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The Edinburg Depression Scale as a Tool for Depression Screening - Research Proposal Example

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This paper "The Edinburg Depression Scale as a Tool for Depression Screening" tells that depression is one of the most debilitating problems for both the mother and child after. The accurate measurement of levels of depression is therefore important if it is to be detected and treated specially in post-partum units…
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Download file to see previous pages Depression that is left untreated has negative effects on the health of the mother and child. This is why screening takes on greater significance within the typical post-partum unit. The Edinburg Depression Scale (EDS) is one of the most common scales in the world for such screening. Such tools, however, only work in situations where there is a lot of attitudinal investment on the part of the healthcare practitioners. Since screening is an important first step, it is important to investigate the attitudes of nurses towards this screening tool in the post-partum units of Saudi Arabian hospitals. This fits into the larger context of tackling the issue of post-partum depression in a country where admittedly not much research has gone into the subject. Researchers have found that the introduction of any new systems to be used in treatment can be challenging and that the effect of this complexity depends on how well the healthcare teams adapt to this change (Alkadi, 2016). Even when practitioners understand the importance of techniques or tools, poor attitudes still arise, especially when it comes to perceptions of usefulness (Sinha & Shetty, 2015). In Saudi Arabia, considering the fact that there have been very few studies even on the prevalence of post-partum depression, there is an important gap to be filled through research and discourse on matters of depression and attitudes especially of healthcare teams (Al-Modayfer et. al., 2015). This paper will, therefore, look into the attitudes of healthcare teams towards the introduction of EDS into healthcare teams in the post-partum units in Saudi Arabian hospitals. It will do so by answering the following research questions.
Research question 1: What are the attitudes of multidisciplinary teams to the introduction of EDS to postpartum units in the hospitals of Saudi Arabia?
Hypothesis 1: Negative attitudes towards the EDS result in negative health outcomes within the post-partum unit
Hypothesis 2: Attitudes towards the use of EDS in the measurement of post-partum depression in Saudi Arabia are negative
EDS is one of the most common screening techniques across the world. When it was first introduced ad validated, it was for women in the post-natal period. Basically, it is a scale with 10 items that relate to the cognitive-affective symptoms of depression rather than the somatic symptoms, which have been identified as possibly misleading in this context (Cox, et al., 1987). Every item is scored on a 4 point scale from 0-3, with the total possible score of 30. It is a relatively simple test that takes approximately 5 minutes to complete. It has, however over the past few years expanded in scope, with researchers validating it in other clinical populations. It has been used in people with poor physical health, been useful in palliative care and in Parkinson disease (Baillon, et al., 2014). According to surveys, post-partum depression remains one of the most common psychological health problems among women, with an approximate global prevalence rate of between 10 and 15 percent (Alharbi & Abdulghani, 2014). It is because of this that depression screening has emerged as an important part of the care process in postpartum units. The Edinburg Depression Scale, therefore, emerges as an important part of this process. In fact, it has been identified as a valid and useful instrument, one that can potentially be self-completed for people that suffer from depression (Baillon, et al., 2014). Still, even with the perceived usefulness of EDS in various clinical settings, there is still a large possibility of a negative attitude towards it (Al-Modayfer et. al., 2015). This comes from the various barriers towards the proper and continued use of such tools in the screening of depression.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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