StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Collective bargaining, in the context of business, is the process through which an organized union of workers and their employer negotiate the terms of employment. More specifically, it is the negotiation between organized employees and their employer usually in an attempt by the employees to effect an improvement in wages, hours, rules, and working conditions.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.7% of users find it useful
How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry"

Download file to see previous pages ("United Airlines CEO," 2000)
In the airline industry, bargaining is administered by the National Mediation Board (NMB) under the RLA. In the last half century the RLA, as applies to the airline industry, has resulted in strikes in less than 3 percent of all cases. In spite of this, most airline management views the process required by the RLA as antiquated and broken ("Ex-Gov. Goldschmidt," 2003)
The railway labor act of 1926 was the first major labor legislation passed by the U.S. Congress. Instead of forming rules that applied to the whole of U.S. Industry, it targeted the railroad business, then the most important part of the transportation business in U.S. ("Bargaining Under the Railway Labor Act"). The act's purpose was essentially to replace strikes with bargaining, arbitration, and mediation as a way to resolve labor disputes. The act also disallowed employers from forcing workers to bargain through company-dominated unions. ("Collective Bargaining")
There are two ways in which the RLA delays or eliminates strikes altogether: the act prolongs the process of collective bargaining; as the act requires that the parties have been released by the NMB 30 days before a strike can take place, where the date of release is the sole discretion of the NMB. ("Collective Bargaining")
Second, the RLA requires mandatory arbi...
("Collective Bargaining")
Both labor unions and employers benefited from the RLA. Workers, who wanted to have the opportunity to organize themselves and to obtain the proper attention from employers to negotiate new agreements and enforce existing ones, got what they wanted. So did the railroad companies. The Congress had decided that commerce had to be kept moving in the interest of the public, and thus mandated that workers, in spite of any disputes, must "work now" and "grieve later." Thus employers won the right to keep business going in spite of ongoing labor disputes. ("Railway Labor Act," 2005)

There are some exceptions to the "work now, grieve later" rule, however. Workers are allowed to refuse to work when they have a reasonable belief that the work is unsafe, and when work being asked for is in clear violation of the contract. However, if the company can make a "reasonable" claim that the contract justifies the work being requested, then the employee is expected to work, and report any grievances later. ("Bargaining Under the Railway Labor Act")

Under the RLA, the first step in contract negotiations are "direct negotiations," which are negotiations without the mediation of the NMB. Agreements also do not have inherent expiration dates under the RLA-expiration dates must be set within the agreement itself. Hence the agreement remains enforceable, and is the status quo, until any change is agreed upon by both parties. ("Bargaining Under the Railway Labor Act")
The RLA allows strikes over major disputes (or disputes that concern the creation or modification of the collective bargaining agreement) only if all of the RLA's negotiation ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry Essay”, n.d.)
How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501592-how-the-railway-labor-act-affected-bargaining-in-the-aviation-industry
(How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry Essay)
How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501592-how-the-railway-labor-act-affected-bargaining-in-the-aviation-industry.
“How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501592-how-the-railway-labor-act-affected-bargaining-in-the-aviation-industry.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry

A Short History of Japanese Film Industry

The response generated from other regions is good enough yet questionable. What do these Asian productions have that attracted the international scene? What does the Korean wave really mean? Furthermore, were their productions in the recent years created in the nature that the other regions would appreciate, diverting from the contemporary film style they used to execute locally so that it would sell in the global market?

The transition from traditional to contemporary entertainment in Japan came a few years before the advent of the 20th century with the production of the first Japanese films, Bake Jizo1 and Shinin No Sosei2, both said produced in 1898. The next year, a short production entitled Geisha no Teodora was cr...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

The Growth of the Service Industry

The expansion of the service sector has unquestionably generated economic prosperity, but it has eminently contributed to social injustice and inequality. Consequently, I believe that while the growth of the service industry has great economic intuition, it is eventually socially detrimental and distancing society from achieving paradigms of social equilibrium.
Service, by definition, is the exchange of a commodity that has no tangible form; whereas industry is described as the people or organizations engaged in a particular type of enterprise. The service industry is then simply defined as an aggregation of commercial entities that provide services rather than physical objects. The non-material nature of services can be dist...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

