and saw a similar bird you immediately recognized it as a parakeet. This simple act actually entailed three steps; when your friend showed you the parakeet, you transformed the information that this bird is called a parakeet( the sound input) and that's what it looks like (the visual input); which are physical inputs into the kind of code that your memory would accept. This stage is called the encoding stage. The storing of this information for a week was the storage phase and when you retrieved the information to recognize the bird this morning; that was the retrieval stage.
Memory can fail yo
Memory can fail you at any one of these stages. Recent studies have shown that while encoding most of the activated brain regions are in the left hemisphere and during retrieval in the right hemisphere.
Long Term and Short Term Memory.
When a friend gives you his or her phone number verbally, its relatively easy to repeat it immediately. However recalling it after a day becomes difficult. Repeating the number immediately is an example of short term memory while recalling it after a day is constitutes long term memory. Experiments on small mammals and observation of people with damage to some parts of the brain have shown that the hippocampus a brain structure beneath the cortex is responsible for short term memory; whereas, the front of the cortex is responsible for long term memory (Atkinson 258).
Usage Of Different Memories For Different Types Of Information
Recent evidence has indicated that that different types of memories are used to store two different types of information; a fact such as the name of the current president- this uses explicit memory and a skill such as playing a piano- this uses implicit memory ( Atkinson 259; Smith 269)
Even though short term memory involves recall of information in a few seconds it still goes through the three stages of encoding, storage and retrieval. To encode information we must first attend to it. Most issues with memory lapses can be attributed to a lack of attention. Since we are selective about what we attend to; only that memory will be encoded and can later be retrieved. The three types of coding used are- visual when the input or representation is visual such as a picture, acoustic when the information is verbal, such as somebody saying something, and semantic when the infor ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Human Memory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Human Memory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501740-human-memory
(Human Memory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Human Memory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501740-human-memory.
“Human Memory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501740-human-memory.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Human Memory

Human memory appears to consist of a number of systems. Outline ways in which these have been described and examine the evidence

... describes and classifies human memory systems using various methods. One of the approaches is classification by dissociation, where the evidence for the method is derived from clinical and experimental observations concerning the working or functioning of the memory (Tulving 2006). Using this approach, human memory consists of three interrelated subsystems namely short-term sensory storage (STSS), working or short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM). Short-term sensory storage system is fast and automatic system that stores information for a period of less than one second. The sensory system perceives and stores visual and auditory information temporarily (Tulving 2006). According to Baddeley (1997), dissociation contributes...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Human Memory Proces

..., and consolidation processes. 1. The human memory model has four basic stages: encoding, storage, retrieval, and consolidation. See Figure 1 for the memory model. Memory encoding refers to the process of converting information that comes through the human senses into a form that can be stored in people’s memory (Nevid, 2009, p.210). An example is acoustic encoding, where people memorize a new telephone number by verbally repeating it to themselves. The next step is memory storage. It is the process of keeping information in memory (Nevid, 2009, p.211). Some memories tend to be stored...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Human Memory

...? Investigating effects of Advertising and Marketing in Human Memory of Memory is the ability to remember information about past experiences or knowledge. Sensory memory is the first stage of memory. The information gathered from the environment through sensory perception is referred as sensory memory. Short-term memory is a system for temporarily storing and retrieving information necessary in performing complex tasks such as learning and comprehension. The information stored in this system last for a couple of minutes only. On the other hand, the Long-term memory is responsible of storing information for longer period of time. Human memory plays the most important role in advertising and marketing. Marketers have found...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Human Episodic Memory

...Running Head: Human Episodic Memory Human Episodic Memory: Long and Short Term Stores Clinical and Cognitive Neuropsychology [Institution's Name] Abstract This paper critically evaluates the cognitive neuropsychological evidence used to support the claim that human episodic memory is comprised of separate short- and long-term stores. For this purpose detailed account of memory and its function in human cognitive system is presented here with an explanation of phases of memory and how its stores shedding light upon long and short term stores of human episodic memory. A clinical neuropsychological analysis of human episodic memory is also presented with the help of adetailed diagram. Human Episodic Memory: Long...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Human Memory

...such features, is because of memory. This occurs as a process of information retention in which one’s experiences are archived, and these can be recovered when recalled. Memory and learning are mutually and closely interrelated. Learning is the acquisition of new knowledge and skills, and memory is the retention of this knowledge. Ability to consider the past, think in the present, and predict the future, as well as the use of language are all based on learning and human memory. Memory is also understood as a comprehensive term ranging from memories of childhood and autobiographical memory, to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

High-Speed Scanning In Human Memory

... the supposition of information that is already stored in the memory, then the latency of the response has a direct effect on the retrieval of the information (Sternberg 1966). Particularly, the study was more concerned with the effect the memory elements had on the latency of the response; hence, the question how symbolic memory can be retrieved at a high scanning speed from the recent memory. Cognitive psychology terms 1. Response: In cognitive psychology, response determines the change in attitude that is put in a persuasive communication. Response has been attributed with the cognitive response theory in which the insights to persuasion variables are enhanced as is in the article. For the case of human memory, the response attained...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Human learning & Memory

...Human Learning & Memory Human Learning & Memory Introduction The human brain often suffers from certain conditions and diseases that affects its ability to perform effectively as expected. One of the conditions that affect the functioning of the brain is the Alzheimers disease. Additionally, research has also discovered that amnesia is also another diseases that causes tremendous effects on the brains ability to store and retrieve different kinds of information stored in its memory According the research findings conducted by Joshua, Andrew & Yonelinas (2014) and Richard J. A. et al (2014), Alzheimers disease is often starts slowly, such that one may not effectively notice it and later worsens with time. One of the earliest symptoms...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Declarative Memory Consolidation: Mechanisms acting During Human Sleep

...Declarative memory consolidation: Mechanisms acting during human sleep 1. Steffen Gais and 2. Jan Born1 + Author Affiliations 1. Department of Neuroendocrinology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck 23538, Germany Next Section Abstract Of late, an increasing number of studies have shown a strong relationship between sleep and memory. Here we summarize a series of our own studies in humans supporting a beneficial influence of slow-wave sleep (SWS) on declarative memory formation, and try to identify some mechanisms that might underlie this influence. Specifically, these experiments show that declarative memory benefits mainly from sleep periods dominated by SWS, whereas there is no consistent benefit of this memory from periods rich in rapid...
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Paper

Properties of Human Memory - Storage, Retrieval, And Oblivion

..., its retrieval and forgetting along with their implications for the system of evaluation. Also when it comes to the control and establishment of any aspect of learning in a society, we cannot help ourselves but refer to the data available through the literature. Hence, discussed below are the important factors that are related to the three aspects of the memory system. 1. INTRODUCTION Memory has continuously been considered as a cabinet that stores information and data received. The major difference between the considerations of the past and that of the current epoch is that previously the importance given to the functioning of memory was less than it is now. Sometimes memory is referred to as a processor underneath the human scalp...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

How Reliable is Human Memory

...How reliable is Human Memory? Memory is one of the most important cognitive processes humans depend on. It is also a process that rules people’s behavior and helps deal with matters in everyday life. Usually, it is defined as the cognitive process of capacity to retain and revive events, facts, impressions, and recall previous experiences. Therefore, the common definition suggests that memory is some sort of tape recorder registering everything a person sees and experiences. However, this is not really so, because memory is rather reconstruction of what happened than an accurate retrieval of information. In other words, human memory is not as reliable and objective as people tend to consider it to be. There is an idea that emotions do...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Human Memory for FREE!

Contact Us