We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Distributive Justice - Essay Example

Comments (0)
The term "Distributive justice" in the modern society refers to the distribution of property throughout society in such a way that everybody enjoys a certain level of material means. The state or the government is expected to guarantee distributive justice to its people…
Download full paper

Extract of sample
Distributive Justice

Download file to see previous pages... That is, if the level of goods to be distributed is low, distribution by the market may be enough. But if everyone has to be supplied with enough or more of welfare protections, the state may need to interfere. This can be done by redistributing the goods so as to correct market imperfections. On the other hand, if everyone has to have an equal share of all goods, the state will have to be solely responsible for distributing the goods. Then, private property and the market may have no role. It is understood that distributive justice is necessary to justify property rights, and that it may even involve a rejection of private property. Those influential minority of citizens and theorists who believe that protecting property rights is the central job of justice, question whether distributive demands is actually a justice.
The ancient and the modern meanings of the term "Distributive justice" are very different. That is, in the Aristotelian sense, "distributive justice" was related to the distribution of political status, in the sense that deserving people were rewarded in accordance to their merits and their qualities, and everyone got what they deserved. It was not relevant at all to property rights. The ancient principle was related to the distribution of goods on the basis of merit while the modern one demands a distribution regardless and independent of merit. The modern principle believes that everyone deserves some basic goods regardless of their merit and that merit making should begin only after some basic necessities like housing, health care, and education have been distributed to everyone. This modern principle is quite different from what Aristotle meant when he wrote about political status being distributed on the basis of social or moral status. According to the modern principle, everyone deserves these basic necessities on the virtue of being human. And since everybody is equal, it has to be distributed equally among people.

Formally, justice has been understood to be a rational, enforceable, and practicable virtue. That is because it is actually rational, can be enforced and is practical. It is seen as a secular and rational virtue across different cultures and historical periods, unlike virtues like wisdom or charity which is mostly specific to religions and cultures. This is because the demands of justice can be explained and justified without any relation to religious beliefs and should be a virtue that governments should enforce. Justice should be the prime norm guiding political activity and should be one of the practical and readily achievable goals of the state. We can safely say that promoting belief in Christianity or enlightenment through Buddhism cannot be held as a project for justice because their goodness cannot be explained in terms of secularism or rationality. Similarly, friendship and its associated warmth, although a good thing to almost everyone, cannot be considered an object of justice because it is not an enforced virtue, but is dependent on the un-coerced feelings of individuals towards each other or amongst themselves. Thus, virtues related to religion and culture and feelings like friendship cannot be considered a matter of justice. Also, guarantee of freedom from illnesses and diseases cannot be considered a project of justice because, at least so far, it has been an impossible task to attain.

Moving on to its substantial features, it is generally understood that justice is a virtue that protects ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Owing to the stage of cancer and unfortunate diagnosis, Todd Krampitz was given a low ranking on the UNOS wait list. Since Krampitz was a successful businessman, his family and friends were able to launch a nationwide media campaign to find a suitable liver donor (Vogel, 2007).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
'Tort Law gives unjustified preference to corrective justice over distributive justice.' Critically evaluate this statement
The corrective end calls upon the law of torts seeks to seeks to contain wrongful acts though the enhancing the moral conceptions of responsibility and agency for the wrongful acts done , so as to ensure there is reparation for the alleged harm. The distributive end seeks to apportion liability and risks so that rewards and burdens are apportioned to partied based on what they deserve, so that individuals may reap their benefits and faults, and bear burdens proportional to their activities.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Rawls's Theory of Distributive Justice
John Rawls theory of justice as fairness is defended as the best conception of justice in the community. He pioneered the discussion of distributive justice and has been described as an indisputably the most influential political philosopher of the 20th century.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
'Corrective and distributive justice are less at odds, in directing the scope of tort liability, than is commonly believed'. Cri
This judgment will require the defendant to financially compensate the plaintiff. The plaintiff’s legally recognizable costs will have to be settled by the defendant. In some cases, the plaintiff may also be awarded punitive damages and may also obtain an injunction.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Distributive justice, position of John Rawls,Robert Nozick, Milton Friedman, James Donaldson(comparing the relationship of state
The concept takes into account the goods available for distribution, the distribution process and the resultant allocation amongst the members of the society (Lamont 34). Distributive justice, unlike the just process, emphasizes the outcomes of the distributive process.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Theories of Justice (Nozick's theory of distributive justice, compared to Rawls )
The goal of the Justice System is to try to resolve and satisfy all these issues for the members of society. Injustice can result in disappointment, or rebellion. The different spheres articulate the principles of justice and fairness in their own manner resulting in different kinds and concepts of justice.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Compare and Contrast Rawlsian and Dworkinian account of distributive justice
where each member is able to get whatever resources are available to the society without let or hindrance in the sense that some members of the same society would be given preference over them (Carens, 1981). Of course there are subtle variations and a difference of opinion in
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Distributive Justice: Access; Rationing; Futility
Generally if a patient is diagnosed with an organ failure, the concerned hospital then decides whether that organ could be replaced. If it is found to be possible, the hospital then takes the further step of helping the patient for a transplant. The
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Distributive Justice (M4C)
Ethics in the medical profession revolves around the health of the patient, but with the contradiction occasioned by the need to maintain productivity in the sector, it has become
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Discuss distributive justice and procedural justice. Explain how managers can use these concepts
A just organization is able to succeed in recruiting and retaining talented and skilled employees for their organization. Distributive justice in an organization means that
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Distributive Justice for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us