StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Galileo's Interventionist Notion of Cause - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In Galileo's Interventionist Notion of "Cause", Steffen Ducheyne has deliberated on Galileo's development of a "new notion of causality",which was primarily based on interventionist school. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
Galileos Interventionist Notion of Cause
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Galileo's Interventionist Notion of Cause"

Download file to see previous pages In Galileo's Interventionist Notion of "Cause", Steffen Ducheyne has deliberated on Galileo's development of a "new notion of causality" (p.443), which was primarily based on interventionist school. Steffen used respective studies and analyses from past and current researchers and presented his point of view after contrasting it from pro and con views, thus, highlighted his own point of view in an oblique way. Steffan said that Galileo believed that in order to find a causal link, one should be able to manipulate changes and the resultant changes should be reflected as effects of original changes. Thus, if A causes B and changes in A also affect B, causal relationship is established. Galileo, like a seeker, was looking for the hidden and accidental causes of effects. He was more interested in the "root" than in the "how" of a cause.Analysts have been divided by the question of whether Galileo really presented causal inquiries in his explanations of nature's phenomena as causal explanations are more easily found in Galileo's earlier works than later ones. An analysis by Ernan supported Galileo by reinterpreting this absence of "cause" in Galileo's later works as an increasing focus on kinematics, which was a precursor of dynamics, since only after properties of motion were described fully, can the respective causal explanations follow. Peter Machammer, however, believed that Galileo's unconcern for causes was reflected by the fact that he was not concerned with extrinsic causes but with "formal and final causes, and sometimes material causes" (Ducheyne, p.446). Galileo in his earliest work De Motu explicitly stated his quest not to seek for apparent causes of observable facts.
Galileo's usage of causal language may be analogous to Aristotelian reflection of causes as laid down in Aristotle's Posterior Analysis, and typified by a procedure involving analysis and deduction from observed effect to possible cause and reverse composition from cause to the effect. According to Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Galileo had achieved a remarkable feat of breaking away from traditional stereotyped Aristotelian concepts to scientific concepts that were used as a basis of "new sciences" and the foundation stone of new philosophy. (Peter Machamer, Encyclopedia of Philosophy).
It is how Galileo used causal explanation, Steffan believed, would help unravel Galileo's reasoning thread and allow the novel features, the interventionist element, in Galileo's causal explanations to come through. True causes, according to Galileo, should be closest or most efficacious in producing the effects. If an effect is not produced then the concerned element is not the true cause.
Discussion
Julian Reiss in Causal Instrumental Variables and Interventions argued against taking causal inferences on the basis of causal claims as reliable if these were based on instrumental variables. He said that taking a set of assumptions to fulfill an instrument analogous to James Woodward's intervention and causal inference might be permissible. However, he argued that for the relationship to hold, the set of assumptions might have to be very strong (Julian Reiss, Causal Instrumental Variables and Interventions). Galileo on the other hand is shown to be quite eager to proclaim his universal causality theory for all true causes. Galileo's explanations seem to have improved over his predecessors (Aristotle), however in hindsight specific lacunas or flaws can now be identified. However it goes to Galileo's credit to have improved thinking from set compartmentalized way into what he believed to better and truer explanation.
Galileo believed that the phenomenon of tides was the principle proof that the Earth moved. He set out to prove his theory by postulating that an appropriate model could largely reproduce the effect of the tides, whereas other causes (of the tides) that were promulgated at that time could not produce the desired effect. Galileo can be credited with laying seeds of scientific analysis and being able to study ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Galileo's Interventionist Notion of Cause Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1500492-galileos-interventionist-notion-of-cause
(Galileo'S Interventionist Notion of Cause Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1500492-galileos-interventionist-notion-of-cause.
“Galileo'S Interventionist Notion of Cause Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1500492-galileos-interventionist-notion-of-cause.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Galileo's Interventionist Notion of Cause

The letter of Galileo

What Galileo is up to and what is he trying to say? In the letter Galileo states that his discovery regarding the solar system was unique. People who went against him doubted that his discoveries would upset nature and jeopardize science. Galileo in the letter tried to emphasize that discoveries based on truth helps in the growth in knowledge. With the passage of time his discoveries were considered to be correct by other eminent scientist. Galileo suggests that his book must be destroyed if any disparity is found between his views regarding Copernican system and the Church. (Galilei) A war began between science and Christianity. Europeans discovered they were residing in a world and era of ever growing opportunities. The Church...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Life of galileo lalilei

...? Introduction Galileo was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who played a great role in the scientific revolution whichtook place in Europe during 16th and 17th Century. He is also called the father of the modern observational astronomy because he improved the telescope and devised methods which further confirmed the notion that earth is not the center of the universe. He is considered as one of the most influential personality to have reshaped the way Europe’s future emerged as a result of his inventions and contribution towards increasing the role of science within European society. He is also considered as a rebel because of his ideas and the way he propagated the cause of the science during the times when...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

