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Tuberculosis - Assignment Example

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This assignment 'Tuberculosis' describes the basic principles of tuberculosis's spread. Though tuberculosis was contemplated not a serious health problem, the disease is not yet virtually died out. As the global environment is changing at a fast pace, the paths of disease transmission are also varying and therefore, offering more challenges when international eradication is concerned…
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Download file to see previous pages In commissioning and contracting for this contagious disease, several management issues have to be considered. Technical and financial amenities should be used to prevent the resurgence of this infectious disease. The people who do not want to follow preventive education are the most vulnerable to risk factors. To reduce the enormous global burden and long-term goal of better control of this communicable disease, there is a need for international surveillance.

The pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis is responsible for tuberculosis (TB). The person carrying the dormant tuberculosis germs (latent TB infection) is prone to tuberculosis if they become active and multiply. Then, the infection can be easily transferred to the other person in contact with the individual carrying the disease. This is an airborne disease and people exposed to infected droplet nuclei get easily infected. It spreads through activities like cough, sneeze, laughs, sings,  etc. of the disease-carrying person. It has been estimated that around 33% of the world population is infected with tuberculosis germs. It has been reported that about 9 million people can suffer from tuberculosis disease in a year. The disease is most prevalent in resource-limited countries like Africa followed by 50% new cases in 6 Asian countries (Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and the Philippines) (WHO 2009).

When the tuberculosis infection in the person gets successfully treated, it is referred to as ‘primary tuberculosis’. This cured person still contains noninfectious, but live mycobacterium. This ‘primary inactive tuberculosis’ could follow one of the three paths in the future. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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