The Sale of Goods Act

The goods purchased in contracts should be of satisfactory quality as established by Section 14(2) of the Sale of Goods Act. However, this statutory requirement is applied to goods sold in the normal course of the business. In addition, goods supplied in contracts should have satisfactory quality and should be reasonably fit for the purpose for which the buyer had bought them.
Goods supplied must conform to their original description made at the time of entering into the contract. These requirements benefit the buyer and the supplier will be held liable if these requirements are breached. Essentially, the Sale of Goods Act ensures that the goods supplied must be of satisfactory quality and this requirement applies to the sale...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

How Tomatoes Can Help Your Heart

Whether tomato is a fruit or vegetable? Well, this question can be answered in both ways. Botanically, tomato is a fruit but it is so frequently used as a culinary item all over the world, it is also considered as a vegetable. Long time back, the tomato was considered as fruit and helped the exporters to avoid taxation but 1893 the Supreme Court put an over this dispute by declaring that tomato was a vegetable and since that time onwards, tomatoes were taxed accordingly. Keeping in harmony with this tradition, till date tomatoes are served as entrée and very rarely as dessert. Apart from side dishes, wide array of main course dishes are also prepared from tomatoes and these dishes are regarded considered as lip-smacking cui...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The Treason Act of 1351

...The ability and responsibility to promote human rights rests on everyone’s shoulders; but what is acceptable behavior in attempting to prevent a terrible act from occurring, and what is rightfully considered treason? And in terms of ruling courts of law, who should decide what is and is not acceptable? The Treason Act of 1351 was originally written in Norman French, and has gone through several revisions. The Fifth Statute defines treason in the following manner: “II. ITEM, Whereas divers Opinions have been before this Time in what Case Treason shall be said, and in what not;1 the King, at the Request of the Lords and of the Commons, hath made a Declaration in the Manner as hereafter followeth, that is to say; When a Man doth compass...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Effects of Financial Crisis on Supplier Selection Criteria of the Oil and Gas Industry Equipment Market

It is a difficult task to find those vendors who not only have the adequate quality and quantity of the needed raw materials but who also have an attitude of efficiency and display commitment to customer service (Sonmat, 2006). Further, organizations also strive to locate and select vendors who can be depended upon for long term relationship.

The number of factors or attributes desired from the vendor is vast, and different organizations and different industries place different importance on the attributes (Sonmat, 2006). Some of the vendor attributes may gain importance owing to the nature of the industry, for example, in the case of consumer perishables suppliers, like fresh vegetables or fruits, the buying firm would...
20 Pages(5000 words)Literature review

Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and Its Capacity for Addressing the Needs of the Hospitality Industry

It is expected that the development of the tourism sector will assist in providing employment to the young and a valued source of income for the nation.

The tourism sector in Morocco has presented a strong growth of 6%, compared to a world average of 1.6% within the last decade (Alkhatib, 2008, Pp. 2). However, the tourism sector in Morocco must compete with other regional attractions, including those that are found in Egypt, which presented a growth rate of 20.6% for its tourism sector within the same period. The Vision 2010 strategy developed by the government in Morocco in the year 2001 in concert with the private sector targets attracting 10 million tourists compared to the 4.4 million in the year 2001 to generate...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

...Management Theory and Practice in the early childhood education industry This Report applies management theory into practice in the early childhood industry, especially in the context of women leaders. Management issues play a significant role in the academic sector, because early childhood professionals need higher levels of motivation in order to avoid burnout . As pointed out in a study by Osgood and Halsall (2007) where they carried out research to examine the position of women in leadership or management positions, a “glass ceiling” exists for women in the academic setting, which could significantly impair motivation. Since many of the individuals employed in the early education sector are women, addressing this issue is even more...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Key Macro Factors that Have Influenced the UK Grocery Retailing Industry since the Early 1960s

...1. Assess the key macro factors that have influenced the UK grocery retailing industry since the early 1960s. The concept of organisational change is inherently intertwined with external threats and opportunities, which businesses must adapt to as part of strategic planning to continue long term growth. Senior and Fleming argue that the concept of organisational change has many faces, namely “convergent changes and transformational change that is organisation wide and characterised by radical shifts in strategy, mission values and associated changes of structures and systems” (In Thompson & Martin, 2005, p.41). Moreover, Johnson et al highlight that external macro-economic factors intrinsically impact strategy management and without...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry for FREE!

Contact Us