Nobody downloaded yet

Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The basic motive of this paper is to compare the attitudes of the Scientific School of Management Thought (Taylor et al) with those of the Human Relations Movement (Mayo et al) with regard to people at work…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles"

Download file to see previous pages This approach has focused on the study of the workers’ behavior towards work and, hence, have introduced several practices, including the determination of the most effective way to coordinate tasks, careful selection of employees for different positions, proper training and development of the workforce, and the introduction of economic incentives in order to motivate employees. Taylor’s scientific management theory is widely used today and underlies many management techniques from work-study to standard costing.  This approach has focused on the study of the workers’ behavior towards work and, hence, have introduced several practices, including the determination of the most effective way to coordinate tasks, careful selection of employees for different positions, proper training and development of the workforce, and the introduction of economic incentives in order to motivate employees. Taylor’s scientific management theory is widely used today and underlies many management techniques from work-study to standard costing. 

In scientific management theory, Taylor believed that management’s objective should be to secure the maximum prosperity for both employers and employees in both the short and long term. He was able to arrive at this principle by studying the causes of hostility and inefficiency in the workplace. In his investigation, Taylor believed that left to their own devices, workers toiled inefficiently, basing their work practices on custom and habit rather than on scientific principles. In addition, he attributed hostility to the belief among workers that increases in output would naturally result in unemployment and that the traditional practice created inefficient methods of work and that workers restricted their outputs in order to protect their interests. (Cascarion and Esch, p. 106) Taylor called this as workers’ engagement in “soldiering.” 
He outlined two types of soldiers:
• Natural soldiering was more or less the natural tendency among workers to work at an easy, comfortable pace. This is supposedly a naturally spontaneous and benign form of soldiers.
• Systematic soldiering, on the other hand, is the concerted restriction of output and the more problematic of the two. This attitude was rooted in management’s failure to develop appropriate authority and legitimation for standard work. (Collins 1998, p. 11) Taylor addressed this challenge by studying each job in order to discover the best way of doing it. He was able to identify the best means of control. He developed four approaches to management designed to be able to recruit and maintain workers – whose needs and attitudes towards work are met:
 • The development of a science of work intended to determine what constitutes a fair day’s work for a first classman/woman for which he/she would receive a high rate of pay.
• The selection, training, and development of the worker to ensure that he/she was enabled to do the highest, most interesting and most profitable class of work of which he/she was capable.
• The bringing together of the science of work and the scientifically selected and trained person to cause the mental revolution in management that Taylor wanted.• The close cooperation of management and workers to show that management decisions are not arbitrary, and thereby reduce the likelihood of conflict. (Cascarion and Esch 2006, p. 107) 
Through the previous principles Taylor was able to design a set of standards in regard to control and workers’ wages in terms of scientifically determined standards. In this regard, one sees Taylor’s scientific management approach as one that sees workers mechanistically. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles Assignment, n.d.)
Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles Assignment. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/management/1558882-compare-and-contrast-the-attitudes-of-the-scientific-school-of-management-thought-taylor-et-al-with-those-of-the-human-relations-movement-mayo-et-al-with-regard-to-people-at-work
(Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles Assignment)
Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles Assignment. https://studentshare.org/management/1558882-compare-and-contrast-the-attitudes-of-the-scientific-school-of-management-thought-taylor-et-al-with-those-of-the-human-relations-movement-mayo-et-al-with-regard-to-people-at-work.
“Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles Assignment”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/management/1558882-compare-and-contrast-the-attitudes-of-the-scientific-school-of-management-thought-taylor-et-al-with-those-of-the-human-relations-movement-mayo-et-al-with-regard-to-people-at-work.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles

Comparison of Two Organisation

...or her leadership style and whether or not that leadership style is the best fit in the given situation. Situational Leadership Theory, originally developed as “Life Cycle Theory of Leadership” developed by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard in the early 1980s, captures a similar notion. The theory starts from the idea that there are two major leadership styles. First is the task style, where the leader defines the role of each member of the group and then lays down the basic principles and dictates in terms of how to perform those tasks (Yanow, 2011, pp. 291-292). Second is the relationship style, where the leader develops close interpersonal relationships with all the members and provides greater...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Comparison of Two Musicians

...Comparison of Two Musicians The music industry is a very important industry in society. This is because music appeals to many individuals through different means such as consoling of the heart when a person is going through trying times also there is the use of music to spread various pressing issues in society. However, the widespread use of music in society is to ensure that people get the entertainment that they deserve in order to ease the various pressures that life may bring upon them. These reasons are the main points that led to my chosen topic of musicians and the various aspects involved in their lives. I am going to support the paper with various arguments from online-published interviews and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Comparison between two advert

