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The society, therefore, does not have to depend on people within the region, place of work or at church for the provision of ideas and opinions regarding the improvement of the society. The impact of social media such as Facebook, twitter and Youtube included shaping the debate by encouraging opinions from different people, and enables news anchors to illustrate the protestors’ situation and this facilitated the uprisings.
During the revolution of the social media and political action that took place during the uprisings of the Arab spring in North Africa and the Middle East, Twitter and other social media became the megaphone for the dissemination of information as well as the excitement concerning the revolutions to the outside world. According to the statistics availed by a previous study, over 75 per cent of the individuals who clicked on embedded twitter links as pertains to the revolution emanated from without the Arab world (Moon 2012, p.28). Following an analysis of over three million tweets, thousands of blog posts and gigabytes of YouTube content, it was quite evident that the Arab spring was being propelled by social media. According to this study, social media did carry a cataract of messages concerning democracy and freedom across both Middle East and North Africa. Moreover, the social media bore sizeable expectations for the victory of the political revolution (Choudhary et al 2012, p.75).
For those individuals who had a common interest in democracy, they did build expansive social linkages as well as organized political action. In all these, social media became a precarious part of the greater independence toolkit. For instance, in the week prior the resignation of Hosni Mubarak (Egyptian president), the total tweet rates a concerns to political change in the country swell by ten-fold. On the other hand, both political commentary and videos featuring protest went viral, with the first twenty three receiving
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Prior to the uprising in Tunisia and Egypt, majority of the citizens experienced decline in real wages, high inflation, and increasing levels of unemployment. The situation was worse among the youth, especially graduates, who experienced high levels of unemployment
The theories of human communication that have dictated the various means by which humans communicated since times immemorial, have now given way to newer, more unconventional theories. Fresh theories are now emerging, covering newer perspectives of communication through modern electronic media.
Until the Internet was introduced into the society and common people learnt how to operate it, people had little choice but to rely upon what they were fed by the television news channels and radios. The Internet has brought a revolutionary change in the world in many ways in general and as a source of information in particular.
These protests have been interpreted as the cumulative cries of people who have felt oppression from the rule of dictators in the region. Countries which have been part of this Arab Spring include Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, and Syria, including Iran, Jordan, Sudan, and minor incidents in Oman and Saudi Arabia where minor protests and civil skirmishes have been seen.
But in recent times, general people are using social media as a tool to voice their protests and claim their rights. This paper inspects the effect of increasing use of social media on political functioning of Arabian nations, with special reference to Arab Spring.
Moreover, social media provides users with different range of facilities as simple as private chat to multi-video conference to the exchange of standard e-mail messages, to the participation in discussion groups. Targeting social media is a top priority for many
Although, I did not and have not participated in any of the uprisings witnessed in the Middle East, the Bahraini uprising has been involving owing to the friends and relatives who live in the country. Remarkably, I have maintained a continuous communication with them