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HR - Essay Example

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Values represent basic convictions that a person holds, and they cause some specific attitudes of behaviour to be personally or socially preferable to other modes of conduct for that person or group of people. Values are very important to organisation behaviour, because an…
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Download file to see previous pages Values are a core element of culture (Hofstede, 2001, p. 10).
Values can be personal, social political, religious and professional, as well as scientific and characteristic of a particular academic discipline(Becher & Trowler, 2001; Van Hout, 1996, Smart et al., 2000). According to Kleijnen et. al 2009, there are four models of organisational values: HR, OS, RG and IP. These four organisational values are moderately experienced in practice. The mean scores of the current values are closely clustered near the neutral level. There are, however, clear differences as to the desirability of the four values. Organisational values not only vary per department but also per discipline. However, in the current study it was not possible to investigate reliably the differences between disciplines or sectors because of the low numbers of departments for some of the disciplines
According to Robbins (2011), there are two separate sets of values. One set is called terminal values and this includes a comfortable life, an exciting life, wisdom and pleasure. This set refers to desirable end-states. These are the goals a person would like to achieve during his or her lifetime. The other set, which is called instrumental values, refers to preferable modes of behaviour while achieving the terminal values. It includes ambitious, broad-minded, cheerful, clean, helpful and polite. Values strongly influence a person’s attitude, behaviour and perception. It is important to consider also the value ranking of executives and union members and their activities. An executive needs terminal values, for example self-respect, family security, freedom, a sense of accomplishment and happiness. In the instrumental set an executive needs honesty, responsibility, capability, ambition and independence. Union members have as terminal needs family security, freedom, happiness, self-respect and mature love. The last is important because it is a prerequisite for need equality, a world ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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