The cause(s) of the Civil War

... Causes of the American Civil War The American civil war was a battle that was fought amongst the s of America which took place from 1861 to 1865 and resulted to 618000 people being killed.1 The main causes that led to the civil war can be attributed to the tensions that arose as the nation was being formed, which slowly built up to result into a devastating war. One of the major causes of the civil war was the economic and social differences between the states in the north and those in the south, with the states developing along different paths. The states to the north became more and more industrialized especially after the discovery of the cotton gin in 1793 because the removal of the cotton seed from the cotton was now faster using...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Notion Of Houses

...Notion Of Houses We all have temporary passions, things that seem important for a short time, and as we grow older and expand our experiences, we realize how transient many of these passions can be. My father is certainly more enduring than temporary passions; indeed, his example and his words remain indelibly etched in my mind and my soul no matter how much time passes. He often notes to me that “it is better to build human houses than to build houses with empty people.” This essay will explain my interpretation of my father's proffered wisdom, and how this folksy quotation affects my overarching values, passions, and commitments. More particularly, this essay will discuss education as my most important value, learning in different...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Trial of Galileo

...Trial of Galileo Galileo is considered the father of modern science and a major figure in the history of mankind. He was an Italian physicist, astronomer, astrologer, and philosopher, belonging to a small group of thinkers who influenced the Western culture. In a way, his growing influence amongst the people led to his clashes with the religious clergies. Born on February 15, 1564 in Pisa, his family moved to Florence when Galileo was 8 yrs. Science was not being as a subject at that time, but Galileo showed the scientific temperament form the early ages. Galileo matriculates as an "Arts" student from the University of Pisa in 1581. He started studying for priesthood, but the scientific inkling in him did not allow him to become a priest...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

History of Galileo Galilee

Galileo Galilee (1564-1642) was born in Pisa and he belonged to the era of the scientific revolution. It was a period which changed the thoughts and thinking patterns of many individuals. Galileo was interested in the field of mathematics and science and he fulfilled his aim when he became an aspiring scientist.
Galileo contributed a lot to the development of the scientific method. He evolved his theories in an enthusiastic manner, such as the law that governs falling bodies. He would evaluate all the factors that might be helpful like the effect of air resistance and then he would hypothesize what would happen. Galileo framed a formula for the analysis of falling bodies which was s=gt2(s is the distance of the entire fall an...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Social Psychology Notion

For instance, altruism is a state of selflessness that motivates the people in respect of observing social helping by sacrificing their time, money, energies and even life for the benefit and wellbeing of other members of society. Such a sympathetic, sacrificing and compassionate behavior, displayed either individually or collectively, is highly supportive one for others in respect of fulfilling their duties, obligations and everyday chores on the one hand, or is beneficial for the fulfillment of their desires and requirements on the other. The duties performed by the military personnel in the battlefield to protect their motherland and the nation is a true example of altruism, where the personal comforts are put at stake for the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Trial of Galileo Galilei

This theory ruled the ancient and medieval science for a very long time and it was hugely respected among all the scientists around the world. When Galileo introduced his theory and heliocentric approach, it was proposed that Earth does not occupy the central position in the solar system, rather sun is at the centre and all the other planets including Earth revolve around it. The observations made by Galileo through his own telescope revealed the scientific facts that initiated phenomenal criticism around the globe. He showed proof based on practical experience that Earth is not stationary, rather it revolves around the sun. Actually, Galileo was made liable to attend a trial in the court because his theory did not go in accordanc...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

The Ambiguity of the Notion of Knowledge

...Compare the roles played by reason and imagination at least 2 areas of knowledge It is possible to speak about the ambiguity of the notion of ‘knowledge’, which combines both reason and imagination. The problem of this current issue is that knowledge can not be always appreciated as truth. Here it should be noticed that this is connected with imagination. Imagination is a complicated process of thinking, which is special for every person. The role of image and reason in different areas of knowledge Nowadays there are many applied sciences, which ignore the specific field of true knowledge – the border between true knowledge and false knowledge. The adherents of these sciences declare that student should be taught only the things...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Different Factors That Cause Food Spoilage

The mechanism of action of these microbes is quite interesting. For example, some microbes release enzymes into the liquid surrounding them and absorb nutrition from the fluid digested externally. On top of that, this process of digestion leaves behind a residue of toxic waste, which is poisonous. That is why food items (both natural and processed) with high fluid content tend to be more susceptible to spoilage. So this is one internal or intrinsic condition for food spoilage.
Also, the vulnerability of a food item for a microbe attack is largely determined by its classification. Food such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are made up of organic compounds, whose nutrition attracts microbes. On the other hand vitamins and m...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Possible Cause of Juvenile Crime

The Latin word, ‘delinquent,’ connotes dereliction of duty and gave rise to the term ‘delinquency,’ which is now generally recognized as offenses against lawful authority, or to the violation of criminal law by a child below the age of eighteen (Concept and Causes of Juvenile Delinquency). Prior to the mid-nineteenth century, children under the age of seven were not held to be responsible for criminal acts, children under the age of fourteen were held to be incapable of criminal intent and those above fourteen were subject to the same legal proceedings as adults The Juvenile Offender’s Act of 1847 allowed children under fourteen to be tried speedily and outside public scrutiny by two magistrates. The...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

