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Participate Management, Employee Motivation and Job Design - Assignment Example

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This essay discusses various forms of participative management in an organization and its implications in detail. The second section discusses various forms of participation. Section 3 discusses the effect of participative management on employee motivation. …
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Participate Management, Employee Motivation and Job Design
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Download file to see previous pages In the task-oriented approach, the leaders only emphasize the need to achieve concretized goals like improving productivity. Their focus is on improving productivity and to organizing the subordinates and activities to achieve these goals without considering the needs and interests of the people. In this approach; the people are simply treated as nits of production or means to an end. The only concern is assigning various tasks to the subordinates or imposing tasks on them to obtain the organizational goals. Many studies, however, have shown that this type of approach without considering the personal ideas, needs and beliefs has negative impacts on the job satisfaction and on job performance (Schriesheim and Murphy, 1976). These studies emphasize the need to focus on the process by which leaders can influence the followers and thereby enable job satisfaction and higher job performance. The process for influencing the followers to perform the tasks is described by different theories in different ways. However, most theories agree on the role of treating followers like people rather than simply units of production. The need for understanding the problems and interests of the followers are emphasized by these theories for enhancing job satisfaction and performance as suggested by these theories. The relation oriented behavioral theories emphasize the need for sharing decision making power with subordinates in enhancing job satisfaction and performance while situational theories suggest the role of situations in such a process. At the same time, contingency theories criticized the over importance given to situations in all leadership processes. Based on the contingency theories, the influential process includes maintaining a good relationship between leaders and the followers, breaking up the tasks into goals, methods, and standards of performance as well as carrying on the power to the leader to get the job done by the organization (Fiedler, 1997).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Participate Management, Employee Motivation and Job Design Assignment. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/management/1741888-question-describe-the-various-ways-in-which-participative-management-might-operate-within-an-organisation-and-how-it-might-affect-employee-motivation-then-analyse-the-reason-why-particpative-managamenet-has-inevitable-implications-for-job-design
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Participate Management, Employee Motivation and Job Design Assignment. https://studentshare.org/management/1741888-question-describe-the-various-ways-in-which-participative-management-might-operate-within-an-organisation-and-how-it-might-affect-employee-motivation-then-analyse-the-reason-why-particpative-managamenet-has-inevitable-implications-for-job-design.
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