An author of the following literature review "Reality of Work Cultures in the Modern Economy" intends to examine how the fundamental changes in the structure of the modern organization have impacted the nature and character of the employment process with a focus on small workers…
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Work was not so much as a burden as it was a privilege, and a person established his identity among others and gained social status by the kind and quality of the work he did. He was recognized and remunerated according to the benefit he has This was the case for modern man, across generations that spanned thousands of years. A person without self-defining work had no life’s direction nor a self-fulfilling goal. There had been a time when a man worked for himself, plowing his own land or tending his own cattle. It was not long before workers banded into guilds and cooperatives, then organized themselves into the corporations that created the goods and services needed by people. Workers became employees and occupied positions in an organization whereby they could do meaningful work. Of late, the paradigms have again shifted towards a redefinition of organization and, consequently, a deconstruction of the worker. No longer are organizations channels of human endeavor; on the contrary, organizations have taken over as the controlling entities, and “human resources” have been relegated to expendable cogs in the machinery of big business. The book examines how the individual worker is influenced by the modern corporate environment. In it, Sennett asserts that the organizations have evolved into entities that undergo a continuous change in their pursuit of short-term gains. As a result, these corporations develop no profound and lasting commitment to anything other than quick profits. In such an atmosphere, the worker loses his identity, dignity, and integrity which he should have acquired through meaningful work. The nature of work had changed in the modern corporation, such that “the actions he needs to take and the way he has to live in order to survive in the modern economy have set his emotional, inner life adrift” (Sennet, 1998, p.20).
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