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British Empire and American Revolution - Essay Example

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British colonies were gaining more power by the end of 17th century leading to the origin of colonial government like royal, proprietary and corporate. There was a drastic change in eighteenth century as the corporate and proprietary colonies were transformed in to royal colonies imposing more restrictions on colonies like Sugar Acts of 1733 and 1764 and Iron Act of 1750.There was a steep increase in colonial trade in 1764 with a revenue of 2 million for Great Britain and this helped in managing the cost of governing the colonies which heaped up to 350,000 a year to some extent .War debt scaled up to 130 million and landowners in Britain agitated to pay more tax and there was a clear apathy i…
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British Empire and American Revolution
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Download file to see previous pages Later the Sugar act was reformed and tax was slashed to 3 pence a pound with new customs service .There was huge resistance in paying tax and towards the end of 1766, the tax was reduced to a penny for a barrel. Stamp Act of 1765 was another policy reformation declaring tax on that legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, playing cards, and hand bills. A stamp is affixed to confirm the tax payment. Colonies revolted against Stamp Act and threatened to boycott British goods. The British parliament revoked the stamp act in 1766 due to colonial pressure yet reinstating parliamentary supremacy by passing the declaratory act. There were duties imposed on paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea imported into the colonies leading to colonial boycotts hampering the trade by 50%.
Boston Massacre in 1770 was a reactive outburst of tension developed between British soldiers and the local crowd. The crowd was throwing snowballs at British soldiers and panicky soldiers killed 5 people. Boston Massacre paved way for the emergence of committees for correspondence .These committees gained more momentum by destroying the British colonial assets like ships. Monopoly on tea was granted in 1773 by parliament as a resource plan to rescue the East India Company from financial crisis. This act enabled East India Company to handle both the shipping and the sale of its tea, thereby decreasing the price of tea. This created havoc in colonies and they boycotted tea to express their revolt. Angered by the colonial revolts, Britain government introduced Coercive Acts, in 1774 closing Boston port, transferring the colonial trials to other colonies or Britain and enabling the soldiers to reside in private homes and finally revoking the self government in Massachusetts. Britain aimed at isolation of colonies by introducing Coercive Acts but on the contrary the act united the colonies to a greater extent leading to formation of First Continental congress boycotting English goods. The year 1775 and 1776 witnessed clear outburst of colonies towards British Colonial policies leading to death of nearly 73 Britain Warriors.
Thus the above cited incidences paved for the revolt process with greater degree of resistance and colonies evolved as a battalion to combat against the British colonial policy and they succeeded in their mission after the war of American Independence leading to liberalization of colonies.
Bibliography
Gipson, Lawrence Henry. The British Empire before the American Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1939-1970.
Essay 2
Fundamental change with regard to the colonists, slaves, Native Americans and women after American Revolution.
. The American Revolution brought a series of changes in colonial rule and had a drastic impact not only political but also on all ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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