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Laboratory Test for Sickle Cell Anaemia - Case Study Example

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The author describes the laboratory test for sickle cell anemia of a boy who has severe symptoms of the disease, which made him be hospitalized. Mostly, the patient suffers the disease from their birth. However, the disease takes time to manifest. It becomes visible at a minimum age of four months.  …
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Laboratory Test for Sickle Cell Anaemia
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Download file to see previous pages To diagnose sickle cell condition, it involved four screening test. That is two hemolytic tests, one observation under a microscope and cellulose acetate electrophoresis. However, there are other sickle cell anemia screening tests unavailable to test sickle cell anemia in the small laboratory at the Metta Health Center. The tests require high cost, a lot of time, and they are by the high temperature and humidity.
On the first day in Cameroon at Metta Village, the nursing staff referred to me a case of a boy aged 4 years. The boy was clearly unwell; he presented fever, headache, fatigue, pain in the arms and legs. On physical examination by a nurse, the boy`s blood pressure was in a normal range and he had no palpable lymph node. However, the higher left-hand abdominal quadrant palpation, auscultation, and percussion signified an enlarged spleen. The nurse noted the boy`s mucus to be pale in color on examination and the sclera portrayed some elements of Icterus. With no other abnormal physical signs observed from the boy, the nurse took a venous blood sample and put it into anticoagulant to assist in carrying out a laboratory investigation of the disease.
Sickle cell anemia affects the bones, lungs, abdomen, joints, limbs, and lungs (Ohene-Frempong 2006). For instance, pain, swelling, and fever occur when sickle cells block limb veins (Center for children with Special Needs 2006). When spleen traps many red blood cells a mechanism meant to trap the abnormal red blood cells, it enlarges (Maakaron, E. J. n.d.). Lastly, life-threatening cases of sickle cell anemia occur when red blood cells are trapped in the lung vein to cause Acute Chest Syndrome, which may damage the vein in the lungs. It is detected through abnormal breathing and normal blood pressure (Ohene-Frempong 2006).     ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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