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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs entails five levels. The first level entails the satisfaction of biological and psychological needs like water, air, food, shelter, warmth, and sleep. The second level is the safety needs and these needs include order and law, stability and freedom from fear (McLeod, 2014). The third level entails the sense of love and belonging needs like intimate relationships, friendship, and affection from family, peers, and workmates. The fourth level entails esteem needs that include prestige, dominance, self-respect, and respect from others. The final level of needs is self-actualization needs that include realizing one’s personal potential and personal growth.
Later, the five stage model was expanded to include cognitive needs like knowledge and meaning, aesthetic needs like appreciation for beauty and finally transcendence needs which involves helping others to achieve their self-actualization. In each level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, their character of being ‘wanting beings’ motivates people. When one need is satisfied, it stops becoming a motivator and another need emerges (NetMBA Business Knowledge Center, 2010). If the things that satisfy the lower needs are gone, people do not care about achieving the higher needs. Indeed, the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs asserts that we must follow a defined order to satisfy our needs.
To move a person to a higher level of the hierarchy within the work group, employers and organizations must help people to identify, pursue and reach their own personal potential (McLeod, 2014). Successful organizations are those that understand and encourage their employees towards self-actualization to help them achieve their personal growth. For instance, an employee in sales and marketing department can only achieve the sales targets if a conducive working environment is provided which includes friendship from the
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People have diverse needs which are manifested in many forms. Abraham H. Maslow has placed human needs in a hierarchy of relative prepotency as revealed in the Deeper Mind website (Deeper Mind). He identified five specific and distinct needs classified as: physiological needs (food, sleep, stimulation, activity); safety and security needs (protection from harm); love and belongingness needs (love, friendship, comradeship); esteem needs (self-respect, personal worth and autonomy); and self-actualization needs (achieving full potential) (Deeper Mind 1).
His main point of argument is based on the fact that people are always fond of acting in many in order to provide to a deprived needs. Once the need has been satisfied then the motivational behavior automatically dies. The second principle is the principle of progression and in this principle Maslow tends to say that most of the needs are always found in a given hierarchy (Woolridge, 1995).
The main idea of the theory is that employees have priorities of needs that they seek to fulfill in order to attain their full potential. The employee must fulfill the lower level needs that have a high priority in order to move to the higher level needs.
Once the biological need is fulfilled, the person will want to have safe environment and so on. Once one of the needs is fulfilled, its importance decreases and the desire for another need is activated. The other needs mentioned in the data are not directly related to the Maslow's hierarchy of needs but we can associate them within that hierarchy for example the transcendence need can be put into the self actualization need of the Maslow's hierarchy.
The author of this essay makes a deep description of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and the relevance of his approach in regard of modern society. The author assumes that human strive for an upper level of capabilities and considers that we satisfy our needs in certain order according to asset of hierarchy.
This theory by Maslow was given in 1943 and was known as the ‘hierarchy of -needs’. It gave a general overview about the needs and wants of the individuals living in the world and how these needs and wants change through
e a successful school outreach program, one must take into consideration that students, like any other human being follows Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. No child can benefit from schooling experience if his basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter are not met. Survival
Health, property and employment fall under the security needs (Orthmann & Karen 298). Sexual intimacy, friendship and family fall under belongingness and love. Confidence, self-esteem and respect by others fall under esteem (Orthmann & Karen 8).
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