...=BOM1k4oLGJU Nike presents a commercial of Good vs. Evil which creates an illusion that skills are better than shear strength. Shot through the eyes of the soccer legends like French’s Zinedine Zidane and Eric Cantona, Brazil’s Ronaldo among others, who represents Nike and others evil men representing evil. With skills, the soccer stars manage to outdo the seemingly strong evil men in the soccer pitch. The two companies have differentiated themselves in terms of brand value and attributes of their products. However, both Nike and Adidas use some complex multimodal choices in attempts to appeal to their brand identity. In order to understand the complex nature of the ads, it is important to look at the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Comparison Of Two Companies

...Comparison of Two Companies Mercedes is the leading German automobile manufacturer with its products currently accessing the global market. The company manufactures an assortment of cars ranging from small family vans, luxury cars and heavy trucks. Among the company’s leading brands are its Mercedes A, E and S classes all of which are prestigious and luxury cars used worldwide by dignitaries and leading business people. The company also manufactures Actros and Antos both of which are heavy commercial trucks. The company has developed since its inception in 1926 to become one of the leading global manufacturer of automobiles. Currently, the company puts up a spirited competition against other leading...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Comparison of two movies

...Analysis The common theme addressed in both the clips is crimes of passion and the violent human emotion underlying such dark violence. The depths of human bestiality are explored in both clips, through the use of color and external symbols, aided by the acting styles of its players. Alsemero in “The Changeling” and Jason in “Medes” are the characters tormented by their loved ones’ slide into criminal acts. The underlying male uncertainty and need to possess and control a woman are represented through Alsemero’s symbolic gesture, banishing his lover Beatrice into the cupboard to cloister her. As opposed to this, Medea throwing upon the palace doors dramatically is a symbolic representation of the woman breaking out of captivity... The common...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Comparison between two methods

...Comparison between two methods SSADM AND MERISE TECHNIQUES by Introduction This report presents the SSADMtechniques through NIMSAD analysis and finds out the main qualities of this system molding technique. The second main part of this report is regarding the MERISE technique for the better system modeling and design. This research is basically aims to discuss these two methods regarding the enhanced system development and modeling. SSADM comprises a series of design regulations and procedures that upholds software precision and cleanness, by this means minimizing the time and endeavor essential for coding, debugging and continuation. The most important rule of SSADM is that a system...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Comparison of two poems

...Comparing Two Poems task: According to Spike (2003, p.15)  “Un to us”, the first stance gives us the picture of the love that exists between the mother and father of the yet to be conceived baby. However the parents are not faithful to the unborn child. This is because the moment that they discover the existence of the child they take it as a mistake. One or both of them thinks that it is better if the baby was not there. Considering the poem of Alice Walker, it is clear that from her word in the poem ‘I miss my father’ there is a strong and faithful love that exists between the father and child. As a result the child misses the father even after he is dead. The child remembers her father at the time when she is thirty...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Comparison between Two Sisters

... “Comparison between Two Sisters” Margaret Mead once said “Sisters is probably the most competitive relationship in the family, but once the sisters are grown, it becomes the strongest relationship.” When I read this quotation for the first time I got a strange feeling because I was only a child then and my parents always used to tell me to love my siblings and to take care of them so I could never relate to the “competitive relationship” aspect. This quotation however, started making a lot more sense when a got a chance to observe my cousin’s daughters closely last year when I went for a vacation to California. My experiences made me realize how two people can be vastly different and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Comparison between two books

...Criminological Theories: Comparison between two books Criminological Theories: Comparison between Two Books Criminology can be defined as the scientific study of the extent, nature, causes, prevention, and control of criminal behavior in the society (Ronald and Christine, 2013). Several theories have been developed overtime to describe the causes of crimes in the society. A thorough understanding of criminology can help psychologists and relevant authorities to prevent repetition of crimes and helping in rehabilitation of criminals. Criminological theories can be categorized as macro theories if they explain crimes in the context of the larger society and micro theories if they approach crime from an individual perspective (Ronald... and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Comparison of Two Companies

...Tesco and Morrisons – A Comparison Historical development Tesco is considered as the top supermarket in the UK with its activities spreading in 12 countries across the world. This company was launched in the year 1919 and its founder was Jack Cohen. The first shop was opened in a market stall in London’s East End. Initially, he used to sell surplus groceries; first day’s stock was purchased by his demob money which he received after he had left the Royal Flying Corp at the end of the Great War. It was in the year 1924, that Cohen for the first time sold his own brand of tea which was Tesco Tea, and it was before the company got its name. In the year 1929, Cohen opened the first ever Tesco store in North London. During the 1930s... immense...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Comparison of the Attitudes of Two Management Principles for FREE!

Contact Us