S&T Debt Factors

The agreement contains a credit default contracts that include credit default swaps, default index contracts, credit default options, and credit default basket options. One can use these as part of the mechanism that is collateralized by debt obligations. The goal should be to establish a price for a given risk and controlling credit based on risk. The credit can be allowed by minimization of risk. Credit controllers should develop versatile tools that transfer risk away from a lender’s balance sheet.
d) With reference to the proposed debt counseling business, illustrate and explain exactly how you would organize the debt counseling operation, taking particular care to explain how and when you would receive payment for...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

How Did Radio in the 1960's Mark the Changing Social Order in the UK and US

...How did radio in the 1960s mark - and even actively promote - the changing social order in the UK and US? The 1960s saw perhaps the greatest social changes in history. For the first time young people and their parents were divided. They had different cultural ideas and little middle ground to understand each other. The music tastes, social conventions and political beliefs of the older generation had been violently rejected by a disaffected youth which sought to establish a new social order. These were times of change, times of disaffection and times in which a whole new social network was being established. This took the form of underground movements, independent press and pirate radio. This essay will focus on this final tool... did radio...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Interventionist Artists

...Interventionist Artists Introduction Even as interventionist art has been in existence since the early periods of the avant-garde, incarnations among contemporary artists have demonstrated dynamic results. With particular emphasis on modern incarnations of culture jamming in the work of Krystof Wodickzko and the Adbusters publication, this essay critically examines the work of a series of contemporary interventionists artists, and contextually situates their work within the the historical and neo-avant-garde. The essay also contextualizes the interventionist work within the history of the avant-garde. Context of Interventionist Art Both Krystof Wodiczko and the Adbusters Media Foundation are descendents of the revolutionary...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Less Interventionist Approach in Consumer Policy

Consumer policies are founded on the notion of providing the freedom to consumers in an effort to satisfy their needs and wants. Consumer policies are especially important in countries like the former USSR where consumption was deliberately restricted to favor industrial and military development. There is a probability that in the future, consumer freedoms and interests will be curtailed in favor of environmental conservation and preservation. Conventional consumer policies are aimed at regulating consumer freedom and interests, and they have increasingly attracted criticism over time. This has been due to their expensive nature, paternalistic perception, economic irrationality, and rigidity with respect to the real-world market f...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Human Activities Cause Climate Change

... Climate Change Outline: Introduction: Background on the problem of climate change 3-point thesis statement: Despite some natural causes being responsible for climate change, the effect of industrialization, fingerprinting of anthropogenic atmospheric carbon dioxide and evidence against natural causes of global warming indicate that such natural causes just supplement human activities in causing climate change. Arguments for Human Causes of Climate Change: Industrialization increases greenhouse gases in the atmosphere Fingerprinting technology attributes the increased atmospheric carbon dioxide to human activities Natural causes do not have the capability of causing the current climate change Counterarguments: Human activities do...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

The Notion of Free Will on Understanding of Crime Causation

They, therefore, believe that internal and external factors affect the chances of a person being subject to a crime. The situation at which a person commits a crime also forms the basis of the determinist approach of causes of crimes.
Several theories elaborate on the factors that dispose of different people toward crimes. The classical theory explains that crimes occur when their benefits outdo the costs or consequences of the crime. The theory of Routine Activities suggests that a crime likely occurs if a motivated offender finds an attractive target and no appropriate guardianship in place. Various biological factors also influence the causes of crimes as evident in the discussion.
One of the major assumptions of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

The Difference Between Religiousness and Faith in Flannery O`Connor`s Revelation

... The Difference Between Religiousness and Faith in Flannery O`Connor`s “Revelation” The short story “Revelation” by O`Connorexamines one of the most delicate aspects of faith in God – its deep essence and verity. It seems that for most religions adherence to certain rituals and literal following the Scriptures can be enough for considering oneself a true believer but everything is not as simple as it seems. But even interpretation of the Holy texts requires knowledge and ability to grasp the deep meaning behind metaphors. Religion is just the coverage of faith while what real faith means is the major question for all those who believe in God. The principle character of O`Connor`s “Revelation” Mrs. Turpin seems to be perfect Catholic woman...
7 Pages(1750 words)Book Report/Review

The Cause for Poverty, or Why There Is No Improvement of Its State

... The Cause for Poverty, or Why There Is No Improvement of Its Poverty – this awful word is seemedto occupy our world with the evidence of its great spread in every corner of the universe. The case is that not only everyday news and passing references while conversations keep us conscious of its presence. The thing is that we see poverty, experience it in direct or indirect way or just face its manifestations day by day, being involuntary witnesses of its representation in our streets in the persons of socially deprived people including tramps, beggars, bums and other miserable categories of men. One way or another, being an acute issue of humanity since old times, poverty appears to be one of the most specific and at the same time general...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Galileo's Interventionist Notion of Cause for FREE!

Contact Us