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McClellands Learned Needs Theory - Assignment Example

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Need theory was proposed by David McClelland, which is a motivational model attempting in the explanation of how need for power, need for achievement and affiliation changes the action of people based on the managerial context. McClelland outlines that the mankind have three…
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McClellands Learned Needs Theory
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Motivational Theory affiliation Motivational Theory Need theory was proposed by David McClelland, which is a motivational model attempting in the explanation of how need for power, need for achievement and affiliation changes the action of people based on the managerial context. McClelland outlines that the mankind have three types of motivation not taking into account sex, age, race and culture. An individual’s motivation is grounded upon the opinions of the learning and life experiences. The individuals who have the need to achieve prefer to comprehend the situation or a task. They prefer to work on tasks of moderate difficulty and the work where the results depends on their effort and not anything else. The individuals, who are achievement based, avoid both high and low risks and avoid norms for the fear of rejection at their workplace (Daft & Lane, 2008).
Besides the need for the achievement, other people have a need for affiliation. This kind of people prefers to create and maintain social relationships and enjoys being a part of a particular group. They adhere to the norms in that culture, and they do not change them for the fear of rejection in their workplace. In addition, they prefer collaboration to competition and dislike high uncertainties and risks situations. This group of people works best in social areas like client interaction services and customer service. The other group of people has a need for power. In this class of person, they work to their best when they are in charge. They do well in competition hence doing well in goal orient (Daft & Lane, 2008).
Employees are the most valuable resources in a company and therefore motivation is essential. Every bright idea, act of selfishness’ for the betterment of the organization, plan on money saving should be rewarded through online point system. An employee motivation increases their morale and reduces the turnover rates. To enhance employees’ motivation the management should break the monotonous of duty to reduce boredom and assign employees to challenging jobs. Secondly, in applying Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, managers do have a responsibility they meet the deficiency needs of the workers. Proper working environment should be created to develop full potential. In addition, the theory of needs requires workers to be assured of job security that lumps employees performance.
Management should implement some strategies for the welfare of the employees, which includes psychological and physical needs.
Question: Explain the various ways a manager can use to motivate the staff in an organization.
References
Daft, R. L., & Lane, P. G. (2008). The leadership experience. Mason, OH: Thomson/South- Western. Read More
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