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Operation management - Assignment Example

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The most important activities in supply chain is the managing part of the supply chain where we normally have the product getting manufactured as well…
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Operation management
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Operations Management Supply Chain involves a set of activities that are involved in moving a product from the suppliers all the way to the consumer. The most important activities in supply chain is the managing part of the supply chain where we normally have the product getting manufactured as well as being delivered to the consumer. This set of activity is normally recurrent and highly sophisticated and therefore most organizations normally have their unique supply chains. ‘A Bloody Story’ informs us of the supply chain that is embraced by the New Zealand Blood Services and how the organization has been able to create efficiency in its supply chain. The New Zealand Blood Services has first established a data where they have the locations of all the blood donors and therefore whenever blood is needed, the donors are contacted immediately. The donors list is also regularly updated and this means that they only have the blood donors who are allowed to donate blood. After the process of identification and donation, comes the most critical part which is donation of blood. Blood donation is critical and the goods involved which is blood is normally a precious and urgent commodity hence they source for the most available and fastest means that will allow the blood recipient get their blood. Due care is also needed here such as ensuring that the blood is placed at room temperatures. The blood is then processed and split into the platelets, the red blood cells and the white blood cells which boost efficiency. After this the product is then distributed to all the areas that may need the blood and later it is kept for storage. Inventory of the blood is also taken. Whenever blood is needed, there is normally real time communication between the delivery team as well as those who need it which ensures delivery.
The Fast Food business in India is also another example of supply chain that despite not being well organized, has managed to ensure that there is always delivery of the products to the consumer. The system ensures in time product delivery as well as strict measures to ensure that the consumers get what they wanted. The food is normally prepared and put into tins and then delivery men are set to work to ensure that the food reaches the consumers in time. In addition, the food is well labeled to ensure that the food reaches the customer is the right one. Various means of delivery are used ranging from use of rickshaw, trains, and bicycles to the use of bodies to carry the food to the end consumer.
In both cases there are various things that can be done to improve efficiency. For the blood delivery, the Hospital may acquire their own facilities which they could use to deliver the blood whenever needed. For the Fast Food, they need to organize their supply chain, acquire better delivery tools which will go on to ensure that the consumer is happy. These may include use of trucks when the users pool together resources or motor bikes which are not only efficient but can also be used on the busy Mumbai streets.

10 Initial orders = 48
0.20- error margin
Finding the average of the last three orders, 45+55+58=148/3= 49.
Multiply by the margin error 49X0.2=9.8.
Add it 49+9.8= 58.8
The Forecast will therefore be 59
Product Structure
Representation of the parts of a product and how they fit together to form one unit that works.
FaFAFF
1
4

2 5

3 3
The numbers stand for the various parts of the Fan.
1. The Fan
2. Housing Assembly
3. Two Grills
4. Electric
Component
Lead Time
On-Hand Inventory
Lot Size
Scheduled Report
20” Fan
1
100
100
100 in 3 weeks
Housing
1
100
100
100 in 2 weeks
Frame
2
25
50
25 in 1 week
Supports (2)
1
100
100
100 in 2 weeks
Handles
1
400
500
100 in 1 week
Grills (2)
2
200
500
300 in 3 weeks
Fan Assembly
3
150
450
300 in 2 weeks
Hub
1
100
100
All ready
Blades (5)
2
50
100
50 in 2 days
Electrical Unit
1
50
50
All Ready
Motor
1
100
100
100 in 1 day
Switch
1
20
12
8 in 1 day
Knob
1
25
25
200 knobs in 2 weeks
References
Andreas Wieland, Carl Marcus Wallenburg (2011): Supply-Chain-Management in stürmischen Zeiten. Berlin
Anna Nagurney: Supply Chain Network Economics: Dynamics of Prices, Flows, and Profits, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006 Read More
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