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On Management - Essay Example

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Management Every good story requires its villains, heroes and heroines. The study of management is no different and a perusal of organisational Textbooks, more often than not, depicts F. W. Taylor’s Scientific Management theory as the villain of the story and the Human Relations Movement as the hero or heroine…
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Essay on Management
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"On Management"

Download file to see previous pages Response Scientific management concept gave birth to the field of management about a century ago with pioneering work performed by Fredrick W Taylor during 1900s. Concept of management has, ever since, evolved and developed into a completely new framework that is based on quite contrasting factors described in scientific management, referred to as the human relations movement, after pioneering work of Elton May and colleagues through the Hawthorne experiments. While scientific management levied greater emphasis on the employer and the business, contemporary management levies higher significance on employees. However, both management concepts are focused towards improving and growing business and reducing costs and wastage. Management specialists regard scientific management or Taylorism as the villain and the Human Relations Movement as the hero of present times. This discourse evaluates this comparison in lieu of current organisational challenges. In the process, it also evaluates various situations that continue to apply scientific management concepts and how these concepts continue to save organisations. At the same time, application concepts from human relations movement are also analysed. Scientific management was indeed first science applied to management in order to help the employer reap maximum benefits from his/her employers’ efforts. ...
Taylor strongly believed that not all members in a group can be equally efficient or productive. In order to minimize inefficiency, he proposed principles of management based on scientific study conducted in manufacturing industry. Taylor believed that the principal object of management should be to secure maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for the employee (qtd. In Schermerhorn, 2010). Scientific management or Taylorism is based on three core principles derived from three myths as considered by Taylor (2008). Firstly, it is a myth that increased output or productivity would make some workers redundant and would be made jobless. Taylor’s ideology is that excess production would lower production costs as well as costs of the product, which will increase sales and hence demand for the product. So, workers will have sufficient work to do. Secondly, employees were of the belief that excess output would earn no extra income or any favour from their employer; this notion made the smart employers also waste their time by soldiering. Taylor’s observations resulted in the conclusion that different employees tend perform a particular task in many different ways. His time studies of these different types resulted in opting for the best method, which would increase overall efficiency of the workers. If workers were given incentives or premium of some kind, it would automatically increase their efficiency. Thirdly, the thumb-of-rule method which was already known to many was considered of no use as it would require much time to train the employees on these methods. Taylor challenged this method by introducing precise ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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