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Course Project - Research Paper Example

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Summary
Several factors have been studied and known to affect performance of employees. This therefore requires organizations to always re-evaluate the performance of…
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Performance Appraisal: Address: Email Address: Telephone number: number and Literature review Maslow argues that Performance of employees in an organization determines whether an organization makes profit or not. Several factors have been studied and known to affect performance of employees. This therefore requires organizations to always re-evaluate the performance of its employees regularly (3).
Many organizations carry out performance appraisals on yearly basis. According to Buono, such appraisals are needed to help evaluate the output of the employees (5).However, Lewis & Harold argues that performance study on employees does not necessarily lead to increased profits in an organization (90). This is extremely in contrast with the view of Bueno that companies and organizations that do not carry out an evaluation of the performance of its employees cannot compete well with their rivals (7).
This view is further supported by Maslow which describes performance appraisal as the estimation and evaluation of performance of workers during a specific period with the goal of determining their suitability and increasing revenue and profit (24). Evaluation based on results can be done in response to a performance crisis or to find the direction that the skills and knowledge of specific employees have to be developed to increase performance .This will end up helping a company move from a loss making trajectory to a profit making one (Buono 30).
The techniques that are used to carry out performance appraisal can be widely grouped into three categories namely the absolute, comparative and the result oriented technique The comparative technique is done to compare performance of employees who work in a group. The result oriented is based on the achievement of a specific goal. Absolute performance evaluation, according to Maslow, is done to evaluate employee performance with respect to a set standard performance (40). The choice of the technique used hugely depends on the nature of the organization and the reason for carrying out the performance appraisal.
Analysis
An analysis of the study of ABC Company reveals that the performance of employees and their work patterns is influenced by four major factors. The first factor is attitude and skills. Employees who have the right skills and knowledge perform their duties as required as compared to the lowly skilled ones. The study reveals that those employees with positive attitude tend to enjoy their work. This directly translates to better performance .The workers with negative attitude do not feel empowered and appreciated and therefore their performance is below average.
The second factor is the management structure. Some employees feel that the management of the organization is not approachable. Those who feel that they have no connection with the company and its management do not have a reason to put more effort in their duties leading to poor performance. The third factor is health concerns. From the evaluation, fatigues has hugely contributed to the below par performance of the employees. It does not only lead to absenteeism but also in physical and mental health concerns. The final factor is equipment. The employees with the right working equipment and tools tend to perform better than those without proper tools
Solutions
Poor performance has resulted in the organization making losses. In order to change this, it is important to tackle the poor performance root causes. There is the need to train the employees to improve and develop their skills. Secondly the organization structure need to been organized in a way that create connection with the employees. Finally, there is the need to tackle occupational health and safety issues like fatigue. All these will result in improved performance.
Reflection
This study helps in knowing the relationship between employees, management and the performance of an organization. It helps one appreciate the importance of this relationship and how it influences the overall performance of an organization. Moreover, it helps one know how to tackle the root causes of a problem in an organization.
Works Cited
Buono, Fredrick. Managing Human Resources, Productivity, Quality of Work Life, Profits
Personnel. New York: Springer Verlaag.2004.Print
Lewis, Mathis & Harold, Jackson. Human Resource Management. Washington DC: South-
Western College Pub, 2004. Print
Maslow, Antony. The Maslow Business Reader. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000. Print Read More
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