StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The purpose of the paper is to identify and describe the most typical causes and symptoms of TS, explain how it affects a patient psychologically and describe current treatment methods and medication applied to patients with TS. Speech and language difficulties have also been implicated…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.2% of users find it useful
Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome"

Download file to see previous pages Tourette Syndrome is defined as: “a neurological disorder characterized by multiple motor and vocal tics lasting for more than one year” (Tourette's Syndrome Association 2007). Patients with TS have a higher incidence of tics and other neurological soft signs. “A tic is “a rapid and involuntary movement or vocalization” (Tourette's Syndrome Association 2007). Recent research has focused on linguistic aspects of vocal tics, suggesting that such tics do not occur randomly but are located according to the clausal boundaries or at points of low information within sentences. Other research indicates word finding and speech volume regulation difficulties.

The incidence of TS appears to be unrelated to race or socioeconomic status, although individuals of Jewish or East European heritage may be more commonly affected. People with these origins may have a greater genetic predisposition toward TS, but it seems more likely that referral bias and other cultural factors affect the expression and tolerance of the symptoms. There is no apparent relation of TS to birth weight, birth order, parental age, medical history of individuals or families, or psychiatric history. TS is understood generically to be a complex tic disorder with a lifelong course. A triad of components is necessary to make the diagnosis; the presence of generalized tics and involuntary utterances that may be obscene or suggestive, onset in childhood, and a course that involves a fluctuation of signs throughout the life span but typically is not severely disabling (Heyman and Chowdhury, 2004). The factors that influence the continuity of tic disorders from childhood to adolescence to adulthood are not well understood. Researchers (Waltz, 2001) assume that there is probably an interaction between the maturation of the central nervous system and emotional distress along the maturational course. Environmental factors (e.g., toxins and infections) and genetic factors have been cited as possible etiologic factors in this group of disorders. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome Term Paper, n.d.)
Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome Term Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/medical-science/1541577-tourette-syndrome
(Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome Term Paper)
Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome Term Paper. https://studentshare.org/medical-science/1541577-tourette-syndrome.
“Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome Term Paper”. https://studentshare.org/medical-science/1541577-tourette-syndrome.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome

Hepatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Kinds

...? Hepatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Kinds 25 June Table of contents Basics of Hepatitis 3 The Liver 3 Causes of Hepatitis 5 Kinds of Hepatitis 6 Symptoms of Hepatitis 10 Diagnosis of Hepatitis 10 Treatment of Hepatitis 13 Works Cited 14 Basics of Hepatitis Hepatitis refers to the inflammation of the liver, which happens when the certain viruses infect it. Acute viral hepatitis is a viral infection that has short-term duration. It occurs when people are infected initially by the virus and can range from being mild to severe (Gould 6). Sometimes, acute viral infection can lead to chronic infection (Women’s Health.gov). Chronic viral hepatitis is an infection that lasts longer than acute viral hepatitis, and it can sometimes last for a lifetime...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Schizophrenia - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

.... These symptoms are oscillating and are severe at times and again at places they are quite ignorable. These symptoms come and go in a patient’s behavior subjected to his or her treatment. The common signs of the positive symptom of schizophrenia are delusions, thought disorders, hallucinations and movement disorders (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Negative Symptoms Negative Symptoms of schizophrenia are very hard to locate. They are often misunderstood with the signs of depression. These symptoms generally disrupt the normal emotional or behavioral aspect of a patient in his daily course. The acute syndromes of Negative symptoms are: “Flat Affect” which means a person is hardly moving his face and whenever talking, he or she...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Asperger's Syndrome: Symptoms, Tests, Diagnosis, and Treatment

...., Gillberg, C., & National Autistic Society. (2006). Asperger syndrome: An overview. London: National Autistic Society. Le Blanc, R. (2012). Autism & Asperger's syndrome in layman's terms: Your guide to understanding autism, Asperger's syndrome, PDD-NOS, and other pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) : autism, causes, symptoms, signs, diagnosis, and treatments-- everything you need to know about autism & its effects on life. Maarheeze, Netherlands: Cranendock Coaching....
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Personality Disorders. Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

...? Personality Disorders Symptoms, Causes, Treatment [Pick the Symptoms A very complex array of symptoms is manifested by those who are suffering from personality disorders. Generally they fall under four categories; Cognition – people suffering from personality disorders have the tendency to perceive common situations of their surrounding in a way which is beyond ordinary. Their perception about themselves is that they are different from others. They may consider themselves to be 'better' or 'inferior' to others. The immediate result of this perception is a difference in their behavior which is easily notable by others; but not always accepted. With the passage of time, this perception about self and about their surroundings and others...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Mental Disorder: Tourette Syndrome

