Scientific management Introduction Fredrick Taylor is associated well with this concept. Scientific management system required that factory management should take a more active approach rather than partial supervision. Only the engineers and salaried supervisors could take great control over entire factory’s production…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
Taylor termed this as work soldering. An act of go slow within the industry amongst the employees (Montana 2008:210). The challenge to changing this was ‘complete revolution in the mental attitude and habits of all those involved in management, as well of the worksmen’ (p.4).Therefore, with this realization, the concept of scientific management came to birth. He continuously controlled workers engagement using a stopwatch. As this not enough, management shifted into one central planning department with only engineers having the license to execute such duties. Production of instructional cards from this department, reports meant that the whole picture on the flow of the work within the industry came clean. It ultimately turned to what Taylor craved for-a official practice and schedule in the industry. This resulted into scientific management in the industrial sector in the 19th Century. The approach proved ineffective. By the end of 19th century, people craved for alternative. Mechanical revolution industrial machines rendered this approach too rigid in modern times. The world has changed and morals approaches take center stage in today’s management away from Taylor’s rigid approach. ...
The approach by Clegg seems to satirize Taylor’s limited perception of 19th century workers, whom he had reduced into mini-machines. For one to maximize on his workers, Clegg proposes an all-inclusive running of a factory or any organization (Clegg 2008: 230). This openness clears doubt from employees and a sense of togetherness instilled. It creates bonding between the authority and the working staff dealing with emerging issues easily within any given firm. As for workers, they input their labor in relation to the level of motivation within the firm. The theory and practice in management should always revolve around the worker. In page 358, Clegg argues that, “Knowledge management practitioners like to think of themselves…”. Today’s corporate world has even allowed workers access to departmental zones not to mention the respect of labor laws. Taylor’s restrictive approach only serves to limit down the work rate of employees. Clegg advocates for reasoning when an output in a firm is below the expected. The management should incorporate everyone to raise an issue and this comes as the only way to pushing any organization to its production zenith. He calls for a different treat of workers’ from away from equating them to machines as Taylor did. Today’s world of management has brought aesthetics in the work place. This comes when firm owners understand the taste of their institutions. This explains how important it is to work within the context of the organization. Aesthetic knowledge gives boost in an organizational practice, as it becomes the integral part of people do. It is the flexibility of an organization to create a space and open up to allow questioning of what exist. For example, when a human resource manager comes up with refresher programs
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Scientific Management was the product of 19th Century industrial Essay - 5”, n.d.)
Scientific Management was the product of 19th Century industrial Essay - 5. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/management/1463297-scientific-management-was-the-product-of
(Scientific Management Was the Product of 19th Century Industrial Essay - 5)
Scientific Management Was the Product of 19th Century Industrial Essay - 5. https://studentshare.org/management/1463297-scientific-management-was-the-product-of.
“Scientific Management Was the Product of 19th Century Industrial Essay - 5”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/management/1463297-scientific-management-was-the-product-of.
Management has been regarded as one of the most important, critical and challenging part of the human activities. The management skills, strategies and capabilities became even more critically important when it comes to the social and business organizations where specific aims, objectives and goals have to be achieved.
Electricity, petroleum and steel were the most wonderful discoveries of the first half while the growth and expansion of the steam ships and railways occurred in the second half. The industrial revolution shaped the 19th century as an interface between the modern world and the ancient world for the Europe in terms of the gender roles in the society and for the US in terms of technological advancement.
Organizations and diverse groups of businesses have changed their work flow structure into newer modern arrangements. Initially, scientific management had been employed to organize, lead, control, plan and coordinate people and activities in industries more significantly in the 19th century, than in the 20th century.
1). However, because work is also an activity that entails the interaction and involvement with other people, this does not make it an individualised endeavour but rather a group-oriented action that brings the benefits to many (Pitsis, Clegg, and Kornberger, 2011, p.
The conclusion from this study states that scientific management focuses on labor specialization and hiring of many organizational managers. This management system is not applicable to the 21st-century organizations because it does not encourage diversity and training of employees. The modern organization's value diversity and training because they increase the business profitability.
Taylor and his followers. Even though Taylor informally used the term to show his contributions to firm management, his friends intentionally chose the word “scientific” to endorse their argument that the methods used by Taylor were an option to railroad price increases where they were organizing for the Interstate Commerce Commission.
This theory was one of the first attempts to bring together scientific methods and the management processes in industries. It was proposed at a time when scientific methods were thought to be the best way of doing almost anything. Therefore, it is not a surprise that this theory could also be proposed for the management process in industries.
Taylor developed the principles of scientific management during the scientific revolution over a hundred years ago. His principles on the best way to do a task and worker selection are some of his ideas that have continued to elicit varied reactions in management sector. There are those who think that Taylor’s ideas placed greater emphasis on the organization.
The notable developments in the economic and social sector during the last quarter of the 19th century were the invention of the telephone by Graham Bell in 1876 revolution and the 1885 invention of the machine gun by Harim Maxim. Later the same century in 1888, Nikola Tesla invented transformer and the AC motor.
Among the great tycoons attributed to the success are the John D. Rockfeller and Andrew Carnegie (Josephson, 2010). However, the way they rose to success and made their great wealth is very questionable hence painting them as “Robber Baron”.
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Scientific Management was the product of 19th Century industrial practices and has no relevance to the present day. Discuss"
with a personal 20% discount.