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Methods of Effective Management: Comparing Bulgaria to Japan - Coursework Example

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The author states that it is necessary to understand the cultural idiosyncrasies in Japan that differ from Bulgaria. This paper compares the culture in Bulgaria and Japan in an effort to align strategy with cultural awareness to ensure that this cultural transition meets with anticipated success…
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Methods of Effective Management: Comparing Bulgaria to Japan
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Download file to see previous pages In terms of power distance, a measure of whether or not less powerful members of society are willing to tolerate the unequal distribution of power (Leng and Botelho 2010; Kelley 2009), Bulgaria scores very high on this measurement factor. This means that Bulgarian society accepts hierarchical command structures in which there are clearly defined roles of authority between subordinates and management team members (Hofstede Centre 2013). In the workplace, Bulgarian workers will function well under autocratic or bureaucratic control structures where there is little opportunity for autonomy and shared decision-making.

In Japan, however, there are marked differences regarding the level of unequal power that will be tolerated by workers. Japan scores only moderately on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions framework, meaning that there are going to be expectations for shared decision-making whilst there is also evidence that Japanese workers can function under some bureaucratic systems of management. “Japanese workers are conscious of hierarchy and will always act accordingly in these structures” (Hofstede Centre 2013, p.1). This means that there might be opportunities to establish appropriate power boundaries, such as through control system methodologies, so long as there are opportunities for some team development and shared decision-making authority that is disseminated from the bottom-up in the organizational structure.

Japan is also unique in relation to individualism versus collectivism, the measure by which group values are considered to be paramount or whether there are expectations for recognition for job accomplishment as an individual. Japan again scores moderately on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions framework related to this phenomenon of culture. In-group status in Japan is considered to be situational, rather than being bound by paternalistic structures in which group membership is a dominant social need. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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