... medications commonly prescribed to hyperactive children (e.g., Ritalin, Cylert, Dexedrine, etc.) can sometimes precipitate TS in predisposed children, according to the Food and Drug Administration."(p.4) This condition is neither degenerative nor terminal (Meyers, 1998). Diagnosis of TS To be diagnosed with TS, a person must present with both motor tics and vocal (phonic) tics. The motor and vocal tics do not necessarily occur concurrently. (Chouinard & Ford, 2000; Marneros, 1983). Tourette's syndrome symptoms fall along a continuum from barely noticeable to blatantly noticeable and debilitating. Frequency of tics may range from those who tic only when they are anxious or fatigued to those who might tic as much as 30 to 100 times per...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Causes of usher syndrome

... syndrome. If a child inherits one defective gene, he or she will be a carrier and will not have any symptoms". (Rosenblum, Usher Syndrome) Types of Usher Syndrome Usher's Syndrome has four subtypes, however the fourth one is still under research and a little work is carried out in this respect: Type I: Usher syndrome type I is characterized by severe deafness which results in difficulties with balance due to inner ear problems, and progressive vision loss that begins in childhood. Subtypes: "Researchers have described seven distinct subtypes of Usher syndrome type I, designated as types IA through IG. Each of these subtype is caused by mutations in a different gene; however, the genes responsible for types IA and IE are still...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Childhood Obesity - Symptoms and Causes

The "epidemic" in childhood obesity has been attributed to various factors. The main factors are poor dietary patterns, lack of physical activity and the lack of proper information on how to have good health. It is not surprising to note that dietary patterns have changed significantly over the past few decades. In earlier days malnutrition and undernutrition were commonly heard but now these terms have been replaced by overnutrition (Kendall, et al. 2006). Children are fond of chocolates, ice creams, and soft drinks, adding more calories and fewer nutrients to diets. The explosive proliferation of fast-food restaurants also supports "oversize".
The second most important reason for childhood obesity is the lack of physical acti...
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study

Tourette Syndrome in Contemporary Literature

... Tourette Syndrome in Contemporary Literature Introduction Tourette syndrome (TS) is defined as a “movement disorder” which is manifested in childhood and characterized by a “the presence of motor and phonic tics”.1 TS is also linked to symptoms of obsessive-compulsive behavior, poor attention spans, impulsive tendencies and “motor restlessness”.2 In recent times, a number of fictional works have portrayed characters suffering from a variety of neurological and mental pathologies. In some of these works protagonists are portrayed with Tourette’s syndrome. The narrative typically takes the form of an inspection of the core of humanity via the brain’s functions as opposed to a psychoanalytical approach. This new form of literature...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay

Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

...Malaria Malaria remains as the main cause of deaths to people in developing countries particularly those in Asia and Africa. The life cycle of malaria lies in the prevalence of anopheles mosquitoes that propagate malaria parasites. The cycle begins by the parasite biting and injecting malaria parasites into human blood. The parasites have an incubation period of 5-16 days in which they multiply into thousands of merozoites. Malaria parasites occupy and develop in the liver. After three days, merozoites enter into the main bloodstream leading to complications that are exhibited as malaria symptoms. When a female anopheles mosquito sucks blood from an infected person, it ingests the gametocytes or the malaria parasites. In the body...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Causes of Plagiarism and Strategies to Prevent It in a University Environment

There is another aspect of practicing plagiarism, which has been discussed by Edward M. White. He has seen the problem of plagiarism from a different angle in his “opinion” article in Chronicle of Higher Education, “Student Plagiarism as an Institutional and Social Issue”. He has raised the issue of “Research Assistance” provided by advertisers, “Thousand of papers in stock, available for any course”, pointing to the problem of not only graded students papers going out of the office for resurfacing in future but the immoral practice of taking outside sources help to complete the assignments, which, according to the writer, needs to be fixed. This trend of plagiarism has degraded lear...
12 Pages(3000 words)Report

Various Aspects Related To HIV and the Deadly Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

HIV is defined as the human immunodeficiency virus, as its infection causes a severe depletion in the host immune response. Its earlier names include HTLV (human T-cell leukaemia virus) type III, LAV (lymphadenopathy-associated virus), ARV (AIDS-associated retrovirus)(Pratt, 1995). The infection by this virus leads to a depressed immune state that the person becomes susceptible to infection caused by microorganisms that are otherwise the normal inhabitants of a healthy human body.

According to UNAIDS (2006) report, the total number of people in the world living with HIV infection has escalated to 39.5 million, which includes 2.5 million children. However, it seems that the disease is more severe in developing countries...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: How Alcohol Affects Infants and Children

While we know that alcohol negatively affects the child before birth, the exact biological and chemical process is still being studied (Day, 1992).

Classified as ICD-9 and ICD-10 under the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a manifestation of permanent birth defects that are observed in the children of women who consume alcohol during pregnancy. As reported by Forrest and Florey (1991) as well as Day (1992), the level of consumption or the frequency of alcohol use while a woman is pregnant has an uncertain effect in the amount of damage that can be done to the fetus. Therefore, while the effects before birth are being studied, it becomes an importa...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Peppermint Oil

Though IBS is rarely associated with any mortality, patients with irritable bowel syndrome often have a poorer quality of life due to its chronic, relapsing nature, increased morbidity and higher health care utilization than persons without the disorder. Although the cause of the disorder is not fully understood, manometric studies have shown that disordered bowel motility may be responsible for causing some of the symptoms. Diagnostic Criteria for IBS as described by Thompson et al (1999) is as follows:
conventional therapy, comprising of dietary changes like increasing dietary fiber intake, etc, and drugs such as anticholinergics, antispasmodics, and sedatives are often not significantly effective and may not be tolerated b...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

Normal Anatomy and Causes of Knee Arthritis

A complete loss of articular cartilage is noted resulting in soft, elasticity loss, and fibrillation of the articular cartilage leading to the burned bone that is devoid of cartilage (Schwartz et al. 1942; LeadingMD par. 2). Complete loss of articular cartilage results in narrowing of the joint space, bone spurs, motion loss, pain, and disability (Schwartz, et al. 1942; LeadingMD par. 2). Knee arthritis, that typically influences patients over 50 years old, affects all knee cartilage leading to biomechanical and biochemical changes that impairs cartilage function (LeadingMD par. 6).

Knee arthritis occurs as a consequence of an injury, surgical procedure that includes partial or complete removal of the meniscus cartilage...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Causes of Illegal Drugs Consumption Among Women

...CAUSES OF ILLEGAL DRUGS CONSUMPTION AMONG WOMEN The present research paper aims to find out the situation and circumstances leading the individualstowards illegal drug consumption. The study has been supported by four different researches made on the causes of women indulgence in drug use, which include “Drug Addiction among Females in Lahore” by Mubeen & Sharif (2007), “Perception of Drug Addiction among Turkish University Students” by Cirakoglu & Isin (2005), “Concepts of Chemical Dependency” by Doweiko (2006) and “Biological and Sociological Causes of Perversion” by Zaidi (1999). The study investigates divergent sociological views by making comparison of these researches and concludes that sensational pleasures, domestic turmoil...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Causes and Symptoms of Pathological Gambling

While younger men are prone to be subjected to pathological gambling, women between the ages of 20-40 are the ones who are most vulnerable to the addiction (National Research Council, 1999).

Pathological gambling usually begins from the simple pleasure of gambling; after all, to develop a habit or addiction, the person must first be experienced in what they are doing. If a person is subjected to gamble too often, they can develop a pattern, repetitively returning to gambling. When this person is away from the addictiveness of gambling for a long period of time, they become restless and stressful, so the natural solution for them would be to keep gambling. It becomes a domino effect after this. A game of chance turns int...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

What Causes Americanization

It has done an incredible amount to increase business productivity and trade and make many people richer. One of the founding economic theorists of globalization is David Ricardo who focused on distributing income among landowners and workers. He also had a lot to say about wages and prices. One of his big contributions was the idea of comparative advantage which involves countries with different advantages trading with one another in free markets so that both maximize their benefits. This underpins much contemporary globalization and trade theory.
One of the great accomplishments of the globalization process that began to speed up in the 1990s is the development of a number of second-tier, successful economies in the develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Autism in Children: Symptoms, Characteristics, and Intervention

Studies have been conducted from all over the country and most used cross-sectional methodology and epidemiological investigations of autism have all been concerned with the prevalence estimation of autism (Fombonne: 2003). Autism was first identified and termed as early infantile autism by a psychiatrist at John Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore named Leo Kanner and for at least 30 years, the disorder was referred to as an emotional disturbance. Not until American Psychiatric Association (APA), coined autism as a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction manifested by atypical and repetitive behaviors (Turnbull, et. al. pp-330: 1995).

Autism is under the Perv...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences

...Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences Essay of Introduction Eric Hobsbawm (1991) was not overstating when he proclaimed that “the Industrial Revolution marks the most fundamental transformation of human life in the history of the world recorded in written documents” (p. xi). Understanding the beginnings of modern society requires understanding the causes and consequences of the Industrial Revolution. This essay addresses the following questions: In what ways was the industrial revolution an international event—and why is this significant for understanding its causes and consequences? The Industrial Revolution: A Historical Analysis In contemporary history, Industrial Revolution is the course...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Speech Disfluencies in Individuals with Tourette Syndrome

... April 7, Summary of "Speech disfluencies in individuals with Tourette syndrome" In the article "Speech disfluencies in individuals with Tourette syndrome," De Nil et al. present an analysis of speech disfluencies in a group of people who suffer from Tourettes syndrome to see how their condition affected their speech patterns compared to those without the syndrome. In particular, the authors analyzed self-reported data obtained from a group of children with Tourettes syndrome and without in order to determine whether there were significant differences between groups in terms of developmental stuttering and other kinds of speech problems. The authors concluded that, despite there being no difference in self-reporting, the children...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Causes and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome for FREE!

